|ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ |
汉语/漢語 ಹಾನ್ಯೂ, 中文 ಜೋಂಗ್ವೇನ್
|ಸು. ೧.೩ |
|ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸೇರಿ: ೧|
ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Country data the Republic of China
|chi / zho (B)ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Infobox ಭಾಷೆ/terminological|
|ಟಿಪ್ಪಣಿ: ಈ ಪುಟದಲ್ಲಿ IPA ಧ್ವನಿ ಸಂಕೇತಗಳು |
ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ (汉语/漢語, ಹಾನ್ಯೂ; 中文, ಝೋಂಗ್ವೇನ್) ಮೂಲತಃ ಹಾನ್ ಚೀನಿ ಜನರ ಭಾಷೆ. ಸಹಸ್ರಾರು ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಬೆಳವಣಗೆಯಿಂದ ಇದು ಅನೇಕ ಸ್ವರೂಪಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿ ಇಂದು ಒಂದು
Spoken Chinese is distinguished by its high level of internal diversity, though all spoken varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic. There are between six and twelve main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most populous (by far) is Mandarin (c. 850 million), followed by Wu (c. 90 million), Min (c. 70 million) and Cantonese (c. 70 million). Most of these groups are mutually unintelligible, though some, like Xiang and the Southwest Mandarin dialects, may share common terms and some degree of intelligibility. Chinese is classified as a macrolanguage with thirteen sub-languages in ISO 639-3, though the identification of the varieties of Chinese as multiple "languages" or as "dialects" of a single language is a contentious issue.
The standardized form of spoken Chinese is Standard Mandarin "普通话/普通話 (pinyin: pǔtōnghùa); 国语/國語 (pinyin: gúoyǔ)", based on the Beijing dialect. Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China in Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore. Chinese—de facto, Standard Mandarin—is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Of the other varieties, Standard Cantonese is common and influential in Cantonese-speaking overseas communities, and remains one of the official languages of Hong Kong (together with English) and of Macau (together with Portuguese). Min Nan, part of the Min language group, is widely spoken in southern Fujian, in Taiwan (where it is known as Taiwanese or Hoklo) and in Southeast Asia (where it dominates in Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines and is known as Hokkien).
The map below depicts the linguistic subdivisions ("languages" or "dialect groups") within China itself. The traditionally-recognized seven main groups, in order of population size are: