ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ

ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ
汉语/漢語 ಹಾನ್ಯೂ, 中文 ಜೋಂಗ್ವೇನ್
ಬಳಕೆಯಲ್ಲಿರುವ 
ಪ್ರದೇಶಗಳು:
ಚೀನ, ಮಲೇಶಿಯ, ಸಿಂಗಾಪುರ್, ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ 
ಪ್ರದೇಶ:ಪೂರ್ವ ಏಷ್ಯಾ, ಆಗ್ನೇಯ ಏಷ್ಯಾ
ಒಟ್ಟು 
ಮಾತನಾಡುವವರು:
ಸು. ೧.೩ ಬಿಲಿಯನ್ 
ಶ್ರೇಯಾಂಕ:ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸೇರಿ: ೧

ಮ್ಯಾಂಡರಿನ್: ೧
ವೂ: ೧೨
ಕ್ಯಾಂಟೊನೀಸ್: ೧೮
ಮಿನ್: ೨೨
ಜಿಯಾಂಗ್: ೩೦
ಹಕ್ಕ: ೩೩
ಗಾನ್: ೩೮

ಭಾಷಾ ಕುಟುಂಬ:Sino-Tibetan
 ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ
 
ಬರವಣಿಗೆ:ಚೀನಿ ಲಿಪಿ 
ಅಧಿಕೃತ ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನ
ಅಧಿಕೃತ ಭಾಷೆ:ಚೀನಾ ಚೀನಿ ಜನರ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Country data the Republic of China ಚೀನಿ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
Singapore ಸಿಂಗಾಪುರ
United Nations ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರ ಸಂಸ್ಥೆ
ನಿಯಂತ್ರಿಸುವ
ಪ್ರಾಧಿಕಾರ:
ಭಾಷೆಯ ಸಂಕೇತಗಳು
ISO 639-1:zh
ISO 639-2:chi / zho (B)ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Infobox ಭಾಷೆ/terminological
ISO/FDIS 639-3:

ಚೀನಿ ಭಾಷೆ (汉语/漢語, ಹಾನ್ಯೂ; 中文, ಝೋಂಗ್ವೇನ್) ಮೂಲತಃ ಹಾನ್ ಚೀನಿ ಜನರ ಭಾಷೆ. ಸಹಸ್ರಾರು ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಬೆಳವಣಗೆಯಿಂದ ಇದು ಅನೇಕ ಸ್ವರೂಪಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿ ಇಂದು ಒಂದು ಭಾಷಾ ಕುಟುಂಬವೆನ್ನಬಹುದಾದಷ್ಟು ವೈವಿಧ್ಯ ಭಾಷೆಗಳ ಸಂಕಲನವಾಗಿದೆ. ಚೀನಿ-ಟಿಬೆಟನ್ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಭಾಷಾ ಕುಟುಂಬಕ್ಕೆ ಇದು ಸೇರಿದೆ.[೧] About one-sixth of the world’s population, or over one billion people, speak some form of Chinese as their native language. The identification of the varieties of Chinese as "languages" or "dialects" is controversial.[೨] As a language family Chinese has an estimated nearly 1.2 billion speakers; Mandarin Chinese alone has around 851 million native speakers, outnumbering any other language in the world.[೩][೪]

Spoken Chinese is distinguished by its high level of internal diversity, though all spoken varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic. There are between six and twelve main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most populous (by far) is Mandarin (c. 850 million), followed by Wu (c. 90 million), Min (c. 70 million) and Cantonese (c. 70 million). Most of these groups are mutually unintelligible, though some, like Xiang and the Southwest Mandarin dialects, may share common terms and some degree of intelligibility. Chinese is classified as a macrolanguage with thirteen sub-languages in ISO 639-3, though the identification of the varieties of Chinese as multiple "languages" or as "dialects" of a single language is a contentious issue.

The standardized form of spoken Chinese is Standard Mandarin "普通话/普通話 (pinyin: pǔtōnghùa); 国语/國語 (pinyin: gúoyǔ)", based on the Beijing dialect. Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China in Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore. Chinese—de facto, Standard Mandarin—is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Of the other varieties, Standard Cantonese is common and influential in Cantonese-speaking overseas communities, and remains one of the official languages of Hong Kong (together with English) and of Macau (together with Portuguese). Min Nan, part of the Min language group, is widely spoken in southern Fujian, in Taiwan (where it is known as Taiwanese or Hoklo) and in Southeast Asia (where it dominates in Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines and is known as Hokkien).

Spoken Chinese

sinitic languages

The map below depicts the linguistic subdivisions ("languages" or "dialect groups") within China itself. The traditionally-recognized seven main groups, in order of population size are:

  • Guan (Mandarin) 北方話/北方话 or 官話/官话, (c. 885 million),
  • Wu 吳/吴 , which includes Shanghainese, (c. 77 million),
  • Yue (Cantonese) 粵/粤, (c. 71 million),
  • Min 閩/闽, which includes Taiwanese, (c. 60 million),
  • Xiang 湘, (c. 36 million),
  • Hakka 客家 or 客, (c. 34 million),
  • Gan 贛/赣, (c. 31 million)
Other Languages
Acèh: Bahsa Cina
Afrikaans: Chinees
አማርኛ: ቻይንኛ
aragonés: Idioma chinés
العربية: لغة صينية
مصرى: لغه صينى
asturianu: Idioma chinu
azərbaycanca: Çin dili
تۆرکجه: چین دیلی
башҡортса: Ҡытай теле
Boarisch: Kinäsisch
žemaitėška: Kėnu kalba
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Intsik
беларуская: Кітайская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кітайская мова
български: Китайски език
भोजपुरी: चीनी भाषा
বাংলা: চীনা ভাষা
བོད་ཡིག: རྒྱ་སྐད།
brezhoneg: Yezhoù sinaek
bosanski: Kineski jezik
буряад: Хитад хэлэн
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Háng-ngṳ̄
нохчийн: Цийн мотт
Cebuano: Inintsik
qırımtatarca: Çin tili
čeština: Čínština
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Срѣдиньскъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
Чӑвашла: Китай чĕлхи
Cymraeg: Tsieineeg
dolnoserbski: Chinšćina
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސީނީ
Esperanto: Ĉina lingvaro
español: Idioma chino
eesti: Hiina keel
euskara: Txinera
estremeñu: Luenga china
Võro: Hiina kiil
føroyskt: Kinesiskt mál
Frysk: Sineesk
Gaeilge: An tSínis
贛語: 漢語
Gàidhlig: Sìonais
Avañe'ẽ: Chinañe'ẽ
ગુજરાતી: ચાઇનીઝ ભાષા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hon-ngî
हिन्दी: चीनी भाषा
Fiji Hindi: Chinese bhasa
hrvatski: Kineski jezik
hornjoserbsce: Chinšćina
magyar: Kínai nyelv
հայերեն: Չինարեն
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Tionghoa
íslenska: Kínverska
italiano: Lingua cinese
日本語: 中国語
la .lojban.: jugbau
Basa Jawa: Basa Cina
ქართული: ჩინური ენა
Qaraqalpaqsha: Qıtay tili
Адыгэбзэ: Хъутеибзэ
Kongo: Kisinwá
қазақша: Қытай тілі
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភាសាចិន
한국어: 중국어
kernowek: Chinek
Кыргызча: Кытай тили
лезги: Китай чIал
Lingua Franca Nova: Xines
Limburgs: Chinees
lumbaart: Lengua cinesa
lingála: Lisinwa
lietuvių: Kinų kalba
मैथिली: चीनी भाषा
Malagasy: Fiteny sinoa
Baso Minangkabau: Bahaso Cino
македонски: Кинески јазик
മലയാളം: ചൈനീസ് ഭാഷ
монгол: Хятад хэл
मराठी: चिनी भाषा
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Cina
Mirandés: Lhéngua chinesa
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တရုတ်ဘာသာစကား
مازِرونی: چینی زوونون
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerit Tsiene
Plattdüütsch: Chineesche Spraak
नेपाल भाषा: चिनिया भाषा
Nederlands: Chinese talen
norsk nynorsk: Kinesisk
norsk: Kinesisk
Novial: Chinum
occitan: Chinés
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚੀਨੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ
Picard: Kinos
پنجابی: چینی
português: Língua chinesa
Runa Simi: Chun simi
română: Limba chineză
русиньскый: Кітайскый язык
संस्कृतम्: चीनी भाषा
саха тыла: Кытай тыла
sicilianu: Lingua cinisa
davvisámegiella: Kiinnágiella
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kineski jezik
Simple English: Chinese language
slovenčina: Čínština
slovenščina: Kitajščina
Gagana Samoa: Fa'asaina
српски / srpski: Кинески језик
Sesotho: Se-china
svenska: Kinesiska
Kiswahili: Kichina
ślůnski: Chińskŏ gŏdka
தமிழ்: சீன மொழி
తెలుగు: చైనీస్ భాష
тоҷикӣ: Забони чинӣ
Türkmençe: Hytaý dili
Tagalog: Wikang Tsino
Türkçe: Çince
татарча/tatarça: Кытай теле
Twi: Chinese
reo tahiti: Reo Tinitō
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: خەنزۇ تىلى
українська: Китайська мова
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xitoy tili
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Trung Quốc
Volapük: Tsyinänapük
吴语: 漢語
хальмг: Китдин келн
მარგალური: ჩინური ნინა
ייִדיש: כינעזיש
Vahcuengh: Vahgun
中文: 汉语
文言: 漢語
Bân-lâm-gú: Hàn-gí
粵語: 唐文
isiZulu: IsiShayina