|អព្យាក្រឹតភាព នៃ អត្ថបទនេះគឺត្រូវបានគេជំទាស់ ។ សូមមើលការពិភាក្សាលើ ទំព័រពិភាក្សា ។ សូមកុំដកចេញនូវសារនេះរហូតដល់ ការជំទាស់នេះត្រូវបានដោះស្រាយ ។ (May 2012)|
|Republic of Cuba |
República de Cuba (Spanish)
|បាវចនា: Patria o Muerte (Spanish) |
"Homeland or Death"
|បទភ្លេង: La Bayamesa ("The Bayamo Song")|
|ស្ថានភាព||រដ្ឋពឹងពាក់Client stateសហរដ្ឋ of the United States|
|ក្រុមជនជាតិភាគតិច||65.1% White, 10.1% African, 24.8% Mulatto and Mestizo|
|រដ្ឋាភិបាល||Unitary republic, Marxist-Leninist single party state|
|-||President & Premier||Raúl Castro|
|-||First Vice President||J. R. M. Ventura|
|-||First Secretary of Communist Party||Raúl Castro|
|-||President of the National Assembly||Ricardo Alarcón|
|Independence from Spain/U.S.|
|-||Declared||October 10, 1868 |
|-||Republic declared||May 20, 1902 |
from the United States
|-||Cuban Revolution||January 1, 1959|
|-||សរុប||109.884 គ.ម.២ (105th) |
|-||សន្ទភាព||102.3/គម២ (106th) |
|ផសស (យអទ)||ការប៉ាន់ស្មាន 2010|
|-||សរុប||$114.1 billion (63rd)|
|ផសស (មធ្យម)||ការប៉ាន់ស្មាន 2010|
|-||សរុប||$57.49 billion (68th)|
|លអម (2011)|| 0.776 |
កំហុស: តម្លៃ HDI មិនត្រឹមត្រូវ · 51st
|រូបិយបណ្ណ||Cuban peso( |
Cuban convertible peso (
|-||Summer (DST)||CDT (មសស−4)|
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, (//;
In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba, for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba remained a territory of Spain until the Spanish–American War ended in 1898, and gained formal independence from the U.S. in 1902. A fragile democracy, increasingly dominated by radical politics eventually evolved, solidified by the Cuban Constitution of 1940, but was definitely quashed in 1952 by former president Fulgencio Batista, and an authoritarian regime was set up, intensifying and catalyzing already rampant corruption, political repression and crippling economic regulations. Batista was ousted in January 1959 by the July 26 movement, and a new administration under Fidel Castro established, which had by 1965 evolved into a single-party state under the revived Communist Party of Cuba, which holds power to date.
Cuba is home to over 11 million people and is the most populous island nation in the Caribbean, as well as the largest by area. Its people, culture, and customs draw from diverse sources, such as the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and its proximity to the United States.
Cuba has a 99.8% literacy rate, an infant death rate lower than some developed countries, and an average life expectancy of 77.64. In 2006, Cuba was the only nation in the world which met the WWF's definition of sustainable development; having an ecological footprint of less than 1.8 hectares per capita and a Human Development Index of over 0.8 for 2007.