Zambia

Republic of Zambia

Motto: 
"One Zambia, One Nation"
Location of Zambia
Location of Zambia
Capital
and largest city
Lusaka
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15°25′S 28°17′E / -15.417; 28.283
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2010[1])
Religion
Christianity
Demonym(s)Zambian
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Edgar Lungu
Inonge Wina
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence 
History 
27 June 1890
28 November 1899
29 January 1900
17 August 1911
1 August 1953
24 October 1964
5 January 2016
• Established
1964
Area
• Total
752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi)[2] (38th)
• Water (%)
1
Population
• 2018 estimate
17,351,708[3][4] (68th)
• 2010 census
13,092,666[5]
• Density
17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (191st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$76.52 billion[6]
• Per capita
$4,180[6]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$23.137 billion[6]
• Per capita
$1,342[6]
Gini (2015)57.1[7]
high
HDI (2017)Increase 0.588[8]
medium · 144th
CurrencyZambian kwacha (ZMW)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+260
ISO 3166 codeZM
Internet TLD.zm

Zambia (ə/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa[9] (although some sources consider it part of East Africa[10]). Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia.[11] From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation. Levy Mwanawasa, Chiluba's chosen successor, presided over Zambia from January 2002 until his death in August 2008, and is credited with campaigns to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living. After Mwanawasa's death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for only three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. Sata died on 28 October 2014, making him the second Zambian president to die in office.[12] Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015,[13] in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President.

In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries.[14] The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka.

Etymology

The territory of what is now Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911. It was renamed Zambia at independence in 1964. The new name of Zambia was derived from the Zambezi river (Zambezi may mean "Grand River").[15]

Other Languages
Acèh: Zambia
Afrikaans: Zambië
Alemannisch: Sambia
አማርኛ: ዛምቢያ
Ænglisc: Sambia
العربية: زامبيا
aragonés: Zambia
arpetan: Zambie
asturianu: Zambia
azərbaycanca: Zambiya
تۆرکجه: زامبیا
Bali: Zambia
bamanankan: Zanbia
Banjar: Zambia
Bân-lâm-gú: Zambia
башҡортса: Замбия
беларуская: Замбія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Замбія
भोजपुरी: जांबिया
Bikol Central: Sambya
български: Замбия
བོད་ཡིག: ཛམ་བི་ཡ།
bosanski: Zambija
brezhoneg: Zambia
буряад: Замби
català: Zàmbia
Чӑвашла: Замби
Cebuano: Zambiya
čeština: Zambie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Zambia
Chi-Chewa: Zambia
chiShona: Zambia (nyika)
chiTumbuka: Zambia
Cymraeg: Sambia
dansk: Zambia
davvisámegiella: Zambia
Deutsch: Sambia
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޒެމްބިއާ
dolnoserbski: Sambija
डोटेली: जाम्बिया
eesti: Sambia
Ελληνικά: Ζάμπια
español: Zambia
Esperanto: Zambio
estremeñu: Zámbia
euskara: Zambia
eʋegbe: Zambia
فارسی: زامبیا
Fiji Hindi: Zambia
føroyskt: Sambia
français: Zambie
Frysk: Sambia
Gaeilge: An tSaimbia
Gaelg: Yn Tambia
Gagauz: Zambiya
Gàidhlig: Saimbia
galego: Zambia
Gĩkũyũ: Zambia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Zambia
한국어: 잠비아
Hausa: Zambiya
հայերեն: Զամբիա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Զամպիա
हिन्दी: ज़ाम्बिया
hornjoserbsce: Sambija
hrvatski: Zambija
Ido: Zambia
Igbo: Zambia
Ilokano: Zambia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জাম্বিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Zambia
interlingua: Zambia
Interlingue: Zambia
Ирон: Замби
isiXhosa: EZambia
isiZulu: IZambiya
íslenska: Sambía
italiano: Zambia
עברית: זמביה
Jawa: Zambia
Kabɩyɛ: Sambii
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಾಂಬಿಯ
Kapampangan: Zambia
ქართული: ზამბია
қазақша: Замбия
kernowek: Zambi
Kinyarwanda: Zambiya
Kiswahili: Zambia
Kongo: Zambia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Zanbi
kurdî: Zambiya
Кыргызча: Замбия
кырык мары: Замби
latgaļu: Zambeja
Latina: Zambia
latviešu: Zambija
Lëtzebuergesch: Sambia
лезги: Замбия
lietuvių: Zambija
Ligure: Zambia
Limburgs: Zambia
lingála: Zambia
Lingua Franca Nova: Zambia
Livvinkarjala: Zambii
la .lojban.: zambias
Luganda: Zambia
lumbaart: Zambia
magyar: Zambia
македонски: Замбија
മലയാളം: സാംബിയ
Malti: Żambja
मराठी: झांबिया
მარგალური: ზამბია
مصرى: زامبيا
مازِرونی: زامبیا
Bahasa Melayu: Zambia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Zambia
монгол: Замби
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇမ်ဘီယာနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Zambia
Nederlands: Zambia
नेपाल भाषा: जाम्बिया
日本語: ザンビア
нохчийн: Замби
Nordfriisk: Sambia
Norfuk / Pitkern: Zambia
norsk: Zambia
norsk nynorsk: Zambia
Novial: Zambia
occitan: Zambia
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜାମ୍ବିଆ
Oromoo: Zaambiyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zambiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜ਼ਾਂਬੀਆ
پنجابی: زیمبیا
Papiamentu: Zambia
پښتو: زمبیا
Patois: Zambia
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប្រទេសហ្សំប៊ី
Piemontèis: Zambia
Plattdüütsch: Sambia
polski: Zambia
português: Zâmbia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Zambiya
qırımtatarca: Zambiya
română: Zambia
Runa Simi: Sambya
русиньскый: Замбія
русский: Замбия
саха тыла: Замбия
Gagana Samoa: Zambia
संस्कृतम्: जाम्बिया
Sängö: Zambïi
sardu: Zàmbia
Scots: Zambie
Seeltersk: Sambia
Sesotho: Zambia
Sesotho sa Leboa: Zambia
Setswana: Zambia
shqip: Zambia
sicilianu: Zambia
සිංහල: සැම්බියා
Simple English: Zambia
سنڌي: زيمبيا
SiSwati: IZambiya
slovenčina: Zambia
slovenščina: Zambija
ślůnski: Zambijo
Soomaaliga: Saambiya
کوردی: زامبیا
српски / srpski: Замбија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zambija
Sunda: Zambia
suomi: Sambia
svenska: Zambia
Tagalog: Zambia
தமிழ்: சாம்பியா
Taqbaylit: Zambya
татарча/tatarça: Замбия
తెలుగు: జాంబియా
ትግርኛ: ዛምቢያ
тоҷикӣ: Замбия
Tsetsêhestâhese: Zambia
Türkçe: Zambiya
Türkmençe: Zambiýa
удмурт: Замбия
українська: Замбія
اردو: زیمبیا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: زامبىيە
Vahcuengh: Zambia
vèneto: Zanbia
vepsän kel’: Zambii
Tiếng Việt: Zambia
Volapük: Zambiyän
Võro: Sambia
文言: 尚比亞
Winaray: Zambia
Wolof: Saambi
吴语: 尚比亚
Xitsonga: Zambiya
ייִדיש: זאמביע
Yorùbá: Sámbíà
粵語: 贊比亞
Zazaki: Zambiya
žemaitėška: Zambėjė
中文: 赞比亚