Zakir Husain (politician)

Zakir Husain Khan
3rd President of India
In office
13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Vice PresidentVarahagiri Venkata Giri
Preceded bySarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Succeeded byVarahagiri Venkata Giri (Acting)
2nd Vice President of India
In office
13 May 1962 – 12 May 1967
PresidentSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
Preceded bySarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Succeeded byVarahagiri Venkata Giri
Governor of Bihar
In office
6 July 1957 – 11 May 1962
Chief MinisterKrishna Sinha
Deep Narayan Singh
Preceded byR. R. Diwakar
Succeeded byMadabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar
Personal details
Born(1897-02-08)8 February 1897
Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India[1]
(now in Telangana, India)
Died3 May 1969(1969-05-03) (aged 72)
New Delhi, India
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Shah Jahan Begum
Alma materMohammedan Anglo-Oriental College Aligarh
Frederick William University of Berlin
AwardsBharat Ratna Ribbon.svg Bharat Ratna (1963)
Padma Vibhushan

Zakir Husain Khan (8 February 1897 – 3 May 1969) was the third President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969.

He previously served as Governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962 and as Vice President of India from 1962 to 1967. He was also the co-founder of Jamia Milia Islamia, serving as its Vice Chancellor from 1928. Under Husain, Jamia became closely associated with the Indian freedom movement. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 1963.

Family and early life

Husain was born in Hyderabad State, into a Pashtun family of the Afridi tribe,[2] which came to be more closely associated with Qaimganj in Farrukhabad district, and education and academia.[1][3][4] After Husain was born, his family migrated from Hyderabad to Qaimganj, where he grew up. He was the second of seven sons: the elder brother of fellow educationist Yousuf Husain. Husain's family would remain active in public life: his grandson Salman Khurshid, a Congress politician, is a former Foreign Minister of India, and his nephew was the noted academic Masud Husain.[5] His brother Mahmud Husain joined the Pakistan Movement and served as their Education Minister, while his nephew Anwar Husain was director of Pakistan Television. His relative Rahimuddin Khan served as Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Army and as Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.[6]

Husain's father, Fida Husain Khan, died when he was ten years old; his mother died in 1911 when he was fourteen. Husain's early primary education was completed in Hyderabad,[7] He completed High school from Islamia High School, Etawah, and was then educated at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, then affiliated with the University of Allahabad, where he was a prominent student leader.[8] He received his doctorate in economics from the University of Berlin in 1926.[9] In 1915, at the age of 18, he married Shah Jahan Begum and had two daughters, Saeeda Khan and Safia Rehman.[10]

Other Languages
العربية: ذاكر حسين
беларуская: Закір Хусейн
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޒާކިރު ޙުސައިން
Bahasa Indonesia: Zakir Hussain (politikus)
қазақша: Закир Хусейн
Nederlands: Zakir Hussain
پنجابی: ذاکر حسین
русский: Хусейн, Закир
संस्कृतम्: जाकिर हुसैन
svenska: Zakir Husain
українська: Закір Хусейн
Yorùbá: Zakir Hussain