Zaire ebolavirus

  • zaire ebolavirus
    ebola virus - electron micrograph.tiff
    colorized scanning electron micrograph of ebola virus particles (green) found both as extracellular particles and budding particles from a chronically infected african green monkey kidney cell (blue); 20,000x magnification
    virus classification e
    (unranked): virus
    realm: riboviria
    phylum: negarnaviricota
    class: monjiviricetes
    order: mononegavirales
    family: filoviridae
    genus: ebolavirus
    species:
    zaire ebolavirus

    zaire ebolavirus, more commonly known as ebola virus (ɪ-/; ebov), is one of six known species within the genus ebolavirus.[1] four of the six known ebolaviruses, including ebov, cause a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals, known as ebola virus disease (evd). ebola virus has caused the majority of human deaths from evd, and was the cause of the 2013–2016 epidemic in western africa,[2] which resulted in at least 28,646 suspected cases and 11,323 confirmed deaths.[3][4]

    ebola virus and its genus were both originally named for zaire (now the democratic republic of the congo), the country where it was first described,[1] and was at first suspected to be a new "strain" of the closely related marburg virus.[5][6] the virus was renamed "ebola virus" in 2010 to avoid confusion. ebola virus is the single member of the species zaire ebolavirus, which is the type species for the genus ebolavirus, family filoviridae, order mononegavirales. the members of the species are called zaire ebolaviruses.[1][7] the natural reservoir of ebola virus is believed to be bats, particularly fruit bats,[8] and it is primarily transmitted between humans and from animals to humans through body fluids.[9]

    the ebov genome is a single-stranded rna approximately 19,000 nucleotides long. it encodes seven structural proteins: nucleoprotein (np), polymerase cofactor (vp35), (vp40), gp, transcription activator (vp30), vp24, and rna-dependent rna polymerase (l).[10]

    because of its high mortality rate (up to 83 to 90 percent),[11][12] ebov is also listed as a select agent, world health organization risk group 4 pathogen (requiring biosafety level 4-equivalent containment), a us national institutes of health/national institute of allergy and infectious diseases category a priority pathogen, us cdc centers for disease control and prevention category a bioterrorism agent, and a biological agent for export control by the australia group.[citation needed]

  • structure
  • genome
  • entry
  • replication
  • ecology
  • ebola virus disease
  • history and nomenclature
  • virus inclusion criteria
  • evolution
  • in literature
  • references
  • external links

Zaire ebolavirus
Ebola Virus - Electron Micrograph.tiff
Colorized scanning electron micrograph of Ebola virus particles (green) found both as extracellular particles and budding particles from a chronically infected African Green Monkey Kidney cell (blue); 20,000x magnification
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Phylum: Negarnaviricota
Class: Monjiviricetes
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Filoviridae
Genus: Ebolavirus
Species:
Zaire ebolavirus

Zaire ebolavirus, more commonly known as Ebola virus (ɪ-/; EBOV), is one of six known species within the genus Ebolavirus.[1] Four of the six known ebolaviruses, including EBOV, cause a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals, known as Ebola virus disease (EVD). Ebola virus has caused the majority of human deaths from EVD, and was the cause of the 2013–2016 epidemic in western Africa,[2] which resulted in at least 28,646 suspected cases and 11,323 confirmed deaths.[3][4]

Ebola virus and its genus were both originally named for Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo), the country where it was first described,[1] and was at first suspected to be a new "strain" of the closely related Marburg virus.[5][6] The virus was renamed "Ebola virus" in 2010 to avoid confusion. Ebola virus is the single member of the species Zaire ebolavirus, which is the type species for the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The members of the species are called Zaire ebolaviruses.[1][7] The natural reservoir of Ebola virus is believed to be bats, particularly fruit bats,[8] and it is primarily transmitted between humans and from animals to humans through body fluids.[9]

The EBOV genome is a single-stranded RNA approximately 19,000 nucleotides long. It encodes seven structural proteins: nucleoprotein (NP), polymerase cofactor (VP35), (VP40), GP, transcription activator (VP30), VP24, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (L).[10]

Because of its high mortality rate (up to 83 to 90 percent),[11][12] EBOV is also listed as a select agent, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogen (requiring Biosafety Level 4-equivalent containment), a US National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogen, US CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agent, and a Biological Agent for Export Control by the Australia Group.[citation needed]

Other Languages
français: Virus Ebola
Bahasa Melayu: Zaire ebolavirus
Nederlands: Zaïre ebolavirus
polski: Wirus Ebola
українська: Zaire ebolavirus