Marunouchi Headquarters for the Mitsubishi zaibatsu, pre-1923

Zaibatsu (財閥, "financial clique") is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy from the Meiji period until the end of The Second World War. They were succeeded by the Keiretsu in the second half of the 20th century.


The term "zaibatsu" was coined in 19th century Japan from the Sino-Japanese roots zai ("wealth", from Middle Chinese dzoi) and batsu ("clique", "group", from Middle Chinese bjot). Although zaibatsu themselves existed from the 19th century, the term was not in common use until after World War I. By definition, the zaibatsu were large family-controlled vertical monopolies consisting of a holding company on top, with a wholly owned banking subsidiary providing finance, and several industrial subsidiaries dominating specific sectors of a market, either solely, or through a number of subsidiary companies.

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العربية: زايباتسو
català: Zaibatsu
čeština: Zaibacu
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euskara: Zaibatsu
فارسی: زایباتسو
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한국어: 자이바쓰
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Bahasa Indonesia: Zaibatsu
italiano: Zaibatsu
עברית: זאיבצו
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مصرى: زيباتسو
Bahasa Melayu: Zaibatsu
Nederlands: Zaibatsu
日本語: 財閥
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русский: Дзайбацу
slovenčina: Zaibacu
српски / srpski: Заибацу
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svenska: Zaibatsu
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українська: Дзайбацу
Tiếng Việt: Zaibatsu
中文: 財閥