Yugoslavia

General location of Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslavija/Југославија [juɡǒslaːʋija]; Slovene: Jugoslavija [juɡɔˈslàːʋija]; Macedonian: Југославија [juɡɔˈsɫavija]) was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 [i] under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia. The Serbian royal House of Karađorđević became the Yugoslav royal dynasty. Yugoslavia gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. [2] The country was named after the South Slavic peoples and constituted their first union, following centuries in which the territories had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary.

Renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, it was invaded by the Axis powers on 6 April 1941. In 1943, a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed by the Partisan resistance. In 1944, the king recognised it as the legitimate government, but in November 1945 the monarchy was abolished. Yugoslavia was renamed the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946, when a communist government was established. It acquired the territories of Istria, Rijeka, and Zadar from Italy. Partisan leader Josip Broz Tito ruled the country as president until his death in 1980. In 1963, the country was renamed again as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

The constituent six socialist republics that made up the country were the SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SR Croatia, SR Macedonia, SR Montenegro, SR Serbia, and SR Slovenia. Serbia contained two Socialist Autonomous Provinces, Vojvodina and Kosovo, which after 1974 were largely equal to the other members of the federation. [3] [4] After an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia broke up along its republics' borders, at first into five countries, leading to the Yugoslav Wars.

After the breakup, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro formed a reduced federation, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), which aspired to the status of sole legal successor to the SFRY, but those claims were opposed by the other former republics. Eventually, Serbia and Montenegro accepted the opinion of the Badinter Arbitration Committee about shared succession. [5] Serbia and Montenegro themselves broke up in 2006 and became independent states, while Kosovo proclaimed independence in 2008.

Background

The concept of Yugoslavia, as a single state for all South Slavic peoples, emerged in the late 17th century and gained prominence through the Illyrian Movement of the 19th century. The name was created by the combination of the Slavic words "jug" (south) and "slaveni" (Slavs). Yugoslavia was the result of the Corfu Declaration, as a project of the Serbian Parliament in exile and the Serbian royal Karađorđević dynasty, who became the Yugoslav royal dynasty.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Joego-Slawië
Alemannisch: Jugoslawien
አማርኛ: ዩጎስላቪያ
Ænglisc: Geugoslafia
العربية: يوغوسلافيا
asturianu: Yugoslavia
башҡортса: Югославия
беларуская: Югаславія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Югаславія
български: Югославия
Boarisch: Jugoslawien
bosanski: Jugoslavija
brezhoneg: Yougoslavia
català: Iugoslàvia
čeština: Jugoslávie
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Yugoslavia
Cymraeg: Iwgoslafia
Deutsch: Jugoslawien
dolnoserbski: Jugosłowjańska
Ελληνικά: Γιουγκοσλαβία
español: Yugoslavia
Esperanto: Jugoslavio
estremeñu: Yugoslavia
فارسی: یوگسلاوی
føroyskt: Jugoslavia
français: Yougoslavie
Gaeilge: An Iúgslaiv
Gàidhlig: Iùgoslaibhia
galego: Iugoslavia
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: युगोस्लाविया
Հայերեն: Հարավսլավիա
hornjoserbsce: Juhosłowjanska
Bahasa Indonesia: Yugoslavia
interlingua: Jugoslavia
Interlingue: Yugoslavia
íslenska: Júgóslavía
italiano: Jugoslavia
עברית: יוגוסלביה
Basa Jawa: Yugoslavia
ქართული: იუგოსლავია
Kinyarwanda: Yugosilaviya
Kiswahili: Yugoslavia
Kurdî: Yûgoslavya
Ladino: Yugoslavia
Latina: Iugoslavia
latviešu: Dienvidslāvija
Lëtzebuergesch: Jugoslawien
Ligure: Iugoslavia
Limburgs: Joegoslavië
magyar: Jugoszlávia
македонски: Југославија
მარგალური: იუგოსლავია
مازِرونی: یوگوسلاوی
Bahasa Melayu: Yugoslavia
Nederlands: Joegoslavië
norsk: Jugoslavia
norsk nynorsk: Jugoslavia
Novial: Jugoslavia
occitan: Iogoslavia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yugoslaviya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਯੂਗੋਸਲਾਵੀਆ
Papiamentu: Yugoslavia
polski: Jugosławia
português: Jugoslávia
română: Iugoslavia
Runa Simi: Yuguslawya
русиньскый: Югославія
русский: Югославия
саха тыла: Югославия
Scots: Yugoslavie
sicilianu: Jugoslavia
Simple English: Yugoslavia
slovenčina: Juhoslávia
slovenščina: Jugoslavija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Югославїꙗ
српски / srpski: Југославија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jugoslavija
suomi: Jugoslavia
svenska: Jugoslavien
Tagalog: Yugoslavia
тоҷикӣ: Югославия
Türkçe: Yugoslavya
українська: Югославія
vèneto: Jugoslavia
vepsän kel’: Jugoslavii
Tiếng Việt: Nam Tư
文言: 南斯拉夫
Winaray: Yugoslavia
粵語: 南斯拉夫
中文: 南斯拉夫