General location of Yugoslavia
Macedonian: Jugoslavija, Југославија;
[juɡǒslaːʋija]) was a country in
Eastern Europe for most of the 20th century. It came into existence after
World War I in 1918
[i] under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional
State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former
Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent
Kingdom of Serbia. The Serbian royal
House of Karađorđević became the Yugoslav royal dynasty. Yugoslavia gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the
Conference of Ambassadors in Paris.
 The country was named after the
South Slavic peoples and constituted their first union, following centuries in which the territories had been part of the
Ottoman Empire and
Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, it was
invaded by the
Axis powers on 6 April 1941. In 1943, a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed by the
Partisan resistance. In 1944, the king recognised it as the legitimate government, but in November 1945 the monarchy was abolished. Yugoslavia was renamed the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946, when a communist government was established. It acquired the territories of
Zadar from Italy. Partisan leader
Josip Broz Tito ruled the country as president until his death in 1980. In 1963, the country was renamed again as the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).
The constituent six socialist republics that made up the country were the
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina,
SR Serbia, and
SR Slovenia. Serbia contained two Socialist Autonomous Provinces,
Kosovo, which after 1974 were largely equal to the other members of the federation.
 After an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia
broke up along its republics' borders, at first into five countries, leading to the
After the breakup, the republics of
Montenegro formed a reduced federation, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), which aspired to the status of sole
legal successor to the SFRY, but those claims were opposed by the other former republics. Eventually, Serbia and Montenegro accepted the opinion of the
Badinter Arbitration Committee about shared succession.
Serbia and Montenegro themselves broke up in 2006 and became independent states, while
Kosovo proclaimed independence in 2008.