Yuchi

Yuchi
Tsoyaha
Yuchibigturtledance.png
Yuchi people dancing the Big Turtle Dance, 1909
Total population
2010: 623[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States
Historically: Tennessee, then Alabama and Georgia
Today: Oklahoma
Languages
English, Yuchi
Religion
Christianity (Methodist), Stomp Dance,
Native American Church[2]
Related ethnic groups
Muscogee Creek[2]

The Yuchi people, spelled Euchee and Uchee, are people of a Native American tribe who historically lived in the eastern Tennessee River valley in Tennessee in the 16th century. The Yuchi built monumental earthworks. In the late 17th century, they moved south to Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina.[2][3] After suffering many fatalities from epidemic disease and warfare in the 18th century, several surviving Yuchi were removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s, together with their allies the Muscogee Creek.[2]

Today, the Yuchi live primarily in the northeastern Oklahoma area, where many are enrolled as citizens in the federally recognized Muscogee Creek Nation. Some Yuchi are enrolled as members of other federally recognized tribes, such as the Absentee Shawnee Tribe and the Cherokee Nation.

Name

A c. 1724 English copy of a Catawba deerhide map of the tribes between Charleston (left) and Virginia (right) following the displacements of a century of disease and enslavement and the 1715–7 Yamasee War. The Yuchi are labelled as "Youchine."

The term Yuchi is commonly interpreted to mean "over there sit/live" or "situated yonder." Their autonym, or name for themselves, Tsoyaha or Coyaha, means "Children of the Sun." The Shawnee call them Tahokale, and the Cherokee call them Aniyutsi.[4]

Other Languages
català: Yuchis
Deutsch: Yuchi
español: Yuchi
français: Yuchis
hrvatski: Yuchi Indijanci
русский: Ючи (народ)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Yuchi