Yellow vests movement
This article documents a
|Yellow vests movement|
Gilets jaunes protests
|Part of |
A gilets jaunes demonstration in
|Date||17 November 2018 – ongoing|
|Status||Ongoing, as of December 19, 2018.|
|Death(s)||8 civilians (in France)|
~200+ injured police officers
|1600 people (as of 4 December 2018)|
More than 2300 (8 December 2018 alone)
The yellow vests movement (
Yellow vests were chosen as a symbol because, since 2008, a law had required all French motorists to have such
The issue around which the French movement centered at first was the projected 2019 increase in fuel taxes, particularly on diesel fuel.
Since the 1950s, the French government has subsidized the production of
The price of petrol (SP95-E10) decreased during 2018, from €1.47 per litre in January to €1.43 per litre in the last week of November.
Prices of petrol and diesel fuel increased by 15 percent and 23 percent respectively between October 2017 and October 2018. The world market purchase price of petrol for distributors increased by 28 percent over the previous year; for diesel, by 35 percent. Costs of distribution increased by 40 percent. VAT included, diesel taxes increased by 14 percent over one year and petrol taxes by 7.5 percent. The tax increase had been 7.6 cents per litre on diesel and 3.9 cents on petrol in 2018, with a further increase of 6.5 cents on diesel and 2.9 cents on petrol planned for 1 January 2019.
The taxes collected on the sale of fuel are:
The protesters criticize
One of the first known demonstrations in France against the taxation of petrol prices dates back to 1933 in
The protesters claim that the fuel tax is intended to finance tax cuts for big business, with some critics such as Dania Koleilat Khatib claiming that spending should be cut instead. Macron said the goal of the administration's economic reform program is to increase France's competitiveness in the global economy, and says that the fuel tax is intended to discourage fossil-fuel use. Many of the yellow jackets are primarily motivated by economic difficulties due to low salaries and high energy prices. The majority of the yellow jacket movement wants to fight