Xu Shijie (Chinese: 许士杰; Wade–Giles: Hsü Shih-chieh; 29 November 1920 – 27 July 1991) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and politician. He held many positions in his native province of Guangdong, including as Party Chief of the provincial capital Guangzhou. He came out of retirement in 1988 to serve as the inaugural Party Chief of the newly established province and special economic zone of Hainan. In Hainan he worked closely with Governor Liang Xiang to implement reformist policies, but they were both dismissed in the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 and the fall of the liberal leader Zhao Ziyang. He died soon afterwards in 1991.