Xin dynasty

Xin dynasty
新朝
9–23
Xin dynasty (teal)
Capital Chang'an
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 •  9-23 Wang Mang
History
 •  Wang Mang usurpation 10 January [1] 9
 •  Chang'an captured by Lülin 5 October [2] 23
Currency Chinese coin, gold, silver, tortoise shell, seashell
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Western Han dynasty
Eastern Han dynasty
Today part of

The Xin dynasty ( Chinese: 新朝; pinyin: Xīn Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsin Ch'ao) was a Chinese dynasty (termed so despite having only one emperor) which lasted from 9 to 23 AD. It interrupted the Han dynasty, dividing it into the periods of the Western Han and the Eastern Han.

The sole emperor of the Xin dynasty, Wang Mang, was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. After the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. After several years of cultivating a personality cult, he finally proclaimed himself emperor in 9 AD. However, while a creative scholar and politician, he was an incompetent ruler, and his capital Chang'an was besieged by peasant rebels in 23 AD. He died in the siege, and the Han dynasty was restored by descendants of the former imperial clan.

Personal name Portrait Period of reign Era names and dates
Wang Mang 9–23 AD

Shijianguo (始建國 Shǐ Jìan Guó, "Start to establish a nation") 9–13 AD
Tianfeng (天鳳 Tīan Fēng, "Heavenly Feng") 14–19 AD
Dihuang (地皇 Dì Huáng, "Earthly Emperor") 20–23 AD

  • notes

Notes

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 36.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 39.

References

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Sin-tiâu
brezhoneg: Tierniezh Xin
català: Dinastia Xin
čeština: Dynastie Sin
Deutsch: Xin-Dynastie
Ελληνικά: Δυναστεία Σιν
español: Dinastía Xin
français: Dynastie Xin
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sîn-chhèu
한국어: 신나라
हिन्दी: शिन राजवंश
hrvatski: Dinastija Xin
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Xin
italiano: Dinastia Xin
עברית: שושלת שין
Bahasa Melayu: Dinasti Xin
монгол: Шинь улс
Nederlands: Xin-dynastie
日本語:
norsk bokmål: Xin-dynastiet
پنجابی: شن راجٹبر
português: Dinastia Xin
српски / srpski: Династија Син
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dinastija Xin
українська: Династія Сінь
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Tân
文言:
粵語: 新朝
中文: 新朝