Xin dynasty

Xin dynasty
新朝
9–23
Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
CapitalChang'an
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 9-23
Wang Mang
History 
• Wang Mang usurpation
10 January[1] 9
• Chang'an captured by Lülin
5 October[2] 23
CurrencyChinese coin, gold, silver, tortoise shell, seashell
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Western Han dynasty
Eastern Han dynasty
Today part of China
 Vietnam
 North Korea

The Xin dynasty (n/; Chinese: 新朝; pinyin: Xīn Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsin Ch'ao; literally: "new dynasty") was a Chinese dynasty (termed so despite having only one emperor) which lasted from 9 to 23 AD.[3] It interrupted the Han dynasty, dividing it into the periods of the Western Han and the Eastern Han.

The sole emperor of the Xin dynasty, Wang Mang(chinese 王莽) was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. After the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. After several years of cultivating a personality cult, he finally proclaimed himself emperor in 9 AD. However, while a creative scholar and politician, he was an incompetent ruler, and it aroused the discontent of many people. After a while, the country became poor, and the peasants,merchants,and descendents of the former imperial clan rebelled. Despite the fact that Wang Mang had twice the number of soldiers and had a sturdy city wall surrounding his capital of Chang'an, the rebels used an ingenious invention to get over the city walls into the city and defeated his army. He died soon after the siege, and the Han dynasty was restored by descendants of the former imperial clan.

Personal namePortraitPeriod of reignEra names and dates
Wang Mang9–23 AD

Shijianguo (始建國; Shǐ Jìan Guó; "Start to establish a nation") 9–13 AD
Tianfeng (天鳳; Tīan Fèng; "Heavenly Feng") 14–19 AD
Dihuang (地皇; Dì Huáng; "Earthly Emperor") 20–23 AD

  • notes

Notes

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 36.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 39.
  3. ^ Perkins, Dorothy (2013-11-19). Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Routledge. ISBN 9781135935627. 

References

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Sin-tiâu
brezhoneg: Tierniezh Xin
català: Dinastia Xin
čeština: Dynastie Sin
Deutsch: Xin-Dynastie
Ελληνικά: Δυναστεία Σιν
español: Dinastía Xin
français: Dynastie Xin
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sîn-chhèu
한국어: 신나라
हिन्दी: शिन राजवंश
hrvatski: Dinastija Xin
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Xin
italiano: Dinastia Xin
עברית: שושלת שין
Bahasa Melayu: Dinasti Xin
монгол: Шинь улс
Nederlands: Xin-dynastie
日本語:
occitan: Dinastia Xin
پنجابی: شن راجٹبر
português: Dinastia Xin
српски / srpski: Династија Син
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dinastija Xin
Türkçe: Xin Hanedanı
українська: Династія Сінь
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Tân
文言:
吴语: 新朝
粵語: 新朝
中文: 新朝