Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths

Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths
EH1286469 Goldsmiths Hall 04.jpg
LocationGoldsmiths' Hall,
Date of formation1327; 691 years ago (1327)
Company associationBanking and commodity trading
Order of precedence5th
Master of companyJudith Cobham-Lowe, Prime Warden[1]
MottoJustitia Virtutum Regina

The Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths is one of the Great Twelve Livery Companies of the City of London.[2]

The Company, which originates from the twelfth century, received a Royal Charter in 1327 and ranks fifth in the order of precedence of City Livery Companies. Its motto is Justitia Virtutum Regina, Latin for Justice is Queen of Virtues.

The Goldsmiths' Company founded a London Technical and Recreative Institute in 1891, which is better known nowadays as Goldsmiths, University of London.

History and role

The third and present Goldsmiths' Hall in the second half of the 19th century

The Company was first established as a medieval guild for the goldsmith trade. The word hallmarking derives from the fact that precious metals were officially inspected and marked at Goldsmiths' Hall, the Company's HQ. Today, the Company is one of the few Livery Companies still to play a formal role in its ancient trade.

The Goldsmiths' Company oversees the London Assay Office, where objects made of precious metals are tested for purity, and then marked with an official symbol should they pass the necessary tests. At the Trial of the Pyx, the Goldsmiths' Company is also responsible for checking the validity of British coinage.

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