World Heritage site
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the
To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area). It may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, and serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.
The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones.
The programme catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding
As of July 2018,
|Signed||16 November 1972|
|Effective||17 December 1975|
193 (189 |
Director-General of the |
|Languages||Arabic, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
In 1954, the government of
The project cost $80 million, about $40 million of which was collected from 50 countries.[
The United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation. The
A single text was agreed on by all parties, and the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972.
The Convention came into force on 17 December 1975. As of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states parties, including 189