Wilhelmshaven

Wilhelmshaven
Naval museum
Naval museum
Coat of arms of Wilhelmshaven
Coat of arms
Wilhelmshaven   is located in Germany
Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
Coordinates: 53°31′0″N 8°8′0″E / 53°31′0″N 8°8′0″E / 53.51667; 8.13333
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Urban district
Government
 •  Lord Mayor Andreas Wagner ( CDU)
Area
 • Total 106.91 km2 (41.28 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2015-12-31) [1]
 • Total 75,995
 • Density 710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/ CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 26351–26389
Dialling codes 04421, 04423, and 04425 (each partially)
Vehicle registration WHV
Website Nordsee Stadt Wilhelmshaven

Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour; German pronunciation: [vɪlhɛlmsˈhaːfn̩]) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North Sea. Wilhelmshaven is the centre of the "JadeBay" business region (which has around 330,000 inhabitants).

The adjacent Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park (part of the Wattenmeer UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site) provides the basis for the major tourism industry in the region.

History

The Siebethsburg castle ( de), built before 1383, operated as a pirate stronghold; the Hanseatic League destroyed it in 1433. Four centuries later, the Kingdom of Prussia planned a fleet and a harbour on the North Sea. In 1853, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, a cousin of the Prussian King Frederick William IV, arranged the Jade Treaty (Jade-Vertrag) with the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, in which Prussia and the Grand Duchy entered into a contract whereby Oldenburg ceded 3.13 square kilometres (1.21 square miles) of its territory at the Jade Bight to Prussia. In 1869 King William I of Prussia (later also German Emperor) founded the town as an exclave of the Province of Hanover and a naval base for Prussia's developing fleet. All the hinterland of the city remained as part of the Duchy of Oldenburg.

A shipbuilding yard developed at Wilhelmshaven, the Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven ( Wilhelmshaven Imperial Shipyard). On 30 June 1934 the " pocket battleship" Admiral Graf Spee was launched at Wilhelmshaven.

In 1937 Wilhelmshaven and Rüstringen merged[ citation needed] and the united city, named Wilhelmshaven, became a part of the Free State of Oldenburg.

World War II

In World War II (1939-1945), Allied bombing destroyed two thirds of the town's buildings.[ citation needed] On 28 April 1945, the Canadian First Army captured Emden and Wilhelmshaven, Germany, and took the surrender of the entire garrison, including some 200 ships of the Kriegsmarine. The Poles remained as part of the allied occupation forces until 1947. During World War II Alter Banter Weg (No. 1582 Wilhelmshaven) functioned as a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp.

Since 1945

In 1947 the city council decided to seek a new emblem for the city. After the Control Commission for Germany - British Element (CCG/BE) had rejected several designs, Wilhelmshaven selected the image of a Frisian warrior (Rüstringer Friese), designed after a nail man erected in the city during the First World War to collect war donations.

Between 1947 and 1972 Wilhelmshaven was the home of PRINCE RUPERT SCHOOL, a comprehensive boarding school for children of British Army and RAF personnel serving with BAOR. The school relocated to Rinteln in 1972. There is an active association of former Wilhelmshaven pupils called The Wilhelmshaven Association.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wilhelmshaven
Ænglisc: Willelmeshæfen
العربية: فيلهلمسهافن
تۆرکجه: ویلهمسهافن
беларуская: Вільгельмсгафен
български: Вилхелмсхафен
brezhoneg: Wilhelmshaven
català: Wilhelmshaven
čeština: Wilhelmshaven
Deutsch: Wilhelmshaven
Ελληνικά: Βιλχελμσχάφεν
español: Wilhelmshaven
Esperanto: Wilhelmshaven
euskara: Wilhelmshaven
français: Wilhelmshaven
Gàidhlig: Wilhelmshaven
Bahasa Indonesia: Wilhelmshaven
íslenska: Wilhelmshaven
italiano: Wilhelmshaven
Kiswahili: Wilhelmshaven
lietuvių: Vilhelmshafenas
Nederlands: Wilhelmshaven
Nordfriisk: Wilhelmshuuwen
norsk nynorsk: Wilhelmshaven
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Wilhelmshaven
Plattdüütsch: Willemshaven
português: Wilhelmshaven
română: Wilhelmshaven
Seeltersk: Wülmshoawen
српски / srpski: Вилхелмсхафен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Wilhelmshaven
svenska: Wilhelmshaven
татарча/tatarça: Вилһелмсһафен
Türkçe: Wilhelmshaven
українська: Вільгельмсгафен
Tiếng Việt: Wilhelmshaven
Volapük: Wilhelmshaven
Winaray: Wilhelmshaven
中文: 威廉港