West Bank

West Bank
الضفة الغربية
aḍ-Ḍiffah l-Ġarbiyyah
Hebrew: הַגָּדָה הַמַּעֲרָבִית
HaGadah HaMa'aravit[1]
Map of the West Bank
Countries and territories
Population3,340,143[2]
Area5,655 km2 (2,183 sq mi)
Languages
ReligionSunni Islam
Judaism
Christianity
Samaritanism
Time ZonesUTC+2
CurrencyShekel (ILS)
ISO 3166 codePS
IL

The West Bank (Arabic: الضفة الغربيةaḍ-Ḍiffah l-Ġarbiyyah; Hebrew: הגדה המערביתHaGadah HaMa'aravit or יהודה ושומרון Yehuda VeShomron[neutrality is disputed])[3][4][5][6] is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north. The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western Dead Sea shore.[2] The West Bank has been under Israeli occupation since the 1967 Six-Day War.

The Oslo Accords, signed between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel, created administrative districts with varying levels of Palestinian autonomy within each area. Area C, in which Israel maintained complete civil and security control, accounts for over 60% of the territory of the West Bank.[7]

The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has a land area of 5,640 km2 plus a water area of 220 km2, consisting of the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea.[2] As of July 2017 it has an estimated population of 2,747,943 Palestinians,[2] and approximately 391,000 Israeli settlers,[2] and approximately another 201,200 Israeli settlers in East Jerusalem.[2] The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this.[8][9][10][11] The International Court of Justice advisory ruling (2004) concluded that events that came after the 1967 occupation of the West Bank by Israel, including the Jerusalem Law, Israel's peace treaty with Jordan and the Oslo Accords, did not change the status of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as occupied territory with Israel as the occupying power.[12][13]

Etymology

City of Salfit, West Bank

West Bank

City of Bethlehem, West Bank

The name West Bank is a translation of the Arabic term ad-Diffah I-Garbiyyah, given to the territory west of the Jordan River that fell, in 1948, under occupation and administration by Jordan, which claimed subsequently to have annexed it in 1950. This annexation was considered illegal and was recognized only by Britain, Iraq and Pakistan.[14] The term was chosen to differentiate the west bank of the River Jordan from the "east bank" of this river.

Cisjordan

The neo-Latin name Cisjordan or Cis-Jordan (literally "on this side of the River Jordan") is the usual name for the territory in the Romance languages and Hungarian. The name West Bank, however, has become the standard usage for this geopolitical entity in English and some of the other Germanic languages since its creation following the Jordanian army's conquest.

In English, the name Cisjordan is occasionally used to designate the entire region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean, particularly in the historical context of the British Mandate and earlier times.[citation needed] The analogous Transjordan (literally "on the other side of the River Jordan") has historically been used to designate the region now roughly comprising the state of Jordan, which lies to the east of the Jordan River.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wesoewer
aragonés: Cischordania
asturianu: Cisxordania
Avañe'ẽ: Sihorytáña
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Заходні бераг ракі Ярдан
български: Западен бряг
bosanski: Zapadna Obala
brezhoneg: Sisjordania
català: Cisjordània
Ελληνικά: Δυτική Όχθη
español: Cisjordania
Esperanto: Cisjordanio
euskara: Zisjordania
français: Cisjordanie
Gàidhlig: Bruach-an-Iar
galego: Cisxordania
हिन्दी: पश्चिमी तट
hornjoserbsce: Zapadny brjóh Jordana
hrvatski: Zapadna obala
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: পিছ পার
Bahasa Indonesia: Tepi Barat
íslenska: Vesturbakkinn
italiano: Cisgiordania
Basa Jawa: Gisik Kulon
kernowek: Glann West
Latina: Cisiordania
latviešu: Rietumkrasts
lietuvių: Vakarų Krantas
македонски: Западен Брег
मराठी: वेस्ट बँक
Bahasa Melayu: Tebing Barat
Nordfriisk: Waastjordanlun
norsk nynorsk: Vestbreidda
occitan: Cisjordania
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੱਛਮੀ ਕੰਢਾ
پنجابی: مغربی کنارا
ភាសាខ្មែរ: វ៉ែសបែង
português: Cisjordânia
română: Cisiordania
Scots: Wast Bank
sicilianu: Cisgiordania
Simple English: West Bank
slovenščina: Zahodni breg
ślůnski: Zachodńi Brzyg
Soomaaliga: Daanta galbeed
српски / srpski: Западна обала
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zapadna obala
svenska: Västbanken
Tagalog: West Bank
Türkçe: Batı Şeria
Tiếng Việt: Bờ Tây
Winaray: West Bank
ייִדיש: מערב ברעג
粵語: 西岸地區