Weald

View of rolling agricultural fields and hedgerows under an overcast sky
View south across the Weald of Kent as seen from the North Downs Way near Detling
1871 map of the coast of Southeast England; central area shown as wooded
The Forest of Anderida during the Roman occupation of Britain

The Weald d/ is an area of South East England between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs. It crosses the counties of Sussex, Hampshire, Kent and Surrey and has three separate parts: the sandstone "High Weald" in the centre; the clay "Low Weald" periphery; and the Greensand Ridge, which stretches around the north and west of the Weald and includes its highest points. The Weald once was covered with forest, and its name, Old English in origin, signifies "woodland". The term is still used today, as scattered farms and villages sometimes refer to the Weald in their names.

Etymology

The name "Weald" is derived from the Old English weald, meaning "forest" (cognate of German Wald, but unrelated to English "wood", which has a different origin). This comes from a Germanic root of the same meaning, and ultimately from Indo-European. Weald is specifically a West Saxon form; wold is the Anglian form of the word.[1] The Middle English form of the word is wēld, and the modern spelling is a reintroduction of the Anglo-Saxon form attributed to its use by William Lambarde in his A Perambulation of Kent of 1576.[2]

In the Anglo-Saxon period, the area had the name Andredes weald, meaning "the forest of Andred", the latter derived from Anderida, the Roman name of present-day Pevensey. The area is also referred to in Anglo-Saxon texts as Andredesleage, where the second element, leage, is another Old English word for "woodland", represented by the modern leigh.[3]

The adjective for "Weald" is "Wealden".

Other Languages
Cymraeg: Weald
dansk: Weald
Deutsch: Weald
فارسی: جنگل ویلد
français: Weald
Frysk: Weald
italiano: Weald
Nederlands: Weald
norsk: Weald
norsk nynorsk: Weald
português: Weald
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Weald