Wanyan Liang

Prince of Hailing
Wanyan Digunai cropped.jpg
Emperor of the Jin dynasty
Reign9 January 1150 – 15 December 1161
PredecessorEmperor Xizong of Jin
SuccessorEmperor Shizong of Jin
Born(1122-02-24)24 February 1122
Died15 December 1161(1161-12-15) (aged 39)
SpouseEmpress Tushan
Consort Yuan
Tangkuo Dingge
Consort Chen
Consort Li
Tangkuo Shigge
Consort Zhao
Consort Zhao
Consort Rou
Lady Yelü
Lady Gao
Lady Nan
Tangkuo Puluhuzhi
Pucha Chacha
Wanyan Yuanshou
Wanyan Guangyang
Xiao Yu's daughter-in-law
Wugulun Yi's wife
Full name
Wanyan Liang (sinicised name)
Digunai (Jurchen name)
Era dates
Tiande (天德; 1149–1153)
Zhenyuan (貞元; 1153–1156)
Zhenglong (正隆; 1156–1161)
Posthumous name
Prince Yang of Hailing (海陵煬王)
Commoner of Hailing (海陵庶人)
FatherWanyan Zonggan
MotherLady Da
Wanyan Liang
Wanyan Liang
Traditional Chinese完顏亮
Simplified Chinese完颜亮

Digunai (24 February 1122 – 15 December 1161), also known by his sinicised name Wanyan Liang and his formal title Prince of Hailing (or Hailing Wang), was the fourth emperor of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries. He was the second son of Wanyan Zonggan (完顏宗幹), a son of Aguda (Emperor Taizu) (the founder of the Jin dynasty). He came to power in 1150 after overthrowing and murdering his predecessor, Emperor Xizong, in a coup d'état. During his reign, he moved the Jin capital from Shangjing (present-day Acheng District, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province) to Yanjing (present-day Beijing), and introduced a policy of sinicisation. In 1161, after the Jin dynasty lost the Battle of Caishi against the Southern Song dynasty, Digunai's subordinates rebelled against him and assassinated him. After his death, even though he ruled as an emperor during his lifetime, he was posthumously demoted to the status of a prince – "Prince Yang of Hailing" – in 1162 by his successor, Emperor Shizong. However, in 1181, Emperor Shizong further posthumously demoted him to the status of a commoner, hence he is also known as the "Commoner of Hailing".


Digunai was the second son of Woben (斡本; also known as Wanyan Zonggan 完顏宗幹), a son of Aguda (Emperor Taizu), the founder of the Jin dynasty. Emperor Taizu's brother and successor, Emperor Taizong, started a series of wars between the Jin and Song dynasties. During the reign of Emperor Xizong, who succeeded Emperor Taizong, Wanyan Zonggan was described as the most influential man in the Jin imperial court.[1]

Digunai, who was an army marshal under Emperor Xizong, overthrew the emperor in a coup d'état in 1150 and replaced him.[2] Having seized the throne through illegitimate means, Digunai was suspicious of other members of the Jurchen aristocracy, and, immediately upon taking the throne, started eliminating potential rivals. He ordered the massacre of the descendants of Emperor Taizong, so as to secure the position of the lineage of Emperor Taizu, to which he belonged.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: وان يان ليانغ
Bân-lâm-gú: Oân-gân Liāng
català: Hailing Wang
français: Wanyan Liang
한국어: 금 해릉양왕
Bahasa Indonesia: Pangeran Hailing dari Jin
日本語: 海陵王
Tiếng Việt: Hoàn Nhan Lượng
文言: 金廢帝
吴语: 迪古乃
粵語: 完顏亮
中文: 完顏亮