Wang Yinglai

Wang Yinglai
Wang Yinglai.png
Wang Yinglai at Cambridge University in 1938
Native name王应睐
Born(1907-11-13)13 November 1907
Jinmen County, Fujian, Qing China
Died5 May 2001(2001-05-05) (aged 93)
Shanghai, China
Alma materUniversity of Nanking
University of Cambridge
Known forTotal chemical synthesis of insulin and tRNA
Spouse(s)Liu Runling
AwardsSpecial Achievement Award, Miami Winter Symposium (1988)
Ho Leung Ho Lee Prize (1996)
Scientific career
FieldsBiochemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of Cambridge
Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry
Doctoral advisorDavid Keilin
Notable studentsLi Zaiping, Xu Genjun, Hong Guofan, Liu Xinyuan, Wang Enduo
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese王應睞
Simplified Chinese王应睐

Wang Yinglai (Chinese: 王应睐; 13 November 1907 – 5 May 2001), also known as Ying-Lai Wang, was a Chinese biochemist recognized as the first person to create synthetic insulin,[1][2] a major scientific breakthrough that produced a biologically active compound from inorganic chemicals.[2] He was one of the first group of scientists elected to the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1955. He founded the Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry in 1958 and served as its director until his retirement in 1984.

Early life and education

Wang was born in Jinmen County (Kinmen), Fujian Province on 13 November 1907, in the final years of the Qing dynasty.[3] He became an orphan at the age of six when his mother died.[2] His father, an Overseas Chinese merchant, had died four years before.[3] Despite the adverse circumstances, he pursued an education throughout the 1920s and 1930s, when China was mired in wars and turmoil. He graduated from the Department of Chemistry of the University of Nanking (Jinling University) and was admitted to the graduate school of the University of Cambridge in 1938, where he studied under Professor David Keilin. After obtaining his Ph.D. in 1941, Wang stayed to teach at Cambridge and conduct research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory. He transferred to the Molteno Institute for Research in Parasitology in 1944.[2]

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Wang Yinglai
粵語: 王應睞
中文: 王应睐