Volhynia

Volhynia

Волинь
Lubart's Castle (Lutsk) was the seat of the medieval princes of Volhynia.
Lubart's Castle (Lutsk) was the seat of the medieval princes of Volhynia.
Coat of arms of Volhynia
Coat of arms
Volhynia (yellow) in modern Ukraine
Volhynia (yellow) in modern Ukraine
Coordinates: 50°44′42.0″N 25°21′13.7″E / 50°44′42.0″N 25°21′13.7″E / 50.745000; 25.353806
CountryPoland, Belarus, Ukraine
RegionSoutheastern Poland, Southwestern Belarus, Western Ukraine
PartsVolyn Oblast, Rivne Oblast, Zhytomyr Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Lublin Voivodeship, Brest Region

Volhynia (ə/; Polish: Wołyń, Ukrainian: Волинь, romanizedVolyń), is a historic region in Central and Eastern Europe, situated between south-eastern Poland, south-western Belarus, and western Ukraine. While the borders of the region are not clearly defined, the territory that still carries the name is Volyn Oblast, located in western Ukraine. Volhynia has changed hands numerous times throughout history and been divided among competing powers. At one time all of Volhynia was part of the Pale of Settlement designated by Imperial Russia on its southwestern-most border.

Important cities include Lutsk, Rivne, Volodymyr-Volynskyi (Volodymyr), Iziaslav, and Novohrad-Volynskyi (Zviahel). After the annexation of Volhynia by the Russian Empire as part of the Partitions of Poland, it also included the cities of Zhytomyr, Ovruch, Korosten. The city of Zviahel was renamed Novohrad-Volynsky, and Volodymyr became Volodymyr-Volynskyi.

Names and etymology

Volynia Ukrainian: Волинь, romanizedVolýn); Polish: Wołyń, Lithuanian: Voluinė or Volynė; Czech: Volyň, Hungarian: Volhínia, German: Wolhynien [vo.ˈlyː.ni̯ən] or Wolynien [vo.ˈlyː.ni̯ən] (Volhynian German: Wolhynien/Wolhinien [vo.ˈliː.ni̯ən] or Wolynien/Wolinien [vo.ˈliː.ni̯ən]), Yiddish: װאָלין‎, romanizedVolin)

The alternative name for the region is Lodomeria after the city of Volodymyr-Volynsky (previously known as Volodymer), which was once a political capital of the medieval Volhynian Principality.

According to some historians, the region is named after a semi-legendary city of Volin or Velin, said to have been located on the Southern Bug River,[1] whose name may come from the Proto-Slavic root *vol/vel- 'wet'. In other versions, the city was located over 20 km (12 mi) to the west of Volodymyr-Volynskyi near the mouth of the Huczwa [pl] River, a tributary of the Western Bug.

Other Languages
العربية: فولينيا
беларуская: Валынь
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Валынь
български: Волиния
català: Volínia
čeština: Volyň
dansk: Volhynien
Deutsch: Wolhynien
dolnoserbski: Wołyńska
eesti: Volõõnia
español: Volinia
Esperanto: Volinio
euskara: Volinia
français: Volhynie
galego: Volinia
한국어: 볼히니아
hornjoserbsce: Wołynska
hrvatski: Volinj
Bahasa Indonesia: Volhinia
italiano: Volinia
עברית: ווהלין
Latina: Volhynia
latviešu: Volīnija
lietuvių: Voluinė
Nederlands: Wolynië
norsk: Volhynia
norsk nynorsk: Volhynia
پنجابی: ولین
polski: Wołyń
português: Volínia
română: Volânia
русиньскый: Волынь
русский: Волынь
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Volinj
suomi: Volynia
svenska: Volynien
Türkçe: Volhinya
українська: Волинь
ייִדיש: וואהלין
中文: 沃里尼亞