Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia

For other monarchs with similar names, please see Ladislaus II (disambiguation)
Vladislaus II
Duke of Bohemia
Reign1140 – 1158
PredecessorSobeslaus I
SuccessorFrederick
King of Bohemia
Reign1158 – 1172
Coronation1158, Regensburg
PredecessorVratislaus II
SuccessorOttokar I
Bornc. 1110
Bohemia
Died18 January 1174(1174-01-18) (aged 63–64)
Meerane, Germany
Burial
SpouseGertrude of Babenberg
Judith of Thuringia
Issue
Detail
Frederick, Duke of Bohemia
Adalbert III, Archbishop of Salzburg
Ottokar I, King of Bohemia
Vladislaus III, Duke of Bohemia
DynastyPřemyslid
FatherVladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
MotherRicheza of Berg
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Vladislaus II or Vladislaus I (king) (Czech: Vladislav II.,[1] c.1110 – 18 January 1174) was the second King of Bohemia from 1158. Before that, he had been Duke of Bohemia from 1140. When he abdicated in 1172, the royal title was not yet hereditary.

Vladislav was the son of Vladislav I and Richeza of Berg. He was married twice, first to Gertrude of Babenberg and then to Judith of Thuringia.

Early years

He was an adventurous youth. Having no expectation of reaching the throne during the reign of his uncle Soběslav I, he moved to Bavaria. He returned at the death of Soběslav in 1140 and, with the help of his brother-in-law, the king of Germany, Conrad III, he was elected Duke of Bohemia by the Bohemian nobility.

At first, Vladislav had to contend with the claims of his cousin, the son of Soběslav who was also named Vladislav. At Soběslav's request, Emperor Lothair II recognised the rights of his son at the Diet of Bamberg in May 1138. Then, in June, the nobility affirmed them at Sadská. Another diet at Bamberg confirmed the succession of the son of Vladislav, however, in April 1140. The local dukes Conrad II of Znojmo, Vratislaus II of Brno, and Otto III of Olomouc, gave him trouble. They were excommunicated by Jindřich Zdík, bishop of Olomouc, who was then driven out of his diocese. The territorial dukes then defeated Vladislav through treason at Vysoká on 22 April 1142, but their siege of Prague failed. Vladislav kept his throne with the assistance of Conrad III of Germany, whose half-sister Gertrude of Babenberg he married.

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