Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan Anand
Anand in 2009
Full nameAnand Vishwanathan[1]
Born (1969-12-11) 11 December 1969 (age 49)
Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu
TitleGrandmaster (1988)
World Champion2000–2002 (FIDE)
FIDE 2779 (February 2019)
RankingNo. 8 (January 2019)
Peak rankingNo. 1 (April 2007)

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster and a former World Chess Champion.

Anand became India's first grandmaster in 1988.[2] He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002, thus becoming the first Asian to do so. He became the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and defended his title against Vladimir Kramnik in 2008. He then defended his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalov and in the World Chess Championship 2012[3] against Boris Gelfand. In the World Chess Championship 2013 he lost to challenger Magnus Carlsen and lost again to Carlsen in the World Chess Championship 2014.[4] He won the World Rapid Chess Championship in 2003 and 2017.

In April 2006 Anand became the fourth player in history to pass the 2800 Elo mark on the FIDE rating list, after Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik and Veselin Topalov.[5] He occupied the number one position for 21 months, the 6th longest on record.

Anand was also the first recipient of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 1991–92, India's highest sporting honour. In 2007, he was awarded India's second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan, making him the first sportsperson to receive the award.

Early life

Viswanathan Anand was born on 11 December 1969 at Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu , India[6][7] where he grew up.[8] His father Krishnamurthy Viswanathan, a retired general manager of Southern Railways, had studied in Jamalpur, Bihar, and his mother Sushila was a housewife, chess aficionado and an influential socialite.[9]

Anand is the youngest of 3 children. He is 11 years younger than his sister and 13 years younger than his brother. His elder brother, Shivakumar, is a manager at Crompton Greaves in India and his elder sister, Anuradha, is a professor in the United States at the University of Michigan.[10][11]

Anand learned chess from age six from his mother Sushila, but learned the intricacies of the game in Manila where he lived with his parents in 1978 up to the '80s while his father was contracted as a consultant by the Philippine National Railways.[12]

Anand was educated at Don Bosco Matriculation Higher Secondary School,[13] Egmore, Chennai and holds a degree of Bachelor of Commerce from Loyola College, Chennai.[14]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Vişvanatan Anand
Bân-lâm-gú: Viswanathan Anand
беларуская: Вішванатан Ананд
Fiji Hindi: Vishwanathan Anand
Bahasa Indonesia: Viswanathan Anand
Kapampangan: Viswanathan Anand
Lëtzebuergesch: Viswanathan Anand
македонски: Вишванатан Ананд
Nederlands: Viswanathan Anand
norsk nynorsk: Viswanathan Anand
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Viswanathan Anand
Plattdüütsch: Viswanathan Anand
português: Viswanathan Anand
Ripoarisch: Viswanathan Anand
Simple English: Viswanathan Anand
slovenčina: Višvanátan Ánand
slovenščina: Višvanatan Anand
српски / srpski: Вишванатан Ананд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Višvanatan Anand
українська: Вішванатан Ананд
Tiếng Việt: Viswanathan Anand
吴语: 阿南德
粵語: 阿南德