Village

Village in Hungary, 1939
An alpine village in the Lötschental Valley, Switzerland
Hybe in Slovakia with Western Tatra mountains in background
Berber village in Ourika valley, High Atlas, Morocco
A Village of Bangladesh

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, and also for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village when it built a church.[1] In many cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them. The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and development of many trades. The trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.

Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village was small, consisting of perhaps 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds.

South Asia

India

Villages in Rajasthan, India

"The soul of India lives in its villages", declared M. K. Gandhi[2] at the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians (around 833.1 million people) live in 640,867 different villages.[3] The size of these villages varies considerably. 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following.

Afghanistan

In Afghanistan, the village, or deh (Dari/Pashto: ده)[4] is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala (Dari: قلعه, Pashto: کلي)[5], though smaller than the town, or shār (Dari: شهر, Pashto: ښار)[6]. In contrast to the qala, the deh is generally a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dorp
العربية: قرية
aragonés: Lugar
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܪܝܬܐ
armãneashti: Hoarâ
arpetan: Velâjo
авар: Росу
azərbaycanca: Kənd
تۆرکجه: کند
বাংলা: গ্রাম
Bahasa Banjar: Disa
Bân-lâm-gú: Chng-thâu
башҡортса: Ауыл
беларуская: Сяло
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сяло
भोजपुरी: गाँव
български: Село
བོད་ཡིག: གྲོང་ཚོ།
bosanski: Selo
Чӑвашла: Ял
čeština: Vesnice
Cymraeg: Pentref
dansk: Landsby
Deitsch: Schtettel
Deutsch: Dorf
eesti: Küla
Ελληνικά: Χωριό
Esperanto: Vilaĝo
euskara: Herrixka
فارسی: روستا
français: Village
Frysk: Doarp
Gaeilge: Sráidbhaile
Gaelg: Balley beg
Gagauz: Küü
Gàidhlig: Clachan
galego: Aldea
ГӀалгӀай: Юрт
ગુજરાતી: ગામ
한국어: 촌락
հայերեն: Գյուղ
हिन्दी: गाँव
hornjoserbsce: Wjes
hrvatski: Selo
Ido: Vilajo
Ilokano: Purok
Bahasa Indonesia: Desa
Iñupiak: Nunaaqqiq
Ирон: Хъæу
italiano: Villaggio
עברית: כפר
Basa Jawa: Désa
ქართული: სოფელი
қазақша: Ауыл
Kiswahili: Kijiji
коми: Сикт
kurdî: Gund
Кыргызча: Айыл
лакку: Шяравалу
Latina: Oppidulum
latviešu: Ciems
лезги: Хуьр
lietuvių: Kaimas
Limburgs: Dörp
magyar: Falu
македонски: Село
മലയാളം: ഗ്രാമം
मराठी: गाव
მარგალური: ოფუტე
Bahasa Melayu: Kampung
Baso Minangkabau: Desa
Dorerin Naoero: Tekawa kadudu
Nederlands: Dorp
Nedersaksies: Darp
नेपाली: गाउँ
नेपाल भाषा: गां
日本語: 村落
нохчийн: Эвла
norsk: Landsby
norsk nynorsk: Landsby
олык марий: Ял
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਿੰਡ
پنجابی: پنڈ
پښتو: کلی
Plattdüütsch: Dörp
polski: Wieś
português: Aldeia
Ripoarisch: Dörp
română: Sat
Romani: Gav
Runa Simi: Llaqtacha
русиньскый: Село
русский: Село
संस्कृतम्: ग्रामः
sardu: Bidda
Scots: Veelage
shqip: Fshati
සිංහල: ගම
Simple English: Village
سنڌي: ڳوٺ
slovenčina: Dedina (všeobecne)
slovenščina: Vas
ślůnski: Wieś
Soomaaliga: Tuulo
کوردی: دێ
српски / srpski: Село
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Selo
Basa Sunda: Désa
suomi: Kylä
svenska: By
Tagalog: Nayon
தமிழ்: ஊர்
татарча/tatarça: Авыл
తెలుగు: గ్రామం
тоҷикӣ: Деҳа
Türkçe: Köy
тыва дыл: Көдээ суур
українська: Село
اردو: گاؤں
Tiếng Việt: Làng
Võro: Külä
walon: Viyaedje
West-Vlams: Dorp
吴语:
ייִדיש: דארף
粵語:
Zazaki: Dew
Zeêuws: Durp
žemaitėška: Suoda
中文: