Villa of the Papyri
The Villa of the Papyri (
It is located in the current
In AD 79, the eruption of
Most of the villa is still underground, but parts have been cleared of volcanic deposits. Many of the finds are displayed in the
Sited a few hundred metres from the nearest house in
It has recently been ascertained that the height of the main floor in antiquity was no less than 16 m (52 ft) above sea level, and the villa had four architectural levels underneath the main floor, arranged in terraces overlooking the sea.
The villa's layout is faithful to, but enlarges upon, the architectural scheme of suburban villas in the country around Pompeii. The
The living and reception quarters were grouped around the porticoes and terraces, giving occupants ample sunlight and a view of the countryside and sea. In the living quarters, bath installations were brought to light, and the library of rolled and carbonised papyri placed inside wooden capsae, some of them on ordinary wooden shelves and around the walls and some on the two sides of a set of shelves in the middle of the room.
The grounds included a large area of covered and uncovered gardens for walks in the shade or in the warmth of the sun. The gardens included a gallery of busts,