Vijayanta

Vijayanta
AB133 - Vijayanta MBT.JPG
Vijayanta MBT outside the Indian National War Memorial (Maharashtra).
TypeMain battle tank
Place of originUnited Kingdom/India
Service history
In service1965–2008
Used byIndia
WarsIndo-Pakistani War of 1971
Operation Blue Star
Production history
ManufacturerVickers-Armstrongs
Produced1963 (Vickers Mk.I prototype)
1965-1986 (Vijayanta production)
No. built2200
Specifications
Weight39,000 kg (43 short tons)
Length9.788 m (32.11 ft)
Width3.168 m (10.39 ft)
Height2.711 m (8.89 ft)
Crew4

Armour80 mm (3.1 in) steel (hull and turret front)
Main
armament
1 x 105 mm L7A2
(44 rounds)
Secondary
armament
1 x 12.7 mm MG (ranging gun)
(1000 rounds)
1 x 12.7 mm MG (pintle mount)
(2000 rounds)
1 x 7.62 mm MG(Co-Ax)
(500 rounds)
EngineLeyland L60 Diesel
535 bhp (399 kW)
TransmissionDavid Brown Ltd. (formerly Self-Changing Gears Ltd.) TN12 semi-automatic gearbox
SuspensionTorsion bar
Operational
range
530 km (330 mi)
Speed50 km/h (31 mph)

The Vijayanta (en: "Victorious")[1] was a main battle tank built in India based on a licensed design of the Vickers Mk.1. The Vijayanta was the first indigenous tank of the Indian Army. The prototype was completed in 1963 and the tank entered service in 1965. The first 90 vehicles were built by Vickers in the UK.[2] Production continued at the Heavy Vehicles Factory in Avadi until 1983 with 2,200 being built (other sources give much lower numbers: 1,600-1,800[3]). A number of the tank hulls were converted to other uses such as self-propelled guns after being withdrawn from service.[4] The Vijayanta has been supplemented by the T-72M1 in Indian service.

Upgrades

70 Vijayanta Mark 1 tanks were later fitted with Marconi's SFCS 600 fire control system; an option for 70 additional systems was not exercised.[5] Under the "Bison" project there have been several attempts to upgrade the Vijayanta fleet with additional armour (the Kanchan advanced composite armour as found on the Arjun tank), a new engine (the T-72's V-84 of 780 hp), a new fire control system (the SUV-T55A), a land navigation system etc. It was planned to upgrade some 1,100 tanks but it appears that eventually only a small number was upgraded, only partially.[3][6] Known versions include the Vijayanta Mark 1A with the Bharat Electronics Tank Fire-Control System AL 4420 with improved sight mounts and muzzle reference system.[3][6] The Vijayanta Mark 1B was fitted with the AL 4421 system which incorporates a British Barr & Stroud Tank Laser Sight and a computer to increase first round hit probability. The Vijayanta Mark 1C and Vijayanta Mark 2 were the latest upgrades.

The Vijayanta was to be phased out by the Indian Army by 2008 (the decision to phase out 296 "pre Mark 1A tanks" was already taken in 1997[7]). In 1997 the plan to repower the Vijayanta was shelved.[6] The overhauling of the fleet was discontinued from the year 1999–2000 as the withdrawal from service of the Vijayanta had already been approved. Bulk production of Vijayanta spares ended in 1989.[7][8]

Other Languages
العربية: فايايانتا
čeština: Vijayanta
Deutsch: Vijayanta
polski: Vijayanta
português: Vijayanta
русский: Виджаянта
svenska: Vijayanta
українська: Віджаянта
粵語: 勝利坦克