Vietnam ( /, : UK / : US (; ) listen  : Vietnamese Việt Nam pronounced [vîət nāːm] (), officially the ) listen Socialist Republic of Vietnam ( : Vietnamese Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the . With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016 , it is the world's Indochina Peninsula , and the 15th-most-populous country . Vietnam is bordered by ninth-most-populous Asian country to the north, China to the northwest, Laos to the southwest, Cambodia across the Thailand to the southwest, and the Gulf of Thailand , Philippines and Malaysia across the Indonesia to the east and southeast. South China Sea Its [d] has been capital city since the Hanoi of reunification and North in 1976, with South Vietnam as the most populous city. Ho Chi Minh City
The northern part of Vietnam was part of
for over a millennium, from 111 BC to AD 939. An independent Vietnamese state was formed in 939, following a Vietnamese victory in the Imperial China . Successive Battle of Bạch Đằng River flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was Vietnamese imperial dynasties in the mid-19th century. colonized by the French
in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the Japanese occupation . On 2 September 1945 President First Indochina War declared Vietnam's independence from France under the new name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In 1954, the Vietnamese declared victory in the Hồ Chí Minh , which took place between March and May 1954 and culminated in a major French defeat. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, Battle of Dien Bien Phu (officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and North Vietnam (officially the Republic of Vietnam). Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the South Vietnam , with Vietnam War on the side of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973. The war ended with a heavy intervention by the United States in 1975. North Vietnamese victory
Vietnam was then unified under a
but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the Communist government initiated a series of Communist Party of Vietnam that began Vietnam's path toward integration into the world economy. economic and political reforms By 2000, it had established  with all nations. Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world, diplomatic relations and, in 2011, it had the highest  among 11 major economies. Global Growth Generators Index Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the  in 2007. Vietnam is a member of the World Trade Organization , Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation . Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie
Việt Nam ( Vietnamese pronunciation: ) is a variation of [viə̀t naːm] ( Nam Việt : Chinese ; 南越 : pinyin ; literally "Southern Nányuè Việt"), a name that can be traced back to the of the 2nd century BC. Triệu dynasty The word  Việt originated as a shortened form of ( Bách Việt : Chinese ; 百越 : pinyin ), a group of people then living in southern China and Vietnam. Bǎiyuè The form "Vietnam" (  ) is first recorded in the 16th-century oracular poem 越南 . The name has also been found on 12 Sấm Trạng Trình carved in the 16th and 17th centuries, including one at Bao Lam Pagoda in steles that dates to 1558. Haiphong
established the Nguyễn Phúc Ánh , and in the second year, he asked the Qing Emperor Nguyễn dynasty to confer him the title 'King of Nam Viet/Nanyue' ( Jiaqing 南越 in Chinese), but the of Qing dynasty pointed out that the name Nam Viet/Nanyue includes regions of Grand Secretariat and Guangxi in China.
Between 1804 and 1813, the name was used officially by Emperor
. Gia Long It was revived in the early 20th century by [e] 's Phan Bội Châu , and later by the History of the Loss of Vietnam . Vietnamese Nationalist Party The country was usually called Annam until 1945, when both the  in imperial government and the Huế government in Hanoi adopted Viet Minh Việt Nam.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: