Vietnam ( : Vietnamese Việt Nam pronounced [vîət nāːm] (), officially the ) listen Socialist Republic of Vietnam ( : Vietnamese Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the . With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016 , it is the Indochina Peninsula . Vietnam shares its land borders with 15th most populous country in the world to the north, and China and Laos to the west. It shares its maritime borders with Cambodia through the Thailand , and the Gulf of Thailand , Philippines and Indonesia through the Malaysia . South China Sea Its [n 4] is capital city , while its most populous city is Hanoi . Ho Chi Minh City
Archaeological excavations indicate that Vietnam was inhabited as early as the
age. The ancient Vietnamese nation was annexed by Paleolithic in the 2nd century BC, which subsequently made Vietnam a division of China for over a millennium. The first independent China emerged in the 10th century AD, paving the way for successive imperial dynasties as the nation expanded geographically southward until the Indochina Peninsula was monarchy in the mid-19th century. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Declaration of Independence from France in 1945. Following Vietnamese victory against the French in the colonised by the French , which ended in 1954, the nation was divided into two rival states: communist First Indochina War and anti-communist North . Conflicts intensified in the South , which saw Vietnam War in support of South Vietnam and ended with extensive US intervention in 1975. North Vietnamese victory
After North and South Vietnam were reunified under a
unitary government in 1976, the country became economically and politically isolated until 1986, when the socialist initiated a series of Communist Party that facilitated Vietnamese integration into world politics and the global economy. As a result of the successful reforms, Vietnam has enjoyed a high GDP growth rate, consistently ranked among the economic and political reforms , although it faces challenges including fastest-growing countries in the world , poverty and inadequate social welfare. By 2010, Vietnam had established corruption with 178 countries. It is a member of the diplomatic relations , UN , ASEAN , APEC and the WTO (OIF). Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie
Việt Nam ( Vietnamese pronunciation: ) is a variation of [viə̀t naːm] ( Nam Việt : Chinese ; 南越 : pinyin ; literally "Southern Nányuè Việt"), a name that can be traced back to the of the 2nd century BC. The word Triệu dynasty Việt originated as a shortened form of ( Bách Việt : Chinese ; 百越 : pinyin ), a group of people then living in southern China and Vietnam. The form "Vietnam" ( Bǎiyuè ) is first recorded in the 16th-century oracular poem 越南 . The name has also been found on 12 Sấm Trạng Trình carved in the 16th and 17th centuries, including one at Bao Lam Pagoda in steles that dates to 1558. In 1802, Hải Phòng (who later become Emperor Gia Long) established the Nguyễn Phúc Ánh . In the second year of his rule he asked the Nguyễn dynasty of the Jiaqing Emperor to confer him the title 'King of Nam Viet/Nanyue' ( Qing dynasty 南越 in Chinese) after seizing power in Annam. The Emperor refused since the name was related to 's Nanyue which included the regions of Zhao Tuo and Guangxi in southern China. Therefore, the Qing Emperor decided to call the area "Viet Nam" instead. Guangdong Between 1804 and 1813, the name Vietnam was used officially by Emperor Gia Long. [n 5] It was revived in the early 20th century by [n 5] 's Phan Bội Châu , and later by the History of the Loss of Vietnam (VNQDĐ). The country was usually called Annam until 1945, when both the Vietnamese Nationalist Party in imperial government and the Huế government in Hanoi adopted Việt Minh Việt Nam.
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