Schönbrunn Palace
Vienna City Hall, Rathaus
Austrian Parliament
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Hofburg Palace
Donau City
Flag of Vienna
Official seal of Vienna
Vienna is located in Austria
Location within Austria
Vienna is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200; 16.367
Country Austria
 • BodyGemeinderat and Landtag of Vienna
 • Mayor and GovernorMichael Ludwig (SPÖ)
 • Vice-Mayors
 • Capital city and state414.8 km2 (160.2 sq mi)
 • Land395.26 km2 (152.61 sq mi)
 • Water19.39 km2 (7.49 sq mi)
151 (Lobau) – 542 (Hermannskogel) m (495–1,778 ft)
 • Capital city and state1,888,776
 • Rank1st in Austria (7th in EU)
 • Density4,326.1/km2 (11,205/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Ethnicity[3][4]
61.2% Austrian
38.8% Other
 Statistik Austria,[5] VCÖ – Mobilität mit Zukunft[6]
Demonym(s)Viennese (Wiener)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
HDI (2017)0.936[8]
very high · 1st
GDP (Nominal)€94 billion (2017)[9]
GDP per capita€50,000 (2017)[10]
Seats in the Federal Council
11 / 61
Logo City of Vienna.svg

Official nameHistoric Centre of Vienna
Criteriaii, iv, vi
Designated2001 (25th 1033
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
Endangered2017 (2017)–present[11]

Vienna (ə/ (About this soundlisten);[12][13] German: Wien [viːn] (About this soundlisten)) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million[3] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[6] nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants.[14] Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin.[15][16] Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants.[citation needed] In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.[17]

Apart from being regarded as the City of Music[18] because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be "The City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychoanalyst – Sigmund Freud.[19] The city's roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, and then the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is well known for having played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.[20]

Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver and San Francisco) for the world's most liveable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne.[21][22][23][24][25] In 2018, it replaced Melbourne as the number one spot.[26] For ten consecutive years (2009–2019), the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world.[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34] Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within."[35][36][37][38][39]

The UN-Habitat classified Vienna as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012/2013.[40] The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.[41][42][43] Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case study by urban planners.[44]

Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions.[45] It attracts over 6.8 million tourists a year.[46]


The English name Vienna is borrowed from the homonymous Italian version of the city's name or the French Vienne. The etymology of the city's name is still subject to scholarly dispute. Some claim that the name comes from Vedunia, meaning "forest stream", which subsequently produced the Old High German Uuenia (Wenia in modern writing), the New High German Wien and its dialectal variant Wean.[47]

Others believe that the name comes from the Roman settlement name of Celtic extraction Vindobona, probably meaning "fair village, white settlement" from Celtic roots, vindo-, meaning "bright" or "fair" – as in the Irish fionn and the Welsh gwyn –, and -bona "village, settlement".[48] The Celtic word Vindos may reflect a widespread prehistorical cult of Vindos, a Celtic God. A variant of this Celtic name could be preserved in the Czech, Slovak and Polish names of the city (Vídeň, Viedeň and Wiedeń respectively) and in that of the city's district Wieden.[49]

The name of the city in Hungarian (Bécs), Serbo-Croatian (Beč) and Ottoman Turkish (Beç) has a different, probably Slavonic origin, and originally referred to an Avar fort in the area.[50] Slovene-speakers call the city Dunaj, which in other Central European Slavic languages means the Danube River, on which the city stands.

Other Languages
Acèh: Wina
адыгабзэ: Венэ
Afrikaans: Wene
Akan: Vienna
Alemannisch: Wien
አማርኛ: ቪየና
Ænglisc: Uigenna
Аҧсшәа: Вена
العربية: فيينا
aragonés: Viena
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܝܝܢܐ
armãneashti: Viena
অসমীয়া: ভিয়েনা
asturianu: Viena
Avañe'ẽ: Viéna
авар: Вена
Aymar aru: Wien
azərbaycanca: Vyana
تۆرکجه: وین
bamanankan: Vienna
বাংলা: ভিয়েনা
Bân-lâm-gú: Wien
башҡортса: Вена
беларуская: Вена
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вена
Bikol Central: Vienna
Bislama: Vienna
български: Виена
Boarisch: Wean
བོད་ཡིག: ཝི་ཨེ་ན།
bosanski: Beč
brezhoneg: Vienna
буряад: Венэ
català: Viena
Чӑвашла: Вена
Cebuano: Viena
čeština: Vídeň
Chamoru: Vienna
Chi-Chewa: Vienna
chiShona: Vienna
corsu: Vienna
Cymraeg: Fienna
dansk: Wien
davvisámegiella: Wien
Deitsch: Wien
Deutsch: Wien
dolnoserbski: Wien
डोटेली: भियना
eesti: Viin
Ελληνικά: Βιέννη
эрзянь: Вена ош
español: Viena
Esperanto: Vieno
estremeñu: Viena
euskara: Viena
eʋegbe: Vienna
فارسی: وین
Fiji Hindi: Vienna
føroyskt: Wien
Frysk: Wenen
furlan: Viene
Gaeilge: Vín
Gaelg: Veen
Gagauz: Vena
Gàidhlig: Vienna
galego: Viena
ГӀалгӀай: Вена
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Wien
Hausa: Vienna
հայերեն: Վիեննա
हिन्दी: वियना
hornjoserbsce: Wien
hrvatski: Beč
Ido: Wien
Ilokano: Vienna
Bahasa Indonesia: Wina
interlingua: Vienna
Interlingue: Vienna
Ирон: Венæ
italiano: Vienna
עברית: וינה
Basa Jawa: Wina
Kabɩyɛ: Fɩyɛɛnɩ
kalaallisut: Wien
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಿಯೆನ್ನ
къарачай-малкъар: Вена
ქართული: ვენა
қазақша: Вена
kernowek: Wien
Kiswahili: Vienna
коми: Вена
Kreyòl ayisyen: Vyèn
kurdî: Viyana
Кыргызча: Вена
кырык мары: Вена
Ladino: Viena
لۊری شومالی: ڤیٱن
Latina: Vindobona
latviešu: Vīne
Lëtzebuergesch: Wien
лезги: Вена
lietuvių: Viena
Ligure: Vienna
Limburgs: Wene
lingála: Viɛnɛ
Lingua Franca Nova: Wien
Livvinkarjala: Vena
lumbaart: Viena
magyar: Bécs
मैथिली: विएना
македонски: Виена
മലയാളം: വിയന്ന
Malti: Vjenna
Māori: Whiena
मराठी: व्हियेना
მარგალური: ვენა
مصرى: ڤيينا
مازِرونی: وین
Bahasa Melayu: Vienna
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Vienna
монгол: Вена
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗီယင်နာမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Vienna
Nederlands: Wenen
Nedersaksies: Wienen
नेपाली: भियना
नेपाल भाषा: भियना
日本語: ウィーン
нохчийн: Вена
Nordfriisk: Wien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Wienna
norsk: Wien
norsk nynorsk: Wien
Novial: Wien
олык марий: Вена
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଭିଏନା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vena (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਆਨਾ
پنجابی: ویآنا
Papiamentu: Viena
پښتو: وين
Перем Коми: Вин
Piemontèis: Vien-a
Plattdüütsch: Wien (Stadt)
polski: Wiedeń
português: Viena
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vena
qırımtatarca: Viyana
română: Viena
Romani: Bech
rumantsch: Vienna
Runa Simi: Wien
русиньскый: Відень
русский: Вена
саха тыла: Вена
sardu: Vienna
Scots: Vienna
Seeltersk: Wien (Stääd)
Sesotho: Vienna
shqip: Vjena
sicilianu: Vienna
Simple English: Vienna
slovenčina: Viedeň
slovenščina: Dunaj
ślůnski: Wjedyń
Soomaaliga: Fiyena
کوردی: ڤیێنا
српски / srpski: Беч
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Beč
suomi: Wien
svenska: Wien
Tagalog: Vienna
தமிழ்: வியன்னா
tarandíne: Vienne
татарча/tatarça: Вена шәһәре
తెలుగు: వియన్నా
тоҷикӣ: Вена
Türkçe: Viyana
Türkmençe: Wena
Twi: Wien
тыва дыл: Вена
удмурт: Вена
українська: Відень
اردو: ویانا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wyéna
vèneto: Viena
vepsän kel’: Ven
Tiếng Việt: Viên
Volapük: Wien
Võro: Viin
walon: Wîne
文言: 維也納
West-Vlams: Weenn
Winaray: Vienna
Wolof: Wiyen
吴语: 维也纳
ייִדיש: וויען
Yorùbá: Fienna
粵語: 維也納
Zazaki: Wiyana
žemaitėška: Viena
中文: 維也納