Vidhan Sabha

The State Legislative Assembly or the Vidhan Sabha is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature in the different states of India.[1] The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories, Delhi and Puducherry.[citation needed] The upper house in the seven states[citation needed] with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad, equivalent to the Senate of the United States or the House of Lords of the United Kingdom. Members of a State Legislative Assembly are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not fewer than 60 members. However, the size of the State Legislative Assembly can be fewer than 59 members through an Act of Parliament: such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry. In some states the Governor may appoint 1 member to Governors) to State Legislative Assembly are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs. Each State Legislative Assembly for a five-year term, after which all seats are up for election. During a state of emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not by more than six months at a time. A State Legislative Assembly can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition.

Qualifications required to become a member

To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age. He or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he or she is a member of the stronger political party

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council ('Legislative Council'), except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Other Languages
বাংলা: বিধানসভা
français: Vidhan Sabha
ગુજરાતી: વિધાન સભા
हिन्दी: विधान सभा
Bahasa Indonesia: Vidhan Sabha
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವಿಧಾನ ಸಭೆ
മലയാളം: നിയമസഭ
मराठी: विधानसभा
తెలుగు: శాసనసభ
Tiếng Việt: Vidhan Sabha