State of Vermont
Flag of VermontState seal of Vermont
The Green Mountain State
Motto(s): Freedom and Unity and Stella quarta decima fulgeat (May the 14th star shine bright)
State song(s): "These Green Mountains"
Map of the United States with Vermont highlighted
Largest cityBurlington
Largest metroGreater Burlington
AreaRanked 45th
 • Total9,616 sq mi
(24,923 km2)
 • Width80 miles (130 km)
 • Length160 miles (260 km)
 • % water4.1
 • Latitude42° 44′ N to 45° 1′ N
 • Longitude71° 28′ W to 73° 26′ W
PopulationRanked 49th
 • Total626,299 (2018)
 • Density67.7/sq mi  (26.1/km2)
Ranked 30th
 • Median household income$57,513[1] (28th)
 • Highest pointMount Mansfield[2][3][4]
4,395 ft (1340 m)
 • Mean1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lowest pointLake Champlain[3][4]
95 to 100 ft (29 to 30 m)
Before statehoodVermont Republic
Admitted to the UnionMarch 4, 1791 (14th)
GovernorPhil Scott (R)
Lieutenant GovernorDavid Zuckerman (P)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatrick Leahy (D)
Bernie Sanders (I)[5]
U.S. House delegationPeter Welch (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
Vermont state symbols
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont state seal.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianNorthern leopard frog
Rana pipiens
BirdHermit thrush
Catharus guttatus
FishBrook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Sander vitreous vitreous
FlowerRed clover
Trifolium pratense
InsectWestern honey bee
Apis mellifera
MammalMorgan horse
ReptilePainted turtle
TreeSugar maple
Acer saccharum
Inanimate insignia
FoodApple pie
FossilBeluga whale[6]
GemstoneGrossular garnet
RockGranite, marble, slate
State route marker
Vermont state route marker
State quarter
Vermont quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

Vermont (ɜːr-/ (About this soundlisten))[7] is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders the U.S. states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the second-smallest by population and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the least populous state capital in the United States. The most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state. As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States.[8] In crime statistics, it was ranked as the safest state in the country in 2016.[9]

For thousands of years, indigenous peoples, including the Mohawk and the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki, occupied much of the territory that is now Vermont and was later claimed by France's colony of New France. France ceded the territory to Great Britain after being defeated in 1763 in the Seven Years' War. Thereafter, the nearby colonies, especially the provinces of New Hampshire and New York, disputed the extent of the area called the New Hampshire Grants to the west of the Connecticut River, encompassing present-day Vermont. The provincial government of New York sold land grants to settlers in the region, which conflicted with earlier grants from the government of New Hampshire. The Green Mountain Boys militia protected the interests of the established New Hampshire land grant settlers against the newly arrived settlers with land titles granted by New York.

Ultimately, a group of settlers with New Hampshire land grant titles established the Vermont Republic in 1777 as an independent state during the American Revolutionary War. The Vermont Republic partially abolished slavery before any of the other states.[10][11] Vermont was admitted to the newly established United States as the fourteenth state in 1791. Vermont is one of only four U.S. states that were previously sovereign states (along with California, Hawaii, Texas, and many Native American nations), given that the original 13 states were former colonies. During the mid 19th century, Vermont was a strong source of abolitionist sentiment and sent a significant contingent of soldiers to participate in the American Civil War. Protestants (30%) and Catholics (22%) make up the majority of those reporting a religious preference with 37% reporting no religion. Other religions individually contribute no more than 2% to the total.

The geography of the state is marked by the Green Mountains, which run north–south up the middle of the state, separating Lake Champlain and other valley terrain on the west from the Connecticut River valley that defines much of its eastern border. A majority of its terrain is forested with hardwoods and conifers. A majority of its open land is in agriculture. The state's climate is characterized by warm, humid summers and cold, snowy winters.

Vermont's economic activity of $26 billion in 2010 caused it to rank 34th in gross state product. It has been ranked 42nd as a state in which to do business. In 1960, Vermonters' politics started to shift from being reliably Republican towards favoring more liberal and progressive candidates. Starting in 1963, voters have alternated between choosing Republican and Democratic governors; they have sent only Democrats (or independents) to Congress since 2007. Voters have consistently chosen Democrats for president since 1992. In 2000, the state legislature was the first to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples.


The origin of the name "Vermont" is uncertain, but likely comes from the French Les Monts Verts, meaning "the Green Mountains".[12] Thomas Young introduced it in 1777.[13] In 1913, the Secretary of State of Vermont speculated that the archaic French term Mont Verd (green mountain) may have inspired Young.[14] Another source points out the predominance of mica-quartz-chlorite schist, a green-hued metamorphosed shale, as a possible reason.[15] The Green Mountains form a north–south spine running most of the length of the state, slightly west of its center. In the southwest portion of the state are located the Taconic Mountains.[16] In the northwest, near Lake Champlain, is the fertile Champlain Valley. In the south of the valley is Lake Bomoseen.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vermont
አማርኛ: ቬርሞንት
Ænglisc: Vermont
العربية: فيرمونت
aragonés: Vermont
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܝܪܡܘܢܬ
arpetan: Vèrmont
asturianu: Vermont
Avañe'ẽ: Vermont
Aymar aru: Vermont suyu
azərbaycanca: Vermont
বাংলা: ভার্মন্ট
Bân-lâm-gú: Vermont
башҡортса: Вермонт
беларуская: Вермонт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вэрмонт
भोजपुरी: वरमोंट
Bikol Central: Vermont
Bislama: Vermont
български: Върмонт
Boarisch: Vermont
bosanski: Vermont
brezhoneg: Vermont
буряад: Вермонт
català: Vermont
Чӑвашла: Вермонт
Cebuano: Vermont
čeština: Vermont
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Vermont
corsu: Vermont
Cymraeg: Vermont
dansk: Vermont
davvisámegiella: Vermont
Deitsch: Vermont
Deutsch: Vermont
eesti: Vermont
Ελληνικά: Βερμόντ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Vermònt
español: Vermont
Esperanto: Vermonto
euskara: Vermont
فارسی: ورمانت
Fiji Hindi: Vermont
føroyskt: Vermont
français: Vermont
Frysk: Fermont
Gaeilge: Vermont
Gaelg: Vermont
Gagauz: Vermont
Gàidhlig: Vermont
galego: Vermont
ગુજરાતી: વર્મોન્ટ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Vermont
хальмг: Вермонт
한국어: 버몬트주
Hausa: Vermont
Hawaiʻi: Welemoneka
հայերեն: Վերմոնտ
हिन्दी: वरमॉण्ट
hrvatski: Vermont
Ido: Vermont
Igbo: Vermont
Ilokano: Vermont
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ভার্মন্ট
Bahasa Indonesia: Vermont
interlingua: Vermont
Interlingue: Vermont
Iñupiak: Vermont
Ирон: Вермонт
isiZulu: Vermont
íslenska: Vermont
italiano: Vermont
עברית: ורמונט
Basa Jawa: Vermont
Kabɩyɛ: Fɛrmɔɔn
Kapampangan: Vermont
ქართული: ვერმონტი
қазақша: Вермонт
kernowek: Vermont
Kiswahili: Vermont
Kreyòl ayisyen: Vèmont
kurdî: Vermont
кырык мары: Вермонт
Ladino: Vermont
لۊری شومالی: ڤئرمونت
Latina: Mons Viridis
latviešu: Vērmonta
Lëtzebuergesch: Vermont
lietuvių: Vermontas
Ligure: Vermont
Limburgs: Vermont
Lingua Franca Nova: Vermont
lumbaart: Vermont
magyar: Vermont
मैथिली: भर्मांट
македонски: Вермонт
Malagasy: Vermont
മലയാളം: വെർമോണ്ട്
Māori: Vermont
मराठी: व्हरमाँट
მარგალური: ვერმონტი
مصرى: فيرمونت
مازِرونی: ورمونت
Bahasa Melayu: Vermont
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Vermont
монгол: Вермонт
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗားမောင့်ပြည်နယ်
Dorerin Naoero: Vermont
Nederlands: Vermont
नेपाली: भर्मांट
नेपाल भाषा: भर्मोन्त
нохчийн: Вермонт
Nordfriisk: Vermont
norsk: Vermont
norsk nynorsk: Vermont
occitan: Vermont
олык марий: Вермонт
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vermont
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਰਮਾਂਟ
پنجابی: ورمونٹ
Papiamentu: Vermont
Piemontèis: Vermont
Tok Pisin: Vemont
Plattdüütsch: Vermont
polski: Vermont
português: Vermont
română: Vermont
rumantsch: Vermont
Runa Simi: Vermont suyu
русский: Вермонт
саха тыла: Вермонт
संस्कृतम्: वर्मांट
sardu: Vermont
Scots: Vermont
Seeltersk: Vermont
shqip: Vermont
sicilianu: Vermont
Simple English: Vermont
slovenčina: Vermont
slovenščina: Vermont
ślůnski: Vermont
کوردی: ڤێرمۆنت
српски / srpski: Вермонт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vermont
suomi: Vermont
svenska: Vermont
Tagalog: Vermont
Taqbaylit: Vermont
татарча/tatarça: Вермонт
తెలుగు: వెర్మాంట్
Türkçe: Vermont
українська: Вермонт
اردو: ورمونٹ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wérmont Shitati
vèneto: Vermont
Tiếng Việt: Vermont
Volapük: Vermont
文言: 佛蒙特州
Winaray: Vermont
吴语: 佛蒙特
ייִדיש: ווערמאנט
Yorùbá: Fermont
粵語: 佛蒙特州
Zazaki: Vermont
žemaitėška: Vermuonts
中文: 佛蒙特州