Venice

Venice

Venezia  (Italian) · Venesia  (Venetian)
Comune di Venezia
A collage of Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, followed by a view of the city, then the Grand Canal and interior of La Fenice, as well as the island of San Giorgio Maggiore.
A collage of Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, followed by a view of the city, then the Grand Canal and interior of La Fenice, as well as the island of San Giorgio Maggiore.
Coat of arms of Venice
Coat of arms
Location of Venice
Venice is located in Italy
Venice
Venice
Location of Venice in Veneto
Venice is located in Veneto
Venice
Venice
Venice (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750; 12.33583
Venice and its Lagoon
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Panorama of Canal Grande and Ponte di Rialto, Venice - September 2017.jpg
Venice in autumn, with the Rialto Bridge in the background
394
Inscription1987 (11th Session)

Venice (s/, VEN-iss; Italian: Venezia [veˈnɛttsja] (About this soundlisten); Venetian: Venesia, Venexia [veˈnɛsja]) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region. It is situated on a group of 118 small islands[3] that are separated by canals and linked by over 400 bridges.[3][4] The islands are located in the shallow Venetian Lagoon, an enclosed bay that lies between the mouths of the Po and the Piave rivers (more exactly between the Brenta and the Sile). In 2018, 260,897 people resided in the Comune di Venezia, of whom around 55,000 live in the historical city of Venice (centro storico). Together with Padua and Treviso, the city is included in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area (PATREVE), which is considered a statistical metropolitan area, with a total population of 2.6 million.[5]

The name is derived from the ancient Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century BC.[6][7] The city was historically the capital of the Republic of Venice for a millennium and more, from 697 to 1797. It was a major financial and maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as an important center of commerce—especially silk, grain, and spice, and of art from the 13th century to the end of the 17th. The city-state of Venice is considered to have been the first real international financial center, emerging in the 9th century and reaching its greatest prominence in the 14th century.[8] This made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history.[9] After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, following a referendum held as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence.

Venice has been known as "La Dominante", "La Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Masks", "City of Bridges", "The Floating City", and "City of Canals". The lagoon and a part of the city are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Parts of Venice are renowned for the beauty of their settings, their architecture, and artwork.[3] Venice is known for several important artistic movements—especially during the Renaissance period—has played an important role in the history of symphonic and operatic music, and is the birthplace of Antonio Vivaldi.[10] Although the city is facing some major challenges (including financial difficulties, pollution, an excessive number of tourists and problems caused by cruise ships sailing close to the buildings),[11][12][13] Venice remains a very popular tourist destination, an iconic Italian city, and has been ranked the most beautiful city in the world.[14][15]

Etymology

The name of the city, deriving from Latin forms Venetia and Venetiae, is most likely taken from "Venetia et Histria", the Roman name of Regio X of Roman Italy, but applied to the coastal part of the region that remained under Roman Empire outside of Gothic, Lombard, and Frankish control. The name Venetia, however, derives from the Roman name for the people known as the Veneti, and called by the Greeks Enetoi (Ἐνετοί). The meaning of the word is uncertain, although there are other Indo-European tribes with similar-sounding names, such as the Celtic Veneti and the Slavic Vistula Veneti. Linguists suggest that the name is based on an Indo-European root *wen ("love"), so that *wenetoi would mean "beloved", "lovable", or "friendly". A connection with the Latin word venetus, meaning the color 'sea-blue', is also possible. Supposed connections of Venetia with the Latin verb venire (to come), such as Marin Sanudo's veni etiam ("Yet, I have come!"), the supposed cry of the first refugees to the Venetian lagoon from the mainland, or even with venia ("forgiveness") are fanciful. The alternative obsolete form is Vinegia [viˈnɛːdʒa];[16] (Venetian: Venèxia [veˈnɛzja]; Latin: Venetiae; Slovene: Benetke; Croatian: Venecija).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Venesië
Alemannisch: Venedig
አማርኛ: ቬኒስ
Ænglisc: Venetia
Аҧсшәа: Уанаҿа
العربية: البندقية
aragonés: Venecia
asturianu: Venecia
Aymar aru: Venezia
azərbaycanca: Venesiya
تۆرکجه: ونیز
বাংলা: ভেনিস
Bân-lâm-gú: Venezia
беларуская: Венецыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вэнэцыя
Bikol Central: Venice
български: Венеция
Boarisch: Venedig
བོད་ཡིག: ཝེ་ནེ་ཟི་ཡ།
bosanski: Venecija
brezhoneg: Venezia
català: Venècia
Чӑвашла: Венеци
Cebuano: Venecia
čeština: Benátky
corsu: Venezia
Cymraeg: Fenis
dansk: Venedig
Deutsch: Venedig
eesti: Veneetsia
Ελληνικά: Βενετία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Venêzia
español: Venecia
Esperanto: Venecio
estremeñu: Venécia
euskara: Venezia
فارسی: ونیز
føroyskt: Venesia
français: Venise
furlan: Vignesie
Gaeilge: An Veinéis
Gàidhlig: Venezia
galego: Venecia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Venezia
한국어: 베네치아
հայերեն: Վենետիկ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Վենետիկ
हिन्दी: वेनिस
hrvatski: Venecija
Ido: Venezia
Bahasa Indonesia: Venesia
interlingua: Venetia
Interlingue: Venezia
Ирон: Венеци
íslenska: Feneyjar
italiano: Venezia
עברית: ונציה
Jawa: Venesia
Kabɩyɛ: Feeniizi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ವೆನಿಸ್‌
ქართული: ვენეცია
kaszëbsczi: Wenecjô
қазақша: Венеция
kernowek: Venis
Kiswahili: Venezia
коми: Венеция
kurdî: Wênîs
Кыргызча: Венеция
Ladino: Venezia
Latina: Venetiae
latviešu: Venēcija
Lëtzebuergesch: Venedeg
lietuvių: Venecija
Ligure: Venessia
Limburgs: Venetië
Lingua Franca Nova: Venezia
lumbaart: Venèzia
मैथिली: भेनिस
македонски: Венеција
മലയാളം: വെനീസ്
मराठी: व्हेनिस
მარგალური: ვენეცია
مصرى: فينيسيا
Bahasa Melayu: Venice
монгол: Венец
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗင်းနစ်မြို့
Nederlands: Venetië (stad)
Nedersaksies: Venies
नेपाली: भेनिस
नेपाल भाषा: भेनिस
Napulitano: Venezia
нохчийн: Венеци
Nordfriisk: Venedig
norsk: Venezia
norsk nynorsk: Venezia
Nouormand: V'nise
occitan: Venècia
олык марий: Венеций
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Venesiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵੈਨਿਸ
پنجابی: وینس
Papiamentu: Venezia
Picard: Venise
Piemontèis: Venessia
polski: Wenecja
português: Veneza
Qaraqalpaqsha: Vinetsiya
română: Veneția
Runa Simi: Venezia
русский: Венеция
саха тыла: Венеция
संस्कृतम्: वेनिस
sardu: Venetzia
Scots: Venice
shqip: Venecia
sicilianu: Vinezzia
Simple English: Venice
slovenčina: Benátky
slovenščina: Benetke
ślůnski: Wynecyjo
کوردی: ڤێنیز
српски / srpski: Венеција
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Venecija
suomi: Venetsia
svenska: Venedig
தமிழ்: வெனிசு
tarandíne: Venezia
татарча/tatarça: Венеция
తెలుగు: వెనిస్
ไทย: เวนิส
тоҷикӣ: Венетсия
Türkçe: Venedik
Twi: Venezia
удмурт: Венеция
українська: Венеція
اردو: وینس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Wénitsiye
vèneto: Venesia
vepsän kel’: Venecii
Tiếng Việt: Venezia
Volapük: Venezia
文言: 威尼斯
Winaray: Venesya
吴语: 威尼斯
ייִדיש: ווענעציע
粵語: 威尼斯
Zazaki: Venedik
Zeêuws: Venetië
中文: 威尼斯