United States dollar

  • united states dollar
    usdnotesnew.png 98 quarter obverse.png
    federal reserve notesquarter dollar (25 cents) coin (obverse)
    iso 4217
    codeusd
    number840
    exponent2
    denominations
    superunit
     4stella
     10eagle
     100union (slang)
     1000grand, rack (slang)
    subunit
     ​14quarter
     ​110dime
     ​120nickel or half dime
     ​1100cent or penny
     ​11000mill
    symbol$
    cent or penny¢
    mill
    nickname
    banknotes
     freq. used$1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100
     rarely used$2 (still printed); $500, $1,000, $5,000, $10,000 (discontinued, still legal tender)
    coins
     freq. used, , 10¢, 25¢
     rarely used50¢, $1 (still minted); ½¢, , , , 20¢, $2.50, $3, $20 (discontinued, still legal tender); $5, $10 (legal tender, now commemorative only)
    demographics
    date of introductionapril 2, 1792
     source[1]
    replacedcontinental currency
    various foreign currencies, including:
    pound sterling
    spanish dollar
    user(s)
    •  united states
    •  british virgin islands
    •  caribbean netherlands
    •  east timor[2][a]
    •  ecuador[3][b]
    •  el salvador[4]
    •  micronesia
    •  marshall islands
    •  palau
    •  panama[c]
    •  turks and caicos
    issuance
    central bankwww.federalreserve.gov
    printerwww.moneyfactory.gov
    mintwww.usmint.gov
    valuation
    inflationdata.com
     methodcpi
    pegged by

    the united states dollar (sign: $; code: usd; also abbreviated us$ and referred to as the dollar, u.s. dollar, or american dollar) is the official currency of the united states and its territories per the coinage act of 1792. one dollar is divided into 100 cents (symbol: ¢) or 1000 mills (for accounting purposes and for taxing; symbol: ₥). the coinage act of 1792 created a decimal currency by creating the following coins: tenth dollar, one-twentieth dollar, one-hundredth dollar. in addition the act created the dollar, half dollar, and quarter dollar coins. all of these coins are still minted in 2020.

    in addition, several forms of paper money were introduced by congress over the years. the latest of these, the federal reserve note, was authorized by the federal reserve act of 1913, while all existing u.s. currency remains legal tender.[5] issuance of the previous form of the currency (u.s. notes) was discontinued in january 1971.[6] as a result, currently circulating paper money consists primarily of federal reserve notes that are denominated in united states dollars (§ 418).

    since the suspension in 1971[7] of convertibility of paper u.s. currency into any precious metal, the u.s. dollar is de facto fiat money.[8] as it is the most used in international transactions, the u.s. dollar is the world's primary reserve currency.[9] several countries use it as their official currency, and in many others it is the de facto currency.[10] besides the united states, it is also used as the sole currency in two british overseas territories in the caribbean: the british virgin islands and turks and caicos islands. a few countries use the federal reserve notes for paper money, while still minting their own coins, or also accept u.s. dollar coins (such as the sacagawea or presidential dollar). as of january 31, 2019, there are approximately $1.7 trillion in circulation, of which $1.65 trillion is in the federal reserve notes (the remaining $50 billion is in the form of u.s. notes and coins).[11]

    the u.s. dollar as a currency is often referred to as the greenback by foreign exchange traders and the financial press in other countries, such as australia, new zealand, south africa, and india.[12][13][14][15][16]

  • overview
  • etymology
  • dollar sign
  • history
  • coins
  • banknotes
  • means of issue
  • value
  • exchange rates
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

United States dollar
USDnotesNew.png 98 quarter obverse.png
Federal Reserve NotesQuarter dollar (25 cents) coin (obverse)
ISO 4217
CodeUSD
Number840
Exponent2
Denominations
Superunit
 4stella
 10eagle
 100union (slang)
 1000grand, rack (slang)
Subunit
 ​14quarter
 ​110dime
 ​120nickel or half dime
 ​1100cent or penny
 ​11000mill
Symbol$
cent or penny¢
mill
Nickname
Banknotes
 Freq. used$1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100
 Rarely used$2 (still printed); $500, $1,000, $5,000, $10,000 (discontinued, still legal tender)
Coins
 Freq. used, , 10¢, 25¢
 Rarely used50¢, $1 (still minted); ½¢, , , , 20¢, $2.50, $3, $20 (discontinued, still legal tender); $5, $10 (legal tender, now commemorative only)
Demographics
Date of introductionApril 2, 1792
 Source[1]
ReplacedContinental currency
Various foreign currencies, including:
Pound sterling
Spanish dollar
User(s)
Issuance
Central bankwww.federalreserve.gov
Printerwww.moneyfactory.gov
Mintwww.usmint.gov
Valuation
inflationdata.com
 MethodCPI
Pegged by

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its territories per the Coinage Act of 1792. One dollar is divided into 100 cents (symbol: ¢) or 1000 mills (for accounting purposes and for taxing; symbol: ₥). The Coinage Act of 1792 created a decimal currency by creating the following coins: tenth dollar, one-twentieth dollar, one-hundredth dollar. In addition the act created the dollar, half dollar, and quarter dollar coins. All of these coins are still minted in 2020.

In addition, several forms of paper money were introduced by Congress over the years. The latest of these, the Federal Reserve Note, was authorized by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, while all existing U.S. currency remains legal tender.[5] Issuance of the previous form of the currency (U.S. notes) was discontinued in January 1971.[6] As a result, currently circulating paper money consists primarily of Federal Reserve Notes that are denominated in United States dollars (§ 418).

Since the suspension in 1971[7] of convertibility of paper U.S. currency into any precious metal, the U.S. dollar is de facto fiat money.[8] As it is the most used in international transactions, the U.S. dollar is the world's primary reserve currency.[9] Several countries use it as their official currency, and in many others it is the de facto currency.[10] Besides the United States, it is also used as the sole currency in two British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean: the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands. A few countries use the Federal Reserve Notes for paper money, while still minting their own coins, or also accept U.S. dollar coins (such as the Sacagawea or presidential dollar). As of January 31, 2019, there are approximately $1.7 trillion in circulation, of which $1.65 trillion is in the Federal Reserve Notes (the remaining $50 billion is in the form of U.S. notes and coins).[11]

The U.S. dollar as a currency is often referred to as the greenback by foreign exchange traders and the financial press in other countries, such as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and India.[12][13][14][15][16]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: АШЗ-м и доллар
Alemannisch: US-Dollar
العربية: دولار أمريكي
Avañe'ẽ: Dólar
azərbaycanca: ABŞ dolları
Bân-lâm-gú: Bí-kim
башҡортса: АҠШ доллары
беларуская: Долар ЗША
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Амэрыканскі даляр
भोजपुरी: अमेरिकी डालर
български: Щатски долар
Boarisch: US-Dollar
bosanski: Američki dolar
Чӑвашла: АПШ долларĕ
čeština: Americký dolar
davvisámegiella: USA dollár
Deutsch: US-Dollar
eesti: USA dollar
Ελληνικά: Δολάριο ΗΠΑ
Esperanto: Usona dolaro
贛語: 美金
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mî-kîm
한국어: 미국 달러
հայերեն: ԱՄՆ դոլար
hrvatski: Američki dolar
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ইউ এস ডলার
Bahasa Indonesia: Dolar Amerika Serikat
interlingua: Dollar statounitese
isiZulu: IDola
íslenska: Bandaríkjadalur
Jawa: Dolar AS
къарачай-малкъар: АБШ-ны доллары
қазақша: АҚШ доллары
kriyòl gwiyannen: Dollar amériken
Кыргызча: АКШ доллары
latviešu: ASV dolārs
Lëtzebuergesch: US-Dollar
македонски: Американски долар
Māori: USD
Bahasa Melayu: Dolar Amerika Syarikat
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Mī-gĭng
Mirandés: Dólar amaricano
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမေရိကန်ဒေါ်လာ
Nederlands: Amerikaanse dollar
нохчийн: АЦШ доллар
Nordfriisk: US-Dooler
norsk nynorsk: US-dollar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: AQSh dollari
پنجابی: امریکی ڈالر
Plattdüütsch: US-Dollar
română: Dolar american
rumantsch: Dollar american
Runa Simi: Amirikanu dollar
русиньскый: США долар
русский: Доллар США
саха тыла: АХШ дуоллара
Simple English: United States dollar
slovenčina: Americký dolár
slovenščina: Ameriški dolar
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Амєрїканьскъ доларъ
српски / srpski: Амерички долар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Američki dolar
татарча/tatarça: АКШ доллары
тоҷикӣ: Доллари ИМА
Türkmençe: Dollar
українська: Долар США
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئامېرىكا دولىرى
vepsän kel’: AÜV:oiden dollar
Tiếng Việt: Đô la Mỹ
文言: 美金
吴语: 美圓
粵語: 美金
žemaitėška: JAV duoleris
中文: 美元