United States Secretary of the Army

Secretary of the Army
Emblem of the U.S. Department of the Army.svg
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Army.svg
Flag of the Secretary of the Army[1]
Mark T. Esper (cropped).jpg
Mark Esper

since 20 November 2017[2]
Department of the Army
StyleMister Secretary
The Honorable
(formal address in writing)
Reports toSecretary of Defense
AppointerThe President
with the advice and consent of the Senate
Term lengthNo fixed term
PrecursorSecretary of War
Inaugural holderKenneth Claiborne Royall
Formation18 September 1947
Succession2nd in SecDef succession
DeputyThe Under Secretary
(principal civilian deputy)
The Chief of Staff
(military advisor and deputy)
SalaryLevel II of the Executive Schedule
WebsiteOfficial website

The Secretary of the Army (SA, SECARM[3] or SECARMY) is a senior civilian official within the Department of Defense of the United States with statutory responsibility for all matters relating to the United States Army: manpower, personnel, reserve affairs, installations, environmental issues, weapons systems and equipment acquisition, communications, and financial management.

The Secretary of the Army is nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The Secretary is a non-Cabinet level official serving under the Secretary of Defense.[4] This position was created on 18 September 1947, replacing the Secretary of War, when the Department of War was split into the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force.[5]

On 15 November 2017, Mark Esper was confirmed as the Secretary of the Army, and was sworn in to office on 20 November 2017.[2]

Roles and Responsibilities

The Senior Leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians—the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army—and two military officers of four-star rank—the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.

The Secretary of the Army (§ 3013) is in effect the chief executive officer of the Department of the Army, and the Chief of Staff of the Army works directly for the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary presents and justifies Army policies, plans, programs, and budgets to the Secretary of Defense, other executive branch officials, and to the Congressional Defense Committees. The Secretary also communicates Army policies, plans, programs, capabilities, and accomplishments to the public. As necessary, the Secretary convenes meetings with the senior leadership of the Army to debate issues, provide direction, and seek advice. The Secretary is a member of the Defense Acquisition Board.

The Secretary of the Army has several responsibilities under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, including the authority to convene general courts-martial. Other duties include management of the Civilian Aides to the Secretary of the Army Program.[6]