United States Navy

United States Navy
Emblem of the United States Navy.png
Emblem of the United States Navy
Founded13 October 1775 (1775-10-13)
(243 years, 10 months)[note 1][1]
Country United States
TypeNavy
RoleNaval warfare, power projection, nuclear deterrence, and sealift
Size329,867 active duty personnel[2]
274,300 civilian employees[2]
100,495 ready reserve personnel[2]
288 deployable ships (as of 2019)[2] of 480 total ships
3,900+[2] Dept. of Navy manned aircraft combined (U.S. Navy operates 2,623 manned aircraft and the U.S. Marine Corps operates 1,304 manned aircraft)[3]
Part ofU.S. Department of Defense
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Motto(s)"Semper Fortis" (English: "Always Courageous"), (official)
"Non sibi sed patriae" (English: "Not for self but for country") (unofficial)
ColorsBlue, Gold[4][5]
         
March"Anchors Aweigh" About this soundPlay 
Anniversaries13 October
EquipmentList of U.S. Navy equipment
Engagements
DecorationsU.S. Navy Presidential Unit Citation streamer.png
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Unit Commendation streamer (USMC).svg
Navy Unit Commendation
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Navy-Marine) Streamer.jpg
www.navy.mil
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Donald Trump
Secretary of DefenseMark Esper
Secretary of the NavyRichard V. Spencer
Chief of Naval OperationsADM Michael Gilday
Vice Chief of Naval OperationsADM Robert P. Burke
Master Chief Petty Officer of the NavyMCPON Russell L. Smith
Insignia
FlagFlag of the United States Navy.svg
JackNaval jack of the United States.svg
PennantCommissioning Pennant.svg
RoundelRoundel of the USAF.svg
Anchor, Constitution, and EagleAnchor, Constitution, and Eagle.svg

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations.[6][7][8][9] It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage[10][6] and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the U.S. Navy is the third largest of the U.S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018,[2] making it the third-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force and the United States Army.

The U.S. Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was effectively disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter. After suffering significant loss of goods and personnel at the hands of the Barbary pirates from Algiers, the U.S. Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 for the construction of six heavy frigates, the first ships of the U.S. Navy. The U.S. Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of its rivers. It played the central role in the World War II defeat of Imperial Japan. The U.S. Navy emerged from World War II as the most powerful navy in the world. The 21st century U.S. Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. It is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it a frequent actor in U.S. foreign and military policy.

The Navy is administratively managed by the Department of the Navy, which is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Navy. The Department of the Navy is itself a division of the Department of Defense, which is headed by the Secretary of Defense. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the most senior naval officer serving in the Department of the Navy.[11]

Mission

To recruit, train, equip, and organize to deliver combat ready Naval forces to win conflicts and wars while maintaining security and deterrence through sustained forward presence.

— Mission statement of the United States Navy.[12]

The U.S. Navy is a seaborne branch of the military of the United States. The Navy's three primary areas of responsibility:[13]

  • The preparation of naval forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war.
  • The maintenance of naval aviation, including land-based naval aviation, air transport essential for naval operations, and all air weapons and air techniques involved in the operations and activities of the Navy.
  • The development of aircraft, weapons, tactics, technique, organization, and equipment of naval combat and service elements.

U.S. Navy training manuals state that the mission of the U.S. Armed Forces is "to be prepared to conduct prompt and sustained combat operations in support of the national interest." As part of that establishment, the U.S. Navy's functions comprise sea control, power projection and nuclear deterrence, in addition to "sealift" duties.[14]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: ABŞ Hərbi Donanması
Bân-lâm-gú: Bí-kok Hái-kun
Esperanto: Usona Mararmeo
한국어: 미국 해군
Lëtzebuergesch: United States Navy
Nederlands: United States Navy
română: Marina SUA
Simple English: United States Navy
slovenčina: United States Navy
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Američka ratna mornarica
svenska: USA:s flotta
Tiếng Việt: Hải quân Hoa Kỳ
粵語: 美國海軍
中文: 美國海軍