United States Congress
|United States Congress|
|Founded||March 4, 1789|
New session started
|January 3, 2017|
535 voting members
Senate political groups
House of Representatives political groups
Senate last election
House of Representatives last election
|This article is part of |
|Politics of the|
United States of America
The Congress meets in the
The members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms representing the people of a single constituency, known as a "district". Congressional districts are
To be eligible for election, a candidate must be aged at least 25 (House) or 30 (Senate), have been a citizen of the United States for seven (House) or nine (Senate) years, and be an inhabitant of the
The Congress was created by the
Scholar and representative
Congress reflects us in all our strengths and all our weaknesses. It reflects our regional idiosyncrasies, our ethnic, religious, and racial diversity, our multitude of professions, and our shadings of opinion on everything from the value of war to the war over values. Congress is the government's most representative body ... Congress is essentially charged with reconciling our many points of view on the great public policy issues of the day.
- —Smith, Roberts, and Wielen
Congress is constantly changing and is constantly in flux. In recent times, the American south and west have gained House seats according to
The Congress of the United States serves two distinct purposes that overlap: local representation to the federal government of a congressional district by representatives and a state's at-large representation to the federal government by senators.
Most incumbents seek re-election, and their historical likelihood of winning subsequent elections exceeds 90 percent.
Congress is directly responsible for the governing of the