United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 was adopted on 23 December 2016. It concerns the
Israeli settlements in "
Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including
East Jerusalem". The resolution passed in a 14–0 vote by members of the
U.N. Security Council (UNSC). Four members with
United Nations Security Council veto power, China, France, Russia, and the United Kingdom, voted for the resolution, whereas, the United States abstained.
The resolution states that
Israel's settlement activity constitutes a "flagrant violation" of
international law and has "no legal validity". It demands that Israel stop such activity and fulfill its obligations as an
occupying power under the
Fourth Geneva Convention.
It was the first UNSC resolution to pass regarding Israel and the
Palestine territories since 2009,
 and the first to address the issue of Israeli settlements with such specificity since
Resolution 465 in 1980.
 While the resolution did not include any sanction or coercive measure and was adopted under non-binding
Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter, Israeli newspaper
Haaretz stated it "may have serious ramifications for Israel in general and specifically for the settlement enterprise" in the medium-to-long term.
The text was welcomed by much of the
in the following days. In response, the government of Israel retaliated with a series of diplomatic actions against some members of the Security Council
 and accused the administration of U.S. President
Barack Obama of having secretly orchestrated the passage of the resolution. Palestine's representatives stated this was an opportunity to end the occupation and establish a
Palestinian state to live side by side with the state of Israel on the 1967 line.