United Nations

  • flag of united nations arabic: منظمة الأمم المتحدة‎ chinese: 联合国组织 french: organisation des nations unies russian: Организация Объединённых Наций spanish: organización de las naciones unidas
    flag
    emblem of united nations arabic: منظمة الأمم المتحدة‎ chinese: 联合国组织 french: organisation des nations unies russian: Организация Объединённых Наций spanish: organización de las naciones unidas
    emblem
    headquartersnew york city (international territory)
    official languages
    • arabic
    • chinese
    • english
    • french
    • russian
    • spanish[1]
    typeintergovernmental organization
    membership193 member states
    2 observer states
    leaders
    • secretary‑general
    antónio guterres
    • deputy secretary-general
    amina j. mohammed
    • general assembly president
    tijjani muhammad-bande
    • economic and social council president
    mona juul
    • security council president
    dang dinh quy
    establishment
    • un charter signed
    26 june 1945 (74 years ago) (1945-06-26)
    • charter entered into force
    24 october 1945 (74 years ago) (1945-10-24)
    website
    un.org
    un.int

    the united nations (un) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.[2] it is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. the un is headquartered on international territory in new york city; other main offices are in geneva, nairobi, vienna and the hague.

    the un was established after world war ii with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective league of nations.[3] on 25 april 1945, 50 governments met in san francisco for a conference and started drafting the un charter, which was adopted on 25 june 1945 and took effect on 24 october 1945, when the un began operations. pursuant to the charter, the organization's objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law.[4] at its founding, the un had 51 member states; this number grew to 193 in 2011,[5] representing the vast majority of the world's sovereign states.

    the organization's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the cold war between the united states and soviet union and their respective allies. its missions have consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles.[6] un membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. since then, 80 former colonies have gained independence, including 11 trust territories that had been monitored by the trusteeship council.[7] by the 1970s, the un's budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. after the end of the cold war, the un shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks.[8]

    the un has six principal organs: the general assembly; the security council; the economic and social council (ecosoc); the trusteeship council; the international court of justice; and the un secretariat. the un system includes a multitude of specialized agencies, such as the world bank group, the world health organization, the world food programme, unesco, and unicef. additionally, non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ecosoc and other agencies to participate in the un's work. the un's chief administrative officer is the secretary-general, currently portuguese politician and diplomat antónio guterres, since 1 january 2017. the organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

    the un, its officers, and its agencies have won many nobel peace prizes, though other evaluations of its effectiveness have been mixed. some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called it ineffective, biased, or corrupt.

  • history
  • structure
  • membership
  • objectives
  • funding
  • evaluations, awards, and criticism
  • other
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

HeadquartersNew York City (international territory)
Official languages
TypeIntergovernmental organization
Membership193 member states
2 observer states
Leaders
António Guterres
Amina J. Mohammed
Tijjani Muhammad-Bande
Mona Juul
Dang Dinh Quy
Establishment
• UN Charter signed
26 June 1945 (74 years ago) (1945-06-26)
• Charter entered into force
24 October 1945 (74 years ago) (1945-10-24)
Website
UN.org
UN.int

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.[2] It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City; other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague.

The UN was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective League of Nations.[3] On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations. Pursuant to the Charter, the organization's objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law.[4] At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; this number grew to 193 in 2011,[5] representing the vast majority of the world's sovereign states.

The organization's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles.[6] UN membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. Since then, 80 former colonies have gained independence, including 11 trust territories that had been monitored by the Trusteeship Council.[7] By the 1970s, the UN's budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks.[8]

The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC); the Trusteeship Council; the International Court of Justice; and the UN Secretariat. The UN System includes a multitude of specialized agencies, such as the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. Additionally, non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work. The UN's chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, since 1 January 2017. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN, its officers, and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes, though other evaluations of its effectiveness have been mixed. Some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called it ineffective, biased, or corrupt.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Verenigde Nasies
Alemannisch: Vereinte Nationen
armãneashti: Natsiile Unite
অসমীয়া: ৰাষ্ট্ৰসংঘ
Avañe'ẽ: Tetãnguéra Joaju
বাংলা: জাতিসংঘ
Bân-lâm-gú: Liân-ha̍p-kok
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арганізацыя Аб’яднаных Нацыяў
Bikol Central: Nagkakasararong Nasyon
Boarisch: UNO
davvisámegiella: Ovttastuvvan našuvnnat
dolnoserbski: Zjadnośone narody
estremeñu: Nacionis Unías
Fiji Hindi: United Nations
贛語: 聯合國
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: संयुक्त राश्ट्रसंघटना
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lièn-ha̍p-koet
한국어: 유엔
hornjoserbsce: Zjednoćene narody
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জাতিসংঘ
Bahasa Indonesia: Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa
Kabɩyɛ: ONU ŋgbɛyɛ
kalaallisut: FN
kernowek: Kenedhlow Unys
Kiswahili: Umoja wa Mataifa
Kreyòl ayisyen: ONI
Lëtzebuergesch: Vereent Natiounen
Lingua Franca Nova: Nasiones Unida
la .lojban.: gunma natmi
македонски: Обединети нации
ဘာသာ မန်: ကုလသမဂ္ဂ
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lièng-hăk-guók
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကုလသမဂ္ဂ
Nederlands: Verenigde Naties
日本語: 国際連合
ߒߞߏ: ߡ.ߟ.ߛ
Nordfriisk: Feriand Natjuunen
norsk nynorsk: Dei sameinte nasjonane
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Birlashgan millatlar tashkiloti
پنجابی: اقوام متحدہ
Papiamentu: Nashonan Uni
Plattdüütsch: Vereente Natschonen
Gagana Samoa: Malo Aufaatasi
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ
sardu: ONU
Seeltersk: Fereende Natione
sicilianu: Nazzioni Uniti
Simple English: United Nations
Soomaaliga: Qaramada Midoobay
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ujedinjene nacije
Vahcuengh: Lenzhozgoz
vèneto: ONU
Tiếng Việt: Liên Hiệp Quốc
文言: 聯合國
吴语: 联合国
粵語: 聯合國
中文: 联合国