United Airlines

United Airlines, Inc.
United Airlines Logo.svg
FoundedApril 6, 1926; 93 years ago (1926-04-06) (as Varney Air Lines)[1]
Commenced operationsMarch 28, 1931 (1931-03-28)[2]
AOC #CALA014A[3]
Frequent-flyer programMileagePlus
AllianceStar Alliance
Fleet size790
Company sloganFly The Friendly Skies
Parent companyUnited Airlines Holdings
HeadquartersWillis Tower, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Key people
RevenueIncrease $41.303 billion (2018)[11]
Operating incomeDecrease $3.292 billion (2018)[11]
Net incomeDecrease $2.129 billion (2018)[11]
Total assetsIncrease $44.792 billion (2018)[11]
Employees88,000 (2017)[12]

United Airlines, Inc. is a major American airline headquartered at Willis Tower in Chicago, Illinois.[13][14][15] It is the 3rd largest airline in the world, measured by fleet size and route network. United operates a large domestic and international route network, with an extensive presence in the Asia-Pacific region.[16] It is a founding member of the Star Alliance, the world's largest airline alliance with a total of 28 member airlines.[17] Regional service is operated by independent carriers under the brand name United Express. United was established by the amalgamation of several airlines in the late 1920s, the oldest of these being Varney Air Lines, which was founded in 1926.[1]

United has eight hubs, with Chicago–O'Hare being its largest in terms of passengers carried and the number of departures.[18] The company employs over 86,000 people.[12] Through the airline's parent company, United Airlines Holdings, it is publicly traded under UAL with a market capitalization of over US$21 billion as of January 2018.[19]


United traces its roots to Varney Air Lines (VAL), which Walter Varney founded in 1926 in Boise, Idaho. Continental Airlines is the successor to Speed Lanes, which Varney had founded by 1932 and whose name changed to Varney Speed Lines in 1934. VAL flew the first privately contracted air mail flight in the U.S. on April 6, 1926.[20][21][22]

In 1927, William Boeing founded Boeing Air Transport to operate air mail routes under contract with the United States Post Office Department.[23] In 1929, Boeing merged his company with Pratt & Whitney to form the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation (UATC) which then set about buying, in the space of just 28 months, Pacific Air Transport, Stout Air Services, VAL, and National Air Transport, as well as numerous equipment manufacturers at the same time.[24][25] On March 28, 1931, UATC formed United Air Lines, Inc. as a holding company for its airline subsidiaries.[26]

In late 2006, Continental Airlines and United had preliminary merger discussions.[27][28] On April 16, 2010, those discussions resumed.[29] The board of directors of Continental and UAL Corporation agreed on May 2, 2010, to combine operations, contingent upon shareholder and regulatory approval. On October 1, 2010, the UAL Corporation changed its name to United Continental Holdings, Inc.[30] The carriers planned to begin merging their operations in 2011.[31] The merged airline began operating under a single air operator's certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration on November 30, 2011.[32] On March 3, 2012, United and Continental merged their passenger service systems, frequent-flier programs, and websites, which virtually eliminated the Continental brand with the exception of its logo.[33] On Thursday June 27, 2019, the parent company's name changed from United Continental Holdings to United Airlines Holdings.[34]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: United Airlines
asturianu: United Airlines
беларуская: United Airlines
bosanski: United Airlines
čeština: United Airlines
español: United Airlines
Esperanto: United Airlines
français: United Airlines
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lièn-ha̍p Hòng-khûng
հայերեն: United Airlines
hrvatski: United Airlines
Bahasa Indonesia: United Airlines
íslenska: United Airlines
italiano: United Airlines
қазақша: United Airlines
latviešu: United Airlines
lietuvių: United Airlines
Bahasa Melayu: United Airlines
Nederlands: United Airlines
norsk nynorsk: United Airlines
português: United Airlines
română: United Airlines
Runa Simi: United Airlines
русский: United Airlines
Simple English: United Airlines
slovenčina: United Airlines
slovenščina: United Airlines
српски / srpski: Јунајтед ерлајнс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: United Airlines
Türkçe: United Airlines
українська: United Airlines
Tiếng Việt: United Airlines
粵語: 聯合航空
中文: 聯合航空