Total population
c. 37 – c. 45 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
 Ukraine 37,541,693[3]
 Russia3,269,992 (2015)[4]
 Canada1,359,655 (2016)[5]
 Poland1,200,000 (2017)[4]
 United States1,028,492 (2016)[6]
 Brazil600,000 (2015)[7]
 Kazakhstan338,022 (2015)[8]
 Moldova325,235 (2014)[9][10]
 Argentina305,000 (2007)[11][12]
 Germany272,000 (2016)[13]
 Italy234,354 (2017)[14]
 Belarus225,734 (2015)[4]
 Czech Republic131,709 (2018)[15]
 Uzbekistan124,602 (2015)[16]
 Spain90,530–100,000 (2016)[17][18]
 Romania51,703–200,000 (2011)[19][20]
 Latvia50,699 (2018)[21]
 Portugal45,051 (2015)[16]
 France40,000 (2016)[22]
 Australia38,791 (2014)[23][24]
 Greece32,000 (2016)[25]
 Israel30,000–90,000 (2016)[26]
 United Kingdom23,414 (2015)[8]
 Estonia23,183 (2017)[27]
 Georgia22,263 (2015)[4]
 Azerbaijan21,509 (2009)[28]
 Turkey20,000–35,000 (2016)[29][30]
 Kyrgyzstan12,691 (2016)[31]
 Lithuania12,248 (2015)[4]
 Denmark12,144 (2018)[32]
 Paraguay12,000–40,000 (2014)[33][34]
 Austria12,000 (2016)[35]
 United Arab Emirates11,145 (2017)[36]
 Hungary10,996 (2016)[37]
 Slovakia10,001 (2015)[8]
 Uruguay10,000–15,000 (1990)[38][39]
 Sweden8,000 (2017)[40]
  Switzerland6,681 (2017)[41]
 Finland5,000 (2016)[42]
 Jordan5,000 (2016)[43]
 Netherlands5,000 (2016)[44]
Ukrainian, Russian[45][46]
Of the population (within Ukraine)[47]
Eastern Orthodoxy – 65.4%; (comprising Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchate) – 25.0%, Simply Orthodox – 23.2%, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) – 15.0%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church – 1.8%)
Ukrainian (Greek) Catholic Church – 6.5%
Roman Catholic – 1.0%
Protestant – 1.9%
Others – 1.7%
Not Affiliated – 16.3%
Related ethnic groups
Other East Slavs

Ukrainians (Ukrainian: українці, ukrayintsi, [ukrɑˈjinʲtsʲi]) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the seventh-largest[48] nation in Europe and the third-largest among the Slavic peoples after the Russians and Poles. The Constitution of Ukraine applies the term 'Ukrainians' to all its citizens.[49] The people of Ukraine have historically been known as "Rusyns (Ruthenians)" and "Cossacks", among others. According to most dictionary definitions, a descriptive name for the "inhabitants of Ukraine" is Ukrainian or Ukrainian people.[50]


The ethnonym Ukrainians became widely accepted only in the 20th century after their territory obtained distinctive statehood in 1917.[citation needed] From the 14th to the 16th centuries, the Western portions of the European part of what is now known as Russia, the territories of northern Ukraine and Belarus (Western Rus') were largely known as Rus', continuing the tradition of Kievan Rus'. People of these territories were usually called Rus or Rusyns (known as Ruthenians in Western and Central Europe).[51][52] The Ukrainian language appeared in the 14th – 16th centuries (with some prototypical features already evident in the 11th century), but at that time, it was mostly known[citation needed] as Ruthenian, like its brothers. In the 16th – 17th centuries, with the establishment of the Zaporizhian Sich, the notion of Ukraine as a separate country with a separate ethnic identity came into being.[53] However, the ethnonym Ukrainians and the linguonym Ukrainian were used only occasionally, and the people of Ukraine usually continued to call themselves and their language Ruthenian. After the decline of the Zaporizhian Sich and the establishment of Imperial Russian hegemony in Ukraine, Ukrainians became more widely known by the Russian regional name, Little Russians (Malorossy), with the majority of Ukrainian élites espousing Little Russian identity.[54][55][56] This official name (usually regarded now[citation needed] as colonial and humiliating) did not spread widely among the peasantry which constituted the majority of the population.[57] Ukrainian peasants still referred to their country as Ukraine (a name associated with the Zaporizhian Sich, with the Hetmanate and with their struggle against Poles, Russians, Turks and Crimean Tatars) and to themselves and their language as Ruthenians/Ruthenian.[55][56][need quotation to verify] With the publication of Ivan Kotliarevsky's Eneyida (Aeneid) in 1798, which established the modern Ukrainian language, and with the subsequent Romantic revival of national traditions and culture, the ethnonym Ukrainians and the notion of a Ukrainian language came into more prominence at the beginning of the 19th century and gradually replaced the words "Rusyns" and "Ruthenian(s)". In areas outside the control of the Russian/Soviet state until the mid-20th century (Western Ukraine), Ukrainians were known by their pre-existing names for much longer.[54][55][56][58] The appellation Ukrainians initially came into common usage in Central Ukraine[59][60] and did not take hold in Galicia and Bukovyna until the latter part of the 19th century, in Transcarpathia until the 1930s, and in the Prešov Region until the late 1940s.[61][62][63]

The modern name ukrayintsi (Ukrainians) derives from Ukrayina (Ukraine), a name first documented in 1187.[64] Several scientific theories attempt to explain the etymology of the term.

According to the traditional theory (especially predominant in Russia), it derives from the Proto-Slavic root *kraj-, which has two meanings, one meaning the homeland as in "nash rodnoi kraj" (our homeland), and the other "edge, border", and originally had the sense of "periphery", "borderland" or "frontier region" etc.[65][66][67]

According to some new alternative Ukrainian historians such as Hryhoriy Pivtorak, Vitaly Sklyarenko and other scholars, translate the term "u-kraine" as "in-land", "home-land" or "our-country".[65] The name in this context derives from the word "u-kraina" in the sense of "domestic region", "domestic land" or "country" (inside the country).[68][69][70]

In the last three centuries the population of Ukraine experienced periods of Polonization and Russification, but preserved a common culture and a sense of common identity.[71][72]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oekraïners
العربية: أوكرانيون
aragonés: Ucraineses
azərbaycanca: Ukraynalılar
башҡортса: Украиндар
беларуская: Украінцы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Украінцы
български: Украинци
bosanski: Ukrajinci
буряад: Украиншууд
català: Ucraïnesos
Чӑвашла: Украинсем
čeština: Ukrajinci
Cymraeg: Wcreiniaid
dansk: Ukrainere
Deutsch: Ukrainer
Esperanto: Ukrainoj
euskara: Ukrainar
français: Ukrainiens
Gaeilge: Úcránaigh
Gagauz: Ukrainnär
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ukraina-chhu̍k
hrvatski: Ukrajinci
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Ukraina
italiano: Ucraini
עברית: אוקראינים
къарачай-малкъар: Украинлиле
ქართული: უკრაინელები
қазақша: Украиндар
Кыргызча: Украиндер
Ladino: Ukrainios
Latina: Ucraini
latviešu: Ukraiņi
лезги: Украинар
lietuvių: Ukrainiečiai
magyar: Ukránok
македонски: Украинци
მარგალური: უკრაინალეფი
мокшень: Украиттне
Nederlands: Oekraïners
нохчийн: Украинаш
norsk: Ukrainere
norsk nynorsk: Ukrainarar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ukrainlar
polski: Ukraińcy
português: Ucranianos
română: Ucraineni
русиньскый: Українцї
русский: Украинцы
саха тыла: Украиннар
Scots: Ukrainians
Simple English: Ukrainians
slovenčina: Ukrajinci
slovenščina: Ukrajinci
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Оукраиньци
српски / srpski: Украјинци
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ukrajinci
svenska: Ukrainare
татарча/tatarça: Украиннар
тоҷикӣ: Укроинҳо
Türkçe: Ukraynalılar
удмурт: Украинъёс
українська: Українці
اردو: یوکرینی
vepsän kel’: Ukrainalaižed
Tiếng Việt: Người Ukraina
粵語: 烏克蘭人
žemaitėška: Okrainėitē
中文: 乌克兰族