Uhuru Kenyatta

His Excellency
Uhuru Kenyatta
C.G.H.
Uhuru Kenyatta.jpg
Kenyatta attending a U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White House
President of Kenya
Assumed office
9 April 2013
Deputy William Ruto
Preceded by Mwai Kibaki
Deputy Prime Minister of Kenya
In office
13 April 2008 – 9 April 2013
Serving with Musalia Mudavadi
President Mwai Kibaki
Prime Minister Raila Odinga
Minister of Finance
In office
23 January 2009 – 26 January 2012
Prime Minister Raila Odinga
Preceded by John Michuki
Succeeded by Robinson Njeru Githae
Leader of the Opposition
In office
January 2003 – 9 April 2013
Preceded by Mwai Kibaki
Succeeded by Raila Odinga
Member of Parliament
for Gatundu South
In office
January 2003 – January 2013
Preceded by Moses Mwihia
Succeeded by Jossy Ngugi
Personal details
Born (1961-10-26) 26 October 1961 (age 56)
Nairobi, Kenya
Political party Kenya African National Union (Before 2012)
National Alliance (2012–2016)
Jubilee (2016–present)
Other political
affiliations
Jubilee Alliance (2013–present)
Spouse(s) Margaret Gakuo (m. 1991)
Children 3
Relatives Jomo Kenyatta (father)
Alma mater Amherst College
Signature
Website Government website

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta ( ɑː/; born 26 October 1961) is a Kenyan politician and the fourth president of the Republic of Kenya. [1] He served as the Member of Parliament for Gatundu South from 2002 to 2013. Currently a member of the Jubilee Party of Kenya, he was previously involved with The National Alliance and before that the Kenya African National Union.

He is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, and his fourth wife Mama Ngina Kenyatta. [2] Uhuru was re-elected for a second term in the August 2017 general election, winning 54% of the popular vote. [3] [4] The win was formally declared on national television by the Chairman of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission Wafula Chebukati. [5] [6] However, Uhuru's election was successfully challenged in the Supreme Court of Kenya by his main competitor, Raila Odinga. On 1st September 2017, the court declared the election invalid and ordered a new presidential election to take place within 60 days from the day of the ruling. A new presidential election was held on 26th October, which he overwhelmingly won. This is an election which has been marred with a lot of controversies, being criticized by civil societies, international media, Raila Amolo Odinga, and other individuals and groups of interest terming it a "sham election."

Deadly violence erupted in Kenya as a result of the second presidential election of Uhuru Kenyatta. Supporters of Raila Odinga, took to the streets in Kawangware, Nairobi, burning shops to the ground. Six people were injured, three of which were wounded by machetes. In western Kenya, an altercation between protesters and police erupted. As a result, 6 people were killed, 13 people were injured and 86 people were arrested as chaos erupted on October 27, 2017. Protesters were urged by Mr. Odinga to take action just the day before the second vote came out. He insisted that there was no way that a fair election could take place with the same elections commission. Mr. Odinga withdrew the day before, allowing Uhuru Kenyatta, who has been the President of Kenya since April 9, 2013, to remain in office for another five years. Mr. Odinga vowed to turn NASA, his opposition coalition, into a resistance movement.

Early life

Uhuru with his father and the West German President Heinrich Lübke.

Uhuru is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's founding father and first president (in office 1964–1978), with his fourth wife, Mama Ngina Kenyatta. His family hails from the Kikuyu, a Bantu ethnic group. His given name " Uhuru" is from the Swahili term for "freedom", and was given to him in anticipation of Kenya's upcoming independence. Uhuru attended St Mary's School in Nairobi. Between 1979 and 1980, he also briefly worked as a teller at the Kenya Commercial Bank. [7]

After St. Mary's school, Uhuru went on to study economics, political science and government at Amherst College in the United States. [8] [9] [2] Upon his graduation, Uhuru returned to Kenya, and started a company Wilham Kenya Limited, through which he sourced and exported agricultural produce. [10]

Nominated to Parliament in 2001, he became Minister for Local Government under President Daniel Arap Moi and, despite his political inexperience, was favoured by Moi as his successor. [11] Kenyatta ran as KANU's candidate in the December 2002 presidential election, but lost to the opposition candidate Mwai Kibaki by a big margin. [12] He subsequently became Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. He backed Kibaki for re-election in the December 2007 presidential election and was named Minister of Local Government by Kibaki in January 2008, before becoming Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Trade in April 2008 as part of a coalition government. [13]

Subsequently, Kenyatta was Minister of Finance from 2009 to 2012, while remaining Deputy Prime Minister. Accused by the International Criminal Court (ICC) of committing crimes against humanity in relation to the violent aftermath of the 2007 election, he resigned as Minister of Finance on 26 January 2012. [14] He was elected as President of Kenya in the March 2013 presidential election, defeating Raila Odinga with a slim majority in a single round of voting.

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