USS Enterprise (CV-6)

USS Enterprise (CV-6)
Aerial view of Enterprise at sea in 1945
History
United States
Name:USS Enterprise
Ordered:1933
Builder:Newport News Shipbuilding
Laid down:16 July 1934
Launched:3 October 1936
Commissioned:12 May 1938
Decommissioned:17 February 1947
Identification:Hull number: CV-6
Nickname(s):
  • The Big E
  • Lucky E
  • The Grey Ghost
  • The Galloping Ghost
Honors and
awards:
Fate:Scrapped 1958–1960
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type:Yorktown-class aircraft carrier
Displacement:
  • 19,800 tons standard
  • 25,500 tons full load
  • From October 1943:
  • 21,000 tons standard
  • 32,060 tons full load
Length:
  • 770 ft (234.7 m) waterline
  • 824 ft 9 in (251.4 m) overall
  • From July 1942:
  • 827 ft 5 in (252.2 m) overall length
Beam:
  • 83 ft 3 in (25.4 m)
  • 109 ft 6 in (33.4 m) overall
  • From October 1942:
  • 114 ft 5 in (34.9 m) overall width
  • From October 1943:
  • 95 ft 5 in (29.1 m) waterline
Draft:25 ft 11.5 in (7.9 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:4 × shafts; 4 × Parsons geared steam turbines
Speed:32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph)
Range:12,500 nmi (23,200 km; 14,400 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement:2,217 officers and men (1941)
Sensors and
processing systems:
CXAM-1 RADAR[1]
Armament:
  • 8 × single 5 in/38 cal guns
  • 4 × quad 1.1 in/75 cal guns
  • 24 × .50 caliber machine guns
  • From April 1942:
  • 8 × 5 in/38 cal
  • 4 × quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 30 × 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
  • From mid-June 1942 to mid-September 1942:
  • 8 × 5 in/38 cal
  • 5 × quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 32 × 20 mm Oerlikons
  • From mid-September 1942:
  • 8 × 5 in/38 cal
  • 4 × quad 40 mm Bofors guns
  • 1 × quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 44 × 20 mm Oerlikons(46 from 11/42)
  • From October 1943:
  • 8 × 5 in/38 cal
  • 40 × 40 mm Bofors (8×2, 6×4)
  • 50 × 20 mm Oerlikon
  • From September 1945:
  • 8 × 5 in/38 cal
  • 54 × 40 mm Bofors (5×2, 11×4)
  • 32 × 20 mm Oerlikons (16×2)
Armor:
  • 2.5–4 in belt
  • 60 lb protective decks
  • 4 in bulkheads
  • 4 in side and 2 in top round conning tower
  • 4 in side over steering gear
Aircraft carried:90 aircraft
Aviation facilities:
  • 3 × elevators
  • 2 × flight deck hydraulic catapults
  • 1 × hangar deck hydraulic catapults

USS Enterprise (CV-6) was the seventh U.S. Navy vessel to bear the name. Colloquially called "the Big E", she was the sixth aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. A Yorktown-class carrier, she was launched in 1936 and was one of only three American carriers commissioned before World War II to survive the war (the others being Saratoga and Ranger). She participated in more major actions of the war against Japan than any other United States ship. These actions included the Attack on Pearl Harbor (18 dive bombers of VS-6 were over the harbor; 6 were shot down with a loss of 11 men—she was the only American aircraft carrier with men at Pearl Harbor during the attack and the first to sustain casualties during the Pacific War), the Battle of Midway, the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, various other air-sea engagements during the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf. Enterprise earned 20 battle stars, the most for any U.S. warship in World War II, and was the most decorated U.S. ship of World War II. She is also the first American ship to sink an enemy vessel during the Pacific War when she sank Japanese submarine I-70 on 10 December 1941. On three occasions during the Pacific War, the Japanese announced that she had been sunk in battle, inspiring her nickname "The Grey Ghost".

Construction and commissioning

The second carrier of the Yorktown-class, Enterprise was launched on 3 October 1936 at Newport News Shipbuilding, sponsored by Lulie Swanson, wife of Secretary of the Navy Claude A. Swanson, and commissioned on 12 May 1938 with Captain Newton H. White, Jr. in command. Enterprise sailed south on a shakedown cruise which took her to Rio de Janeiro. Captain Charles A. Pownall relieved White on 21 December. After her return, she operated along the east coast and in the Caribbean until April 1939, when she was ordered to duty in the Pacific.[2]

Other Languages