Construction and career
The cruiser was
laid down by the
Fore River Shipbuilding Company at
Quincy, Massachusetts on 14 August 1905, and
launched on 29 May 1907; sponsored by Miss Mary Campbell. Birmingham was
commissioned on 11 April 1908,
Burns Tracy Walling in command.
Pilot Eugene Ely takes off from USS Birmingham
, Hampton Roads, Virginia, 14 November 1910
Birmingham served with the
Atlantic Fleet until 27 June 1911, and went into reserve at
Boston three days later. One of her sailors, Chief Electrician
William E. Snyder, received the
Medal of Honor for rescuing a shipmate from drowning on 4 January 1910.
 From Birmingham's deck, civilian pilot
Eugene Ely made the
first airplane take-off from a warship on 14 November 1910
 in a
Curtiss Model D biplane designed by
Recommissioned on 15 December 1911, she made a short cruise to the
West Indies and then reverted to the Atlantic Reserve Fleet at
Philadelphia on 20 April 1912. From 19 May – 11 July, she was in commission for service on
Ice Patrol and then returned to the Philadelphia Reserve Group. Recommissioned on 1 October 1913, Birmingham carried the Commissioners of the
Panama-Pacific International Exposition on a South American tour from 3 October – 26 December, and was then outfitted at
Philadelphia Navy Yard as a tender to the Torpedo Flotilla.
She left the yard on 2 February 1914, and resumed operations with the Atlantic Fleet as
flagship of the Torpedo Flotilla. From 22 April – 25 May, she operated with the fleet in Mexican waters. During this time, one of her two
Curtiss Model F
flying boats performed the first military mission by a US heavier-than-air aircraft, while scouting for
Veracruz on 25 April. In 1916, she became flagship of Destroyer Force Atlantic Fleet, and Torpedo Flotilla 3.
World War I and fate
Following American entrance into World War I, Birmingham patrolled along the northeast U.S. coast until 14 June 1917, when she sailed from
New York as part of the escort for the first US troop convoy to France. After returning to New York she was fitted for service in Europe and in August reported to
Gibraltar as flagship for
A. P. Niblack, Commander, US Forces Gibraltar. She escorted convoys between Gibraltar, the
British Isles, and France until the Armistice. After a short cruise in the eastern
Mediterranean, she returned to the United States in January 1919.
From July 1919 to May 1922, she was based at
San Diego, California as flagship of Destroyer Squadrons,
Pacific Fleet, and then moved to
Balboa, Canal Zone as flagship of the Special Service Squadron. After cruising along the Central American and northern South American coast, she returned to Philadelphia and was decommissioned there on 1 December 1923, being sold for scrap on 13 May 1930.