UEFA Champions League

UEFA Champions League
UEFA Champions League logo 2.svg
Founded1955; 64 years ago (1955)
(rebranded in 1992)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams32 (group stage)
79, 80 or 81 (total)
Qualifier forUEFA Super Cup
FIFA Club World Cup
Related competitionsUEFA Europa League (2nd tier)
UEFA Europa League 2 (planned 3rd tier)
Current championsSpain Real Madrid (13th title)
Most successful club(s)Spain Real Madrid (13 titles)
Television broadcastersuefa.com
2018–19 UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League (abbreviated as UCL) is an annual club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world and the most prestigious club competition in European football, played by the national league champions (and, for some nations, one or more runners-up) of the strongest UEFA national associations.

Introduced in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs' Cup, or simply European Cup, the competition took on its current name in 1992, adding a group stage to the competition and allowing multiple entrants from certain countries.[1] The pre-1992 competition was initially a straight knockout tournament open only to the champion club of each nation. During the 1990s, the format was expanded, incorporating a round-robin group stage to include clubs that finished runner-up of some nations' top-level league.[1] While most of Europe's national leagues can still only enter their national league champion, Europe's strongest national leagues now provide up to five teams for the competition.[2][3] Clubs that finish next-in-line in each nation's top level league, having not qualified for the UEFA Champions League competition, are eligible for the second-tier UEFA Europa League competition.

In its present format, the UEFA Champions League begins in late June with four knockout qualifying rounds and a play-off round. The 6 surviving teams enter the group stage, joining 26 teams qualified in advance. The 32 teams are drawn into eight groups of four teams and play each other in a double round-robin system. The eight group winners and eight runners-up proceed to the knockout phase that culminates with the final match in May.[4] The winner of the UEFA Champions League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup and the FIFA Club World Cup.[5][6]

Real Madrid is the most successful club in the competition's history, having won the tournament 13 times, including its first five seasons. Spanish clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories (18 wins), followed by England and Italy (12 wins apiece). England has the largest number of winning teams, with five clubs having won the title. The competition has been won by 22 clubs, 12 of which have won it more than once.[7] The reigning champions are Real Madrid, who secured their 13th title in the competition after defeating Liverpool 3–1 in the 2018 final. Thus, they became the first team in the UEFA Champions League era to win the title for three years in a row.


The first pan-European tournament was the Challenge Cup, a competition between clubs in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.[8] The Mitropa Cup, a competition modelled after the Challenge Cup, was created in 1927, an idea of Austrian Hugo Meisl, and played between Central European clubs.[9] In 1930, the Coupe des Nations (French: Nations Cup), the first attempt to create a cup for national champion clubs of Europe, was played and organised by Swiss club Servette.[10] Held in Geneva, it brought together ten champions from across the continent. The tournament was won by Újpest of Hungary.[10] Latin European nations came together to form the Latin Cup in 1949.[11] After receiving reports from his journalists over the highly successful Campeonato Sudamericano de Campeones of 1948, Gabriel Hanot, editor of L'Équipe, began proposing the creation of a continent-wide tournament.[12] After Stan Cullis declared Wolverhampton Wanderers "Champions of the World" following a successful run of friendlies in the 1950s, in particular a 3–2 friendly victory against Budapest Honvéd, Hanot finally managed to convince UEFA to put into practice such a tournament.[1] It was conceived in Paris in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs' Cup.[1]

1955–66: Beginnings

Alfredo Di Stéfano in 1959. He led Real Madrid to win five consecutive European Cups between 1956 and 1960

The first edition of the European Cup took place during the 1955–56 season.[13][14] Sixteen teams participated: Milan (Italy), AGF Aarhus (Denmark), Anderlecht (Belgium), Djurgården (Sweden), Gwardia Warszawa (Poland), Hibernian (Scotland), Partizan (Yugoslavia), PSV Eindhoven (Netherlands), Rapid Wien (Austria), Real Madrid (Spain), Rot-Weiss Essen (West Germany), Saarbrücken (Saar), Servette (Switzerland), Sporting CP (Portugal), Stade de Reims (France), and Vörös Lobogó (Hungary).[13][14] The first European Cup match took place on 4 September 1955, and ended in a 3–3 draw between Sporting CP and Partizan.[13][14] The first goal in European Cup history was scored by João Baptista Martins of Sporting CP.[13][14] The inaugural final took place at the Parc des Princes between Stade de Reims and Real Madrid.[13][14][15] The Spanish squad came back from behind to win 4–3 thanks to goals from Alfredo Di Stéfano and Marquitos, as well as two goals from Héctor Rial.[13][14][15]

Eusébio celebrating Benfica's 1962 European Cup victory

Real Madrid successfully defended the trophy next season in their home stadium, the Santiago Bernabéu, against Fiorentina.[16][17] After a scoreless first half, Real Madrid scored twice in six minutes to defeat the Italians.[15][16][17] In 1958, Milan failed to capitalise after going ahead on the scoreline twice, only for Real Madrid to equalise.[18][19] The final held in Heysel Stadium went to extra time where Francisco Gento scored the game-winning goal to allow Real Madrid to retain the title for the third consecutive season.[15][18][19] In a rematch of the first final, Real Madrid faced Stade Reims at the Neckarstadion for the 1958–59 season final, easily winning 2–0.[15][20][21] West German side Eintracht Frankfurt became the first non-Latin team to reach the European Cup final.[22][23] The 1959–60 season finale still holds the record for the most goals scored, with Real Madrid beating Eintracht Frankfurt 7-3 in Hampden Park, courtesy of four goals by Ferenc Puskás and a hat-trick by Alfredo Di Stéfano.[15][22][23] This was Real Madrid's fifth consecutive title, a record that still stands today.[7]

Johan Cruyff holding the European Cup during celebrations in Amsterdam following Ajax's 1972 triumph

Real Madrid's reign ended in the 1960–61 season when bitter rivals Barcelona dethroned them in the first round.[24][25] Barcelona themselves, however, would be defeated in the final by Portuguese side Benfica 3–2 at Wankdorf Stadium.[24][25][26] Reinforced by Eusébio, Benfica defeated Real Madrid 5–3 at the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam and kept the title for a second, consecutive season.[26][27][28] Benfica wanted to repeat Real Madrid's successful run of the 1950s after reaching the showpiece event of the 1962–63 European Cup, but a brace from Brazilian-Italian José Altafini at the Wembley Stadium gave the spoils to Milan, making the trophy leave the Iberian Peninsula for the first time ever.[29][30][31] Internazionale beat an ageing-Real Madrid 3–1 in the Ernst-Happel-Stadion to win the 1963–64 season and replicate their local-rival's success.[32][33][34] The title stayed in the city of Milan for the third year in a row after Inter beat Benfica 1–0 at their home ground, the San Siro.[35][36][37]

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ліга чэмпіёнаў УЭФА
Bahasa Indonesia: Liga Champions UEFA
Lëtzebuergesch: UEFA Champions League
Bahasa Melayu: Liga Juara-Juara UEFA
Nedersaksies: UEFA Champions League
norsk nynorsk: Champions League
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: UEFA Chempionlar Ligasi
Simple English: UEFA Champions League
slovenčina: Liga majstrov UEFA
slovenščina: Nogometna Liga prvakov
српски / srpski: УЕФА Лига шампиона
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: UEFA Liga prvaka
Tiếng Việt: UEFA Champions League