Flag of Tuscany
Coat of arms of Tuscany
Coat of arms
Tuscany in Italy.svg
 • PresidentEnrico Rossi (MDP)
since 1 June 2015 (2nd term)
 • Total22,990.18 km2 (8,876.56 sq mi)
 • Total3,749,430
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demonym(s)English: Tuscan
Italian: toscano
 • Italian90%
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
GDP/ Nominal€106.1[2] billion (2008)
GDP per capita€28,500[3] (2008)

Tuscany (i/ TUSK-ə-nee; Italian: Toscana, pronounced [toˈskaːna]) is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 square miles) and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013). The regional capital is Florence (Firenze).

Tuscany is known for its landscapes, history, artistic legacy, and its influence on high culture. It is regarded as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance[4] and has been home to many figures influential in the history of art and science, and contains well-known museums such as the Uffizi and the Pitti Palace. Tuscany produces wines, including Chianti, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Morellino di Scansano and Brunello di Montalcino. Having a strong linguistic and cultural identity, it is sometimes considered "a nation within a nation".

Tuscany is a popular destination in Italy, the main tourist spots are Florence, Pisa, Montecatini Terme, Castiglione della Pescaia and Grosseto.[5] The village of Castiglione della Pescaia is the most visited seaside destination in the region,[5] with seaside tourism accounting for approximately 40% of tourist arrivals. Additionally, Siena, Lucca, the Chianti region, Versilia and Val d'Orcia are also internationally renowned and particularly popular spots among travellers.

Seven Tuscan localities have been designated World Heritage Sites: the historic centre of Florence (1982); the Cathedral square of Pisa (1987); the historical centre of San Gimignano (1990); the historical centre of Siena (1995); the historical centre of Pienza (1996); the Val d'Orcia (2004), and the Medici Villas and Gardens (2013). Tuscany has over 120 protected nature reserves, making Tuscany and its capital Florence popular tourist destinations that attract millions of tourists every year.[6] In 2012, the city of Florence was the world's 89th most visited city, with over 1.834 million arrivals.[7]


Thornthwaite climate classification of Tuscany

Roughly triangular in shape, Tuscany borders the regions of Liguria to the northwest, Emilia-Romagna to the north, Marche to the northeast, Umbria to the east and Lazio to the southeast. The comune (municipality) of Badia Tedalda, in the Tuscan Province of Arezzo, has an exclave named Ca' Raffaello within Marche.

Tuscany has a western coastline on the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, among which is the Tuscan Archipelago, of which the largest island is Elba. Tuscany has an area of approximately 22,993 square kilometres (8,878 sq mi). Surrounded and crossed by major mountain chains, and with few (but fertile) plains, the region has a relief that is dominated by hilly country used for agriculture. Hills make up nearly two-thirds (66.5%) of the region's total area, covering 15,292 square kilometres (5,904 sq mi), and mountains (of which the highest are the Apennines), a further 25%, or 5,770 square kilometres (2,230 sq mi). Plains occupy 8.4% of the total area—1,930 square kilometres (750 sq mi)—mostly around the valley of the Arno. Many of Tuscany's largest cities lie on the banks of the Arno, including the capital Florence, Empoli and Pisa.

The climate is fairly mild in the coastal areas, and is harsher and rainy in the interior, with considerable fluctuations in temperature between winter and summer,[8] giving the region a soil-building active freeze-thaw cycle, in part accounting for the region's once having served as a key breadbasket of ancient Rome.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Toskane
Alemannisch: Toskana
አማርኛ: ቶስካና
Ænglisc: Tuscania
العربية: توسكانا
aragonés: Toscana
arpetan: Toscana
asturianu: Toscana
azərbaycanca: Toskana
تۆرکجه: توسکانی
বাংলা: টাস্কানি
Bân-lâm-gú: Toscana
башҡортса: Тоскана
беларуская: Таскана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Таскана
Bikol Central: Tuscany
български: Тоскана
Boarisch: Toskana
bosanski: Toskana
brezhoneg: Toskana
català: Toscana
Чӑвашла: Тоскана
Cebuano: Toscana
čeština: Toskánsko
corsu: Toscana
Cymraeg: Toscana
dansk: Toscana
davvisámegiella: Toscana
Deutsch: Toskana
eesti: Toscana
Ελληνικά: Τοσκάνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Tuschèna
Esperanto: Toskanio
estremeñu: Toscana
euskara: Toscana
فارسی: توسکانی
français: Toscane
Frysk: Toskane
furlan: Toscane
Gaeilge: An Tuscáin
Gàidhlig: Toscana
galego: Toscana
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Toscana
한국어: 토스카나주
հայերեն: Տոսկանա
hrvatski: Toskana
Bahasa Indonesia: Toskana
interlingua: Toscana
Interlingue: Toscana
Ирон: Тосканæ
íslenska: Toskana
italiano: Toscana
עברית: טוסקנה
Basa Jawa: Toscana
Kapampangan: Toskana
ქართული: ტოსკანა
қазақша: Тоскана
kernowek: Toscana
Kiswahili: Toscana
kurdî: Toscana
Latina: Tuscia
latviešu: Toskāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Toskana
lietuvių: Toskana
Ligure: Toscann-a
Limburgs: Toscane
Lingua Franca Nova: Toscana
lumbaart: Toscana
magyar: Toszkána
македонски: Тоскана
മലയാളം: ടസ്കനി
मराठी: तोस्काना
مصرى: توسكانا
مازِرونی: توسکانی
Bahasa Melayu: Toscana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tuscany
Nederlands: Toscane
Napulitano: Toscana
нохчийн: Тоскана
Nordfriisk: Toskaana
norsk: Toscana
norsk nynorsk: Toscana
occitan: Toscana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤੋਸਕਾਨਾ
پنجابی: صوبہ ٹسکنی
Papiamentu: Toscana
Piemontèis: Toscan-a
polski: Toskania
português: Toscana
română: Toscana
Runa Simi: Toscana
русский: Тоскана
sardu: Toscana
Scots: Tuscany
shqip: Toskana
sicilianu: Tuscana
Simple English: Tuscany
slovenčina: Toskánsko
slovenščina: Toskana
српски / srpski: Тоскана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Toscana
suomi: Toscana
svenska: Toscana
Tagalog: Tuscany
தமிழ்: டசுக்கனி
tarandíne: Toscana
Türkçe: Toskana
українська: Тоскана
اردو: تسکانہ
vèneto: Toscana
Tiếng Việt: Toscana
West-Vlams: Toscane
Winaray: Toscana
粵語: 陀斯卡拿