Turing Award 
ACM Turing Award  

Awarded for  Outstanding contributions in 
Country  
Presented by  
Reward(s)  US $1,000,000^{[1]} 
First awarded  1966 
Last awarded  2018 
Website  amturing 
The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the
The award is named after
The first recipient, in 1966, was
Year  Recipient  Picture  Rationale 

1966  For his influence in the area of advanced  
1967  Professor Wilkes is best known as the builder and designer of the  
1968  For his work on  
1969  For his central role in creating, shaping, promoting, and advancing the field of  
1970  For his research in  
1971  McCarthy's lecture "The Present State of Research on Artificial Intelligence" is a topic that covers the area in which he has achieved considerable recognition for his work.^{[15]}  
1972  Edsger Dijkstra was a principal contributor in the late 1950s to the development of the  
1973  For his outstanding contributions to  
1974  For his major contributions to the analysis of algorithms and the design of programming languages, and in particular for his contributions to "  
1975  In joint scientific efforts extending over twenty years, initially in collaboration with  
1976  For their joint paper "Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem,"^{[20]} which introduced the idea of  
1977  For profound, influential, and lasting contributions to the design of practical highlevel programming systems, notably through his work on  
1978  For having a clear influence on methodologies for the creation of efficient and reliable software, and for helping to found the following important subfields of  
1979  For his pioneering effort in programming languages and mathematical notation resulting in what the computing field now knows as  
1980  For his fundamental contributions to the definition and design of programming languages.^{[26]}  
1981  For his fundamental and continuing contributions to the theory and practice of database management systems, esp.  
1982  For his advancement of our understanding of the complexity of computation in a significant and profound way.^{[28]}  
1983  For their development of generic operating systems theory and specifically for the implementation of the  
1984  For developing a sequence of innovative computer languages,  
1985  For his continuing contributions to the theory of algorithms including the development of efficient algorithms for network flow and other combinatorial optimization problems, the identification of polynomialtime computability with the intuitive notion of algorithmic efficiency, and, most notably, contributions to the theory of  
1986  For fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.  
1987  For significant contributions in the design and theory of compilers, the architecture of large systems and the development of  
1988  For his pioneering and visionary contributions to  
1989  For his fundamental contributions to  
1990  For his pioneering work organizing the concepts and leading the development of the generalpurpose, largescale,  
1991  For three distinct and complete achievements: 1)  
1992  For contributions to the development of distributed, personal computing environments and the technology for their implementation:  
1993  In recognition of their seminal paper which established the foundations for the field of  
1994  For pioneering the design and construction of large scale artificial intelligence systems, demonstrating the practical importance and potential commercial impact of artificial intelligence technology.^{[33]}  
1995  In recognition of his contributions to the foundations of  
1996  For seminal work introducing  
1997  For an inspiring vision of the future of interactive computing and the invention of key technologies to help realize this vision.^{[36]}  
1998  For seminal contributions to  
1999  For landmark contributions to  
2000  In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the  
2001  For ideas fundamental to the emergence of  
2002  For  
2003  For pioneering many of the ideas at the root of contemporary  
2004  For pioneering work on  
2005  For fundamental contributions to  
2006  For pioneering contributions to the theory and practice of optimizing compiler techniques that laid the foundation for modern optimizing compilers and automatic parallel execution.  
2007  For their roles in developing  
2008  For contributions to practical and theoretical foundations of programming language and system design, especially related to data abstraction, fault tolerance, and distributed computing.  
2009  For his pioneering design and realization of the  
2010  For transformative contributions to the  
2011  For fundamental contributions to artificial intelligence through the development of a calculus for probabilistic and causal reasoning.^{[39]}  
2012  For transformative work that laid the complexitytheoretic foundations for the science of cryptography and in the process pioneered new methods for efficient verification of mathematical proofs in complexity theory.^{[40]}  
2013  For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of distributed and concurrent systems, notably the invention of concepts such as causality and logical clocks, safety and liveness, replicated state machines, and sequential consistency.^{[41]}^{[42]}  
2014  For fundamental contributions to the concepts and practices underlying modern database systems.^{[43]}  
2015  For fundamental contributions to modern cryptography. Diffie and Hellman's groundbreaking 1976 paper, "New Directions in Cryptography,"^{[44]} introduced the ideas of publickey cryptography and digital signatures, which are the foundation for most regularlyused security protocols on the internet today.^{[45]}  
2016  For inventing the  
2017  For pioneering a systematic, quantitative approach to the design and evaluation of computer architectures with enduring impact on the microprocessor industry.^{[47]}  
2018

For conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made  