Tunis

Tunis
تونس
City
Montage ville de tunis.png
Flag of Tunis
Flag
Coat of arms of Tunis
Coat of arms
Tunis is located in Tunisia
Tunis
Tunis
Location in Tunisia and Africa
Tunis is located in Africa
Tunis
Tunis
Tunis (Africa)
Coordinates: 36°48′23″N 10°10′54″E / 36°48′23″N 10°10′54″E / 36.80639; 10.18167
Country Tunisia
GovernorateTunis
Government
 • MayorSeifallah Lasram
Area
 • City212.63 km2 (82.10 sq mi)
 • Metro2,668 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Highest elevation41 m (135 ft)
Lowest elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (2014)[2]
 • City1 056 247[1]
 • Density9,406.01/km2 (24,361.5/sq mi)
 • Urban2,294,547
 • Metro2,643,695
Demonym(s)Tunisois
(Arabic: تونسي, Tounsi‎)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
Postal code1xxx, 2xxx
Calling code71
ISO 3166 codeTN-11, TN-12, TN-13 and TN-14
geoTLD.tn
WebsiteTunis City
Tunis as viewed from space
View on Tunis

Tunis (Arabic: تونسAbout this sound Tūnis) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as Grand Tunis, has some 2,700,000 inhabitants.

Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf of Tunis), behind the Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it. At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site. East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by popular press and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. As the capital city of the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life; it is also the centre of the country's commercial activity.

Etymology

Tunis is the transcription of the Arabic name تونس which can be pronounced as "Tūnus", "Tūnas", or "Tūnis". All three variations were mentioned by the Greek-Syrian geographer al-Rumi Yaqout in his Mu'jam al-Bûldan (Dictionary of Countries).

Different explanations exist for the origin of the name Tunis. Some scholars relate it to the Phoenician goddess Tanith ('Tanit or Tanut), as many ancient cities were named after patron deities.[3][4] Some scholars claim that it originated from Tynes, which was mentioned by Diodorus Siculus and Polybius in the course of descriptions of a location resembling present-day Al-Kasbah; Tunis's old Berber Bourgade.[5][6]

Another possibility is that it was derived from the Berber verbal root ens which means "to lie down" or "to pass the night".[7] Given the variations of the precise meaning over time and space, the term Tunis can possibly mean "camp at night", "camp", or "stop". There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (currently El Kala), Thunusuda (currently Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (currently Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (currently Ras Jebel). As all of these Berber villages were situated on Roman roads, they undoubtedly served as rest-stations or stops.[8]

Other Languages
Acèh: Tunis
адыгабзэ: Тунис (къалэ)
Afrikaans: Tunis
Alemannisch: Tunis
አማርኛ: ቱኒስ
العربية: تونس (مدينة)
aragonés: Túniz
arpetan: Tunis
azərbaycanca: Tunis şəhəri
বাংলা: তিউনিস
Bân-lâm-gú: Tunis
башҡортса: Тунис (ҡала)
беларуская: Туніс (горад)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Туніс (горад)
български: Тунис (град)
བོད་ཡིག: ཊུ་ནིསི།
bosanski: Tunis (grad)
brezhoneg: Tuniz
català: Tunis
Чӑвашла: Тунис (хула)
čeština: Tunis
chiShona: Tunis
Cymraeg: Tiwnis
dansk: Tunis
Deutsch: Tunis
eesti: Tunis
Ελληνικά: Τύνιδα
español: Túnez (ciudad)
Esperanto: Tunizo
estremeñu: Túnis (ciá)
euskara: Tunis
فارسی: تونس (شهر)
Fiji Hindi: Tunis
français: Tunis
Frysk: Tunis
Gaeilge: Túinis
Gàidhlig: Tunis
galego: Tunes
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tunis
хальмг: Тунисин Орн
한국어: 튀니스
हिन्दी: तूनिस
hornjoserbsce: Tunis
hrvatski: Tunis (grad)
Ido: Tunis
Bahasa Indonesia: Tunis
Interlingue: Tunis
íslenska: Túnis (borg)
italiano: Tunisi
עברית: תוניס
Basa Jawa: Tunis
Kiswahili: Tunis
Kongo: Tunis
Kreyòl ayisyen: Tinis
Кыргызча: Тунис шаары
кырык мары: Тунис (хала)
Latina: Tunes
latviešu: Tunisa
Lëtzebuergesch: Tunis
lumbaart: Tünis
magyar: Tunisz
македонски: Тунис (град)
Malagasy: Tunis
മലയാളം: ടൂണിസ്സ്
मराठी: ट्युनिस
მარგალური: ტუნისი (ნოღა)
Bahasa Melayu: Tunis
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tunis
монгол: Тунис хот
Nederlands: Tunis
日本語: チュニス
нохчийн: Тунис (гӀала)
norsk: Tunis
norsk nynorsk: Tunis
occitan: Tunis
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tunis (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤੂਨਿਸ
پنجابی: ٹیونس نگر
Papiamentu: Tunis
Piemontèis: Tùnis
polski: Tunis
português: Tunes
română: Tunis
Runa Simi: Tunis
русский: Тунис (город)
саха тыла: Тунис (куорат)
Scots: Tunis
shqip: Tunis
sicilianu: Tùnisi
Simple English: Tunis
slovenčina: Tunis
slovenščina: Tunis
ślůnski: Tůńis
Soomaaliga: Tunis
српски / srpski: Тунис (град)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tunis (grad)
suomi: Tunis
svenska: Tunis
Tagalog: Tunis
தமிழ்: தூனிஸ்
ไทย: ตูนิส
тоҷикӣ: Тунис (шаҳр)
Türkçe: Tunus (şehir)
Twi: Tunis
удмурт: Тунис (кар)
українська: Туніс (місто)
اردو: تونس شہر
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تۇنىس شەھىرى
vèneto: Túnixi
vepsän kel’: Tunis (lidn)
Tiếng Việt: Tunis
Winaray: Tunis
Wolof: Tunis
吴语: 突尼斯市
ייִדיש: טוניס
Yorùbá: Tunis
粵語: 突尼斯
Kabɩyɛ: Tunisi