Tsugaru Strait

Tsugaru Peninsula and Tsugaru Strait
Landsat 7 Imagery of Tsugaru Strait
Tappi Misaki

The Tsugaru Strait (津軽海峡, Tsugaru Kaikyō) is a strait between Honshu and Hokkaido in northern Japan connecting the Sea of Japan with the Pacific Ocean. It was named after the western part of Aomori Prefecture. The Seikan Tunnel passes under it at its narrowest point 12.1 miles (19.5 km) between Tappi Misaki on the Tsugaru Peninsula in Aomori Prefecture, Honshu, and Shirakami Misaki on the Matsumae Peninsula in Hokkaido.

Japan's territorial waters extend to three nautical miles (5.6 km) into the strait instead of the usual twelve, reportedly to allow nuclear-armed United States Navy warships and submarines to transit the strait without violating Japan's prohibition against nuclear weapons in its territory.[1] The part of the Seikan Tunnel that passes under the strait is considered to be under Japanese sovereignty. The part of the Tsugaru Strait considered to be in international waters is still within Japan's exclusive economic zone.[2]

The Tsugaru Strait has eastern and western necks, both approximately 20 km across with maximum depths of 200 m and 140 m respectively.[3]

In the past, the most common way for passengers and freight to cross the strait was by the Seikan ferry, approximately a four-hour journey.

On September 26, 1954, 1,172 lives were lost when the ferry Tōya Maru sank in the strait.[4]

Thomas Blakiston, an English explorer and naturalist, noticed that animals in Hokkaido were related to northern Asian species, whereas those on Honshu to the south were related to those from southern Asia. The Tsugaru Strait was therefore established as a major zoogeographical boundary, and became known as Blakiston's Line or the "Blakiston Line".[5]

References

  1. ^ Japan left key straits open for U.S. nukes", The Japan Times, June 22, 2009.
  2. ^ http://www1.kaiho.mlit.go.jp/JODC/ryokai/ryokai_setsuzoku.html
  3. ^ Tsuji, H., Sawada, T. and Takizawa, M. (1996). "Extraordinary inundation accidents in the Seikan undersea tunnel". Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Geotechnical Engineering. 119 (1): 1–14. 10.1680/igeng.1996.28131.
  4. ^ "Seikan Railroad Ferryboat Accident, Failure Knowledge Database". Japan Science and Technology Agency. Archived from the original on 2010-07-22.
  5. ^ "Nature in Japan" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment Government of Japan.
Other Languages
العربية: مضيق تسوجارو
azərbaycanca: Sanqar boğazı
Bân-lâm-gú: Tugaru Hái-kiap
башҡортса: Сангар боғаҙы
беларуская: Цугару (праліў)
bosanski: Cugaru (moreuz)
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tsugaru Hói-hia̍p
한국어: 쓰가루 해협
Bahasa Indonesia: Selat Tsugaru
עברית: מצר צוגרו
latviešu: Cugaru šaurums
Nederlands: Straat Tsugaru
नेपाल भाषा: सुगारु जलसन्धि
日本語: 津軽海峡
Simple English: Tsugaru Strait
slovenčina: Cugarský prieliv
svenska: Tsugarusundet
українська: Протока Цуґару
Tiếng Việt: Eo biển Tsugaru
粵語: 津輕海峽
中文: 津轻海峡