Tsakhur people

Tsakhur
йыхъбы (Yiqby), цIаIхбы
Tsakhur child in Qum (Azerbaijan).JPG
Tsakhur child from Qum (Azerbaijan)
Total population
c. 25,000
Regions with significant populations
 Russia12,796[1]
 Azerbaijan10,000
 Ukraine83[2]
Languages
Tsakhur, Azerbaijani, Russian, Lezgian
Religion
Sunni Islam

The Tsakhur or Caxur (Azerbaijani: saxurlar, Russian: цахурский) people are an ethnic group of northern Azerbaijan and southern Dagestan (Russia). They number about 30,000 and call themselves yiqy (pl. yiqby), but are generally known by the name Tsakhur, which derives from the name of a Dagestani village, where they make up the majority.

History

Tsakhurs are first mentioned in the 7th-century Armenian and Georgian sources where they are named Tsakhaik. After the conquest of Caucasian Albania by the Arabs, Tsakhurs formed a semi-independent state (later a sultanate) of Tsuketi and southwestern Dagestan. By the 11th century, Tsakhurs who had mostly been Christian, converted to Islam. From the 15th century some began moving south across the mountains to what is now the Zaqatala District of Azerbaijan. In the 18th century the capital of the state moved south from Tsakhur in Dagestan to İlisu and came to be called the Elisu Sultanate. West of the Sultanate Tsakhurs formed the Djaro-Belokani free communities. The sultanate was in the sphere of influence of the Shaki Khanate. It became part of the Russian Empire by the beginning of the 19th century.

Other Languages
العربية: تساخور
azərbaycanca: Saxurlar
تۆرکجه: ساخور‌لار
bosanski: Cahuri
català: Tsakhurs
Deutsch: Zachuren
eesti: Tsahurid
Esperanto: Caĥuroj
فارسی: قوم ساخور
hrvatski: Cahuri
ქართული: წახები
лакку: ЦӀахъюр
лезги: ЦIахурар
lietuvių: Cachurai
magyar: Cahurok
Nederlands: Tsachoeriërs
нохчийн: Цахураш
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Saxurlar
polski: Cachurzy
русский: Цахуры
српски / srpski: Цахури
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cahuri
suomi: Tsahurit
Türkçe: Sahurlar
українська: Цахури