Trumpet 1.png
B trumpet
Brass instrument


Hornbostel–Sachs classification 423.233
(Valved aerophone sounded by lip movement)
Playing range
Written range:
Range trumpet 3.svg
Related instruments
Flugelhorn, cornet, cornett, Flumpet, bugle, natural trumpet, bass trumpet, post horn, Roman tuba, buccina, cornu, lituus, shofar, dord, dung chen, sringa, shankha, lur, didgeridoo, Alphorn, Russian horns, serpent, ophicleide, piccolo trumpet, horn, alto horn, baritone horn, pocket trumpet

A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles. The trumpet group contains the instruments with the highest register in the brass family. Trumpet-like instruments have historically been used as signaling devices in battle or hunting, with examples dating back to at least 1500 BC; they began to be used as musical instruments only in the late 14th or early 15th century. [1] Trumpets are used in art music styles, for instance in orchestras, concert bands, and jazz ensembles, as well as in popular music. They are played by blowing air through nearly-closed lips (called the player's embouchure), producing a "buzzing" sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument. Since the late 15th century they have primarily been constructed of brass tubing, usually bent twice into a rounded rectangular shape. [2]

There are many distinct types of trumpet, with the most common being pitched in B (a transposing instrument), having a tubing length of about 1.48 m (4 ft 10 in). Early trumpets did not provide means to change the length of tubing, whereas modern instruments generally have three (or sometimes four) valves in order to change their pitch. Most trumpets have valves of the piston type, while some have the rotary type. The use of rotary-valved trumpets is more common in orchestral settings, although this practice varies by country. Each valve, when engaged, increases the length of tubing, lowering the pitch of the instrument. A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter.


The English word "trumpet" was first used in the late 14th century. [3] The word came from Old French "trompette", which is a diminutive of trompe. [3] The word "trump", meaning "trumpet," was first used in English in 1300. The word comes from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (compare Old High German trumpa, Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin." [4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Trompet
Alemannisch: Trompete
አማርኛ: ትራምፔት
العربية: بوق
aragonés: Trompeta
asturianu: Trompeta
azərbaycanca: Truba (musiqi aləti)
Bân-lâm-gú: Kó͘-chhoe
беларуская: Труба
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Труба
български: Тромпет
Boarisch: Trompetn
བོད་ཡིག: འཁྱིལ་ཆུང་།
bosanski: Truba
буряад: Бүреэ
català: Trompeta
čeština: Trubka
Cymraeg: Trwmped
dansk: Trompet
Deitsch: Drummbett
Deutsch: Trompete
eesti: Trompet
Ελληνικά: Τρομπέτα
español: Trompeta
Esperanto: Trumpeto
euskara: Tronpeta
فارسی: ترومپت
Fiji Hindi: Trumpet
français: Trompette
Frysk: Trompet
Gaeilge: Trumpa
Gàidhlig: Trombaid
galego: Trompeta
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: La̍p-pá
한국어: 트럼펫
Հայերեն: Շեփոր
hrvatski: Truba
Bahasa Indonesia: Trompet
interlingua: Trompetta
isiZulu: Icilongo
íslenska: Trompet
italiano: Tromba
עברית: חצוצרה
Basa Jawa: Trompèt
ქართული: საყვირი
kaszëbsczi: Trąbka
қазақша: Труба
Kiswahili: Tarumbeta
Latina: Trompa
latviešu: Trompete
lietuvių: Trimitas
magyar: Trombita
македонски: Труба
മലയാളം: ട്രംപറ്റ്
Bahasa Melayu: Trompet
монгол: Бүрээ
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထရမ်းပက်
Nāhuatl: Tepozquiquiztli
Nederlands: Trompet
Nedersaksies: Trompet
नेपाल भाषा: त्रम्पेत
norsk: Trompet
norsk nynorsk: Trompet
occitan: Trompeta
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Truba
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤੂਤਨੀ
پنجابی: توتنی
polski: Trąbka
português: Trompete
română: Trompetă
Runa Simi: Q'ipa
русиньскый: Трубка
Scots: Trumpet
Seeltersk: Trumpätte
shqip: Trumbeta
sicilianu: Trumma
Simple English: Trumpet
slovenščina: Trobenta
کوردی: ترامپێت
српски / srpski: Труба
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Truba
suomi: Trumpetti
svenska: Trumpet
Tagalog: Trumpeta
Türkçe: Trompet
اردو: ترم
Tiếng Việt: Trumpet
Volapük: Topet
Võro: Trompõt
West-Vlams: Trompette
Winaray: Torotot
ייִדיש: טרומייט
粵語: 小號
中文: 小號