Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States)
The first winner of all three Triple Crown races was
In the history of the Triple Crown, 13 horses have won all three races:
The three Triple Crown races had been run for decades before the series received its name; the Belmont Stakes was first run in 1867, the Preakness in 1873, and the Kentucky Derby, in 1875. The term was in use at least by 1923, although
Their order has varied. Before 1931, the Preakness was run before the Kentucky Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, and May 13, 1922, the Kentucky Derby and Preakness were run on the same day. Since 1931, the Kentucky Derby has been run first, followed by the Preakness, and then the Belmont.
Each Triple Crown race is open to both
All the races are held on dirt tracks, rather than the turf commonly used for important races in Europe.[
"The Run for the Roses"
|First Saturday in May||1 1⁄4 miles (2,000 m)||Inaugurated in 1875, the race was originally 1 1⁄2 miles (2,400 m) until 1896 when it was shortened to its current distance. It is the only one of the three races to have been continuously run from its inception.
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
|Third Saturday in May||1 3⁄16 miles (1,900 m)||Started in 1873 and continuously run since 1894, it is the shortest of the three races. Pimlico was the home of the race from 1873 to 1889 and again from 1908 until the present. The Preakness was not run from 1891 to 1893. Weights are the same as for the Derby. Field is limited to 14 horses.|||
"The Test of the Champion"
|Third Saturday following the Preakness
(first or second Saturday in June)
|1 1⁄2 miles (2,400 m)||Begun in 1867, it is the oldest of the three races and the longest, though not held in 1911 and 1912 due to anti-gambling legislation in New York. Race was held at various New York tracks until 1905 when Belmont Park became the permanent location. Distance varied from 1 5⁄8 to 1 1⁄8 miles (2,600 to 1,800 m) until set at 1 1⁄2 miles (2,400 m) in 1926. Weight assignments are the same as the other two races. Field is limited to 16 horses.|||