Transphobia

Transphobia is a range of negative attitudes, feelings or actions toward transgender or transsexual people, or toward transsexuality. Transphobia can be emotional disgust, fear, violence, anger, or discomfort felt or expressed towards people who do not conform to society's gender expectation.[1][2] It is often expressed alongside homophobic views and hence is often considered an aspect of homophobia.[3][4] Transphobia is a type of prejudice and discrimination similar to racism and sexism,[5] and transgender people of color are often subjected to all three forms of discrimination at once.[6]

Child victims of transphobia experience harassment, school bullying, and violence in school, foster care, and social programs. Adult victims experience public ridicule, harassment including misgendering, taunts, threats of violence, robbery, and false arrest; many feel unsafe in public. A high percentage report being victims of sexual violence. Some are refused healthcare or suffer workplace discrimination, including being fired for being transgender, or feel under siege by conservative political or religious groups who oppose laws to protect them. There is even discrimination from some people within the movement for the rights of gender and sexual minorities.

Besides the increased risk of violence and other threats, the stress created by transphobia can cause negative emotional consequences which may lead to substance abuse, running away from home (in minors), and a higher rate of suicide.

In the Western world, there have been gradual changes towards the establishment of policies of non-discrimination and equal opportunity. The trend is also taking shape in developing nations. In addition, campaigns regarding the LGBT community are being spread around the world to improve acceptance; the "Stop the Stigma" campaign by the UN is one such development.[7]

Etymology and use

The word transphobia is a classical compound patterned on the term homophobia, sharing its second component -phobia from the Greek: φόβος, phóbos, "fear". The first component is the neo-classical prefix trans- from transgender (originally meaning "across, on the far side, beyond"). Along with lesbophobia, biphobia, homophobia and transphobia are members of the family of terms used when intolerance and discrimination is directed toward LGBT people.

Transphobia need not be a phobia as defined in clinical psychology (i.e., an anxiety disorder). Its meaning and use typically parallel those of xenophobia.[8]

The adjectival form transphobic describes things or qualities related to transphobia, and the noun transphobe denotes someone who harbors transphobia.

The words transphobia and transphobic were added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2013, together with transperson, transman, transwoman.[9]

Other Languages
беларуская: Трансфобія
català: Transfòbia
čeština: Transfobie
Cymraeg: Trawsffobia
Deutsch: Transphobie
español: Transfobia
Esperanto: Transfobio
euskara: Transfobia
français: Transphobie
hrvatski: Transfobija
Bahasa Indonesia: Transfobia
interlingua: Transphobia
italiano: Transfobia
עברית: טרנספוביה
ქართული: ტრანსფობია
kurdî: Transfobî
Latina: Transphobia
македонски: Трансфобија
Nederlands: Transfobie
norsk: Transfobi
polski: Transfobia
português: Transfobia
română: Transfobie
русский: Трансфобия
Simple English: Transphobia
slovenščina: Transfobija
српски / srpski: Transfobija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Transfobija
suomi: Transfobia
svenska: Transfobi
Türkçe: Transfobi
українська: Трансфобія