Toyota Supra SZ (JZA80, Japan)
|Production||April 1978  – August 2002|
|Body and chassis|
The Toyota Supra (Japanese: トヨタ スープラ Toyota Sūpura) is a
The Supra also traces much of its roots back to the
Along with this name and car Toyota also included its own logo for the Supra. It is derived from the original Celica logo, being blue instead of orange. This logo was used until January 1986, when the A70 Supra was introduced. The new logo was similar in size, with orange writing on a red background, but without the dragon design. That logo, in turn, was on Supras until 1991 when Toyota switched to its current oval company logo. (The dragon logo was a Celica logo regardless of what color it was. It appeared on the first two generations of the Supra because they were officially Toyota Celicas. The dragon logo was used for the Celica line until it too was discontinued.)
In 1998, Toyota ceased sales of the Supra in the United States  and in 2002 Toyota officially stopped production of the Supra in Japan.
Generation names are A40, A60, A70, A80. A trend started by American owners was to name the cars using Volkswagen Mark terms but this was never adopted by Toyota nor used in any of its publications. The official Toyota names refer to the chassis codes only. Toyota uses the name Mark II to refer to its X chassis platform cars that include the Mark II, Cressida, Chaser, and Cresta models.
The Supra has appeared in numerous video games, movies, music videos and TV shows. Some of the most notable appearances include the
|First generation (A40)|
1981 Toyota Celica Supra (MA47, Canada)
|Also called||Toyota Celica XX|
|Production||April 1978 – June 1981 |
|Body and chassis|
||2,629 mm (103.5 in)|
|Length||4,615 mm (181.7 in)|
|Width||1,651 mm (65.0 in)|
|Height||1,290 mm (50.8 in)|
||1,270 kg (2,800 lb)|
The first generation Supra was based largely upon the Toyota Celica
In April 1978 Toyota began production of the Supra in Japan, as the Celica XX, and sold alongside the Celica at Japanese dealership sales channels called
The Supra was offered with a 123 hp (92 kW) 2.0 L 12-valve SOHC inline-6 engine (
The Supra was first exported outside Japan in January 1979.
 The export version of the Mark I was originally equipped with a 110 hp (82 kW) 2,563 cc (2.563 L; 156.4 cu in) 12-valve
Drive train options for the model were either a 5-speed
The interior of the Supra had optional
The mid 1979 changes for the 1980 model year US version were mostly cosmetic. The interior received a redesigned center console and a digital quartz clock. On the exterior were redesigned side view mirrors and 14x51⁄2" aluminum wheels were standard (the previous year had steel wheels with plastic wheel covers standard and the aluminum wheels were optional). In addition, body molded mudflaps became available. On the copper metallic and white cars, the mudflaps were painted the body color while the mudflaps were left black on all other colors. On the rear of the mudflaps, the word "Celica" was painted in white lettering. 
The official Supra site  also notes that there was an addition of optional leather-trimmed seating and automatic climate-control.
In August 1980 (for the 1981 model year), the Supra received an upgrade in displacement with the 2,759 cc (2.759 L; 168.4 cu in)
Also in 1980 (for the 1981 model year), a new Sports Performance Package became an option, which included sport suspension, raised white letter tires, and front and rear spoilers. This also marked the last year that an
|MA45||Apr 1978 – Aug 1980||1,988 cc (1.988 L; 121.3 cu in)
||123 hp (92 kW)||136 lb⋅ft (184 N⋅m)||5-speed
|MA46||Apr 1978 – Aug 1980||2,563 cc (2.563 L; 156.4 cu in)
||110 hp (82 kW)||136 lb⋅ft (184 N⋅m)||Japan|
|Jan 1979 – Aug 1980||world|
|MA47||Aug 1980 – Jul 1981||2,759 cc (2.759 L; 168.4 cu in)
||116 hp (87 kW)||145 lb⋅ft (197 N⋅m)||5-speed W50 manual
The Celica XX (pronounced as "double X") is the
The 2000GT was the flagship model of the XX range. Featuring the smaller 2.0-litre six-cylinder DOHC 24-valve 1G-EU, Yamaha took the base 1G-EU and improved it, resulting in the 1G-GEU significantly upping the output of the engine, which also served in the 1985
The 2800GT was the most powerful of the range, featuring the 2.8-litre six-cylinder DOHC 5M-GEU making 175 PS (129 kW) at 5,600 rpm. The 2000G/S with M-TEU with intercooler made 160 PS (118 kW) at 5400 rpm, as much as the 1G-GEU, but made more torque lower down the rev range, 23.5
In 1981, the Celica XX introduced the world's first navigation computer.